Human foods you should NOT feed your dog
Post on 07-Nov-2014
DESCRIPTIONCommon foods we can eat that might harm your canine friend!
Human foods you should NOT feed your dogChocolateKeep those uneaten Easter eggs out of reach! Chocolate contains theobromine and caffeine which dogs are sensitive to. The darkerand more bitter the chocolate, the more toxic it is. What will it do? It acts on the nervous system (hyperexcitability, tremors, seizures), gastrointestinal system (vomiting, diarrhoea) and heart (increased rate and abnormal rhythm). Increased thirst, urination and lethargy may also be seen. Death can follow if a toxic dose is eaten. What can be done? Induction of vomiting if recently ingested. Severe cases with delayed veterinary care may require supportive treatment to control tremors, support heart function and flush and bind the toxins (intravenous fluids, assisted bladder emptying, medications).
Onions, garlicCheck your table scraps! These flavoursome additions to our food can be harmful to our pets. Garlic is more potent than onion and concentrated onion and garlic powdered products are more potent than the raw vegetables. Too much of these can cause damage to your dogs red blood cells. What happens? It can cause anaemia (low red blood cells), increased respiratory and heart rate, pale gums, depression and lethargy. What can we do? Induction of vomiting if recently eaten, binding and flushing with certain medications and provision of anti-oxidant therapy. Blood transfusions and supplemental oxygen might be necessary in severe cases.
Grapes and raisinsSome dogs have a bad reaction to these vine-grown fruits so are best avoided. They can cause kidney damage. What will happen? Within 24 hours vomiting, inappetence, diarrhoea, lethargy, abdominal pain. Kidney failure may progress days to weeks later. How can we treat this? If recently eaten, vomiting is induced and binding medications, intravenous fluids and gastric protectants will be supportive. Blood tests are necessary to assess kidney function.
Macadamia nutsThese native Australian nuts, both raw and cooked, are toxic to dogs. What signs will I see? Macadamias affect the nervous system, joints and muscles causing limb weakness, depression, joint pain and swelling and sometimes vomiting and fever.
What do we do if my dog does indeed eat some macadamia nuts? Induction of vomiting if the nuts were recently eaten and binding agents, enemas and supportive care (pain relief, intravenous fluids) are provided as necessary. Symptoms generally resolve over 24-48 hours.
Mouldy foodMouldy foods contain mycotoxins in various amounts and potencies. Signs seen include: muscle tremors and convulsions What can be done to treat this? Induction of vomiting, medications that attempt to bind the toxins, anti-seizure medication and other supportive care.
Raw bread doughOnce in their belly, the dough will continue to rise to several times its original size and produce alcohol and gas during fermentation. What you might notice: gastrointestinal impact and alcohol poisoning will cause varying degrees of abdominal pain, bloating, vomiting/retching (productive or unproductive), incoordination, depression and collapse. Bowel obstruction and dilation may occur and twisting might follow (gastric dilitaion and volvulus (GDV)). What can we do? Induction of vomiting might help if recently eaten. Cold water might be used to flush the stomach and slow the rising of the dough. Intravenous fluids, abdominal surgery, heat therapy and close monitoring can be necessary.
Dairy products including cheese, milk, cream, ice cream, butter and yoghurtSome dogs are more sensitive to dairy products than others. They may be sensitive to lactose and/or various dairy proteins. What will we see? Diarrhoea, vomiting and abdominal pain may be seen. Allergic reactions are also possible and may cause the above gastrointestinal signs as well as skin problems (itchyness, rashes etc). What should we do? If any of the above signs are noticed, stop feeding dairy products to your dog and see your vet for symptomatic treatment.
High-fat foodsNo, I would not like fries with that! Oily foods, fatty meats and fat off-cuts, marrow bones (with marrow fat within the bones exposed), full-fat dairy products and baked goods can all cause problems in your dog. What will happen? Ongoing dietary inclusions of these foods can cause weight gain and subsequent liver, joint, metabolic and various other conditions. Sudden ingestion of large quantities can lead to
gastrointestinal upset and pancreatitis (bloating, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, depression, lethargy, collapse). What should be done? Stop feeding these foods and seek veterinary care. Vomiting may be induced if recently ingested and supportive care may be necessary if there are gastrointestinal and pancreatic signs. Pancreatitis can be a life-threatening condition in dogs.
BonesCooked bones are a definite no-no. These shatter when eaten and can lead to gastrointestinal injury, perforations and blockages. Raw bones can potentially cause problems if your dog ingests large quantities of the bone (blockages can occur) and dental problems such as fractured teeth may be seen. How do I know if there is a problem? Your dog might vomit, show signs of abdominal pain, depression, weakness, fever and have diarrhoea or constipation. Your dog might strain to pass faeces and any faeces passed may be dark brown-black or contain streaks of blood and possibly shards of cooked bone. How can we help? Depending on what signs your dog is showing, imaging (xrays, ultrasound, endoscope), blood tests, abdominal surgery and enemas (liquid and/or manual) may be necessary. Various gastrointestinal medications may be provided by your vet along with intravenous fluids, pain relief and antibiotics. Contact your local vet if you suspect/know that your dog has eaten any of these foods. Please do not medicate your pet without seeking veterinary advice first.