History: Middle Ages

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<ul><li> 1. Middle Ages (Gothic Era)<br /></li></ul> <p> 2. 3. Religion<br />*-Middle Ages Religion - The Rise of the Christian Religion in the Roman EraChristianity was seen as a threat to the Roman Empire as Christians refused to worship the Roman gods or the Emperor.. Emperor Constantine of the Roman Empire legalised Christianity and Constantine the Great proclaimed himself as an 'Emperor of the Christian people.<br />The lives of the medieval people of the Middle Ages were dominated by the church. From birth to death, whether you were a peasant, a serf, a noble a lord or a King - life was dominated by the church<br />Politics<br />What was the Cause for the Crusades?The reason for the crusades was a war between Christians and Moslems which centered around the city of Jerusalem. The City of Jerusalem held a Holy significance to the Christian religion by Pilgrims. In 1065 Jerusalem was taken by the Turks and 3000 Christians were massacred starting a chain of events which contributed to the cause of the crusades.<br />What were the Objectives of the Crusades?The Objectives of the crusades was at first to release the Holy Land, in particular Jerusalem, from the Saracens, but in time was extended to seizing Spain from the Moors, the Slavs and Pagans from eastern Europe, and the islands of the Mediterranean.<br /> 4. 5. 6. Politics/social class<br />Religious KnightsThe crusades saw the emergence of religious knights including the Knights Templar, the Teutonic knights and the Hospitallers. The members of the orders of Religious knights were both monks and knights; that is, to the monastic vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience they added a fourth vow, which bound them to protect pilgrims and fight the infidels.<br />Teutonic KnightsThe Teutonic Knights were a military-religious order of knights that restricted membership to Germans. Teutonic Knights were members of the order of the Teutonic Knights of the Hospital of the Blessed Virgin.<br />Knights HospitallerThe Knights Hospitaller were Knights of the Order of Saint John the Hospitaller who were also known by such names as Knights of Rhodes, Knights of Malta. The Hospitallers grew out of a brotherhood for the care of sick pilgrims in a hospital at Jerusalem following the First Crusade in 1100 AD.<br /> 7. Templar KnightsThe Middle Ages saw the emergence of a military order called the Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon. Their name was to become the Templar Knights, or the Knights Templar.<br />Middle Ages Feudalism - The Pyramid of PowerThe pyramid of power which was the Feudal system ran to a strict 'pecking' order - during the Medieval period of the Middle Ages everyone knew their place. The order of rank and precedence in the Medieval Feudal System was as follows:<br />The KingNoblesKnights ServantsPeasants <br /></p> <ul><li>was possible for everyone to move higher up the ranks of the pyramid of power</li></ul> <p> 8. Squires and Pages wanted to become knights. 9. Middle Ages Knight could become wealthy 10. His wealth could pay for a castle. 11. If his importance in the land increased it became possible for him to join the nobility. 12. The most powerful nobles aspired to be King - and the Medieval history of the Middle Ages under the feudalism pyramid describes such coups</p>