Humanism in Renaissance Art

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  • 1. Kris Jacobson CIL 505 8/4/11 Adapted from Renaissance Connection

2. How Humanism Changes Renaissance Art

  • Changes in art illustrate changes in the Renaissance view of people and their place in the world.

3. Middle Ages

  • Middle Ages last from the 3rd Century through the 13 thCentury
  • Learning is centered around the church and religion
  • Artistic subjects are religious

4. Art in the Middle Ages

  • Most art has religious subjects
  • Figures always wear clothes
  • Saintshavehalos
  • The size of figures reflects their importance ( hieratic scale )
  • Background is often gold, representing heaven
  • Figures are represented ideally, not as individuals
  • Usedtempera(egg-based) paints

Jacopa di Cione Madonna and Child in Glory 1360/65 Tempera and gold on panel 5.

  • Begins in the 14 thCentury
  • People begin to read the literature ofClassicalGreece and Rome
  • People begin learning about government, philosophy and art from theseClassicalwritings
  • People began to study the natural world, astronomy, math, and engineering
  • Humans and their relationship to the world become a major focus of art, science, and literature
  • Artists created works outside of the church and began to sign their own works.

Renaissance 6. Art in the Renaissance

  • Saintsare depicted as more human
  • Saintsare the same size as humans
  • Halosfade andeventually disappear
  • Naturallandscapeis used as background
  • Perspectiveis used to create the appearance of 3 dimensions
  • Oil paintgives a more natural appearance of light and shadow and texture

Giovanni Agostino da Lodi Adoration of the Shepherds About 1505 Oil on wood panel 7. Compare the Two Paintings 8.

  • Do the artists usehieratic scale ?
  • How are thehalosdifferent in each painting?
  • Do thelandscapeslook true to life in each picture? Why or why not?
  • How do the artists represent distance in each painting?
  • Can you tell if the artists usedtemperaoroil paints ?

Questions 9. Details

  • Duccio di BuoninsegnaMaest,
  • 1308-1311
  • Tempera on wood
  • Guiliano Bugiardini
  • Madonna and Child with St. John,1510
  • Oil on panel

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