Humanism in Renaissance Art

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<ul><li> 1. Kris Jacobson CIL 505 8/4/11 Adapted from Renaissance Connection</li></ul> <p> 2. How Humanism Changes Renaissance Art </p> <ul><li>Changes in art illustrate changes in the Renaissance view of people and their place in the world. </li></ul> <p> 3. Middle Ages </p> <ul><li>Middle Ages last from the 3rd Century through the 13 thCentury</li></ul> <ul><li>Learning is centered around the church and religion </li></ul> <ul><li>Artistic subjects are religious </li></ul> <p> 4. Art in the Middle Ages </p> <ul><li>Most art has religious subjects </li></ul> <ul><li>Figures always wear clothes </li></ul> <ul><li>Saintshavehalos </li></ul> <ul><li>The size of figures reflects their importance ( hieratic scale ) </li></ul> <ul><li>Background is often gold, representing heaven </li></ul> <ul><li>Figures are represented ideally, not as individuals </li></ul> <ul><li>Usedtempera(egg-based) paints </li></ul> <p>Jacopa di Cione Madonna and Child in Glory 1360/65 Tempera and gold on panel 5. </p> <ul><li>Begins in the 14 thCentury </li></ul> <ul><li>People begin to read the literature ofClassicalGreece and Rome </li></ul> <ul><li>People begin learning about government, philosophy and art from theseClassicalwritings </li></ul> <ul><li>People began to study the natural world, astronomy, math, and engineering </li></ul> <ul><li>Humans and their relationship to the world become a major focus of art, science, and literature </li></ul> <ul><li>Artists created works outside of the church and began to sign their own works. </li></ul> <p>Renaissance 6. Art in the Renaissance </p> <ul><li>Saintsare depicted as more human</li></ul> <ul><li>Saintsare the same size as humans </li></ul> <ul><li>Halosfade andeventually disappear </li></ul> <ul><li>Naturallandscapeis used as background </li></ul> <ul><li>Perspectiveis used to create the appearance of 3 dimensions </li></ul> <ul><li>Oil paintgives a more natural appearance of light and shadow and texture </li></ul> <p>Giovanni Agostino da Lodi Adoration of the Shepherds About 1505 Oil on wood panel 7. Compare the Two Paintings 8. </p> <ul><li>Do the artists usehieratic scale ?</li></ul> <ul><li>How are thehalosdifferent in each painting? </li></ul> <ul><li>Do thelandscapeslook true to life in each picture? Why or why not? </li></ul> <ul><li>How do the artists represent distance in each painting? </li></ul> <ul><li>Can you tell if the artists usedtemperaoroil paints ? </li></ul> <p>Questions 9. Details </p> <ul><li>Duccio di BuoninsegnaMaest, </li></ul> <ul><li>1308-1311 </li></ul> <ul><li>Tempera on wood </li></ul> <ul><li>Guiliano Bugiardini </li></ul> <ul><li>Madonna and Child with St. John,1510 </li></ul> <ul><li>Oil on panel </li></ul>