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Hayao Miyazaki is a famous animation director and manga artist. Growing up
on 5/1/1941, in Tokyo, during World War II. His career began in 1963 in the Toei
Douga studio. In 1971, He worked for A-pro studio. After 2 years, moving to
Nippon Animation. From 1978 to 2008 he made a lot of famous animation films:
Future Boy Conan (1978), Lupin the III: The Castle of Cagliostro (1979),
Nausicaa of the Valley of Wind (1984), Laputa: Castle in the Sky (1986), My
Neighbor Totoro (1988), Kikis Delivery Service (1989), Crimson Pig (1992),
Princess Mononoke (1997), Spirited Away (2001), Howls Moving Castle (2004)
and Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea (2008)
Hayao Miyazaki was born on 5 January 1941, in Tokyo. When he was a child, he enjoyed drawing airplanes that was influenced on animations and the reason was that his father - Katsuji (1915 - 1993) was a director of Miyazaki airplane. His mother fought against the disease - tuberculosis for 9 years. In addition, most of his female characters were based on his mother.
While watching the first Japanese colour cartoon Hakuja Den in 1958, he was interested in animation and intended to be a comic artist. He got dual degrees Politic science and economics from Gakushuin University. During this time, he worked for the Childrens Literature Research, which was supported useful knowledge for his career.
He was the famous Japanese
animation director and manga artist.
People called him as the Japanese
Walt Disney. In all his films, flying
scenes and airplanes always
appear. He loved drawing a pig in
some comic books and explained,
The behaviour of pigs is very similar
to human behaviour. I really like pigs
at heart, for their strengths as well as
their weaknesses. We look like pigs,
with our round bellies. Theyre close
to us. All his characters were created
from people who he knew in real life.
For example, in Spirited Away (2001),
the idea to make Chihiro was from
daughter of his friend
After graduating from Gakushuin
University, he had a job in Toei Douga
studio. His first project was Watchdog
Bow Wow anime film during practicing
in this studio. In 1964, Hayao became
the Chief Secretary of Toei Dougas
labor union. He worked at A-Pro in
1971, after 2 years, he moved to
In 1979, he produced his first movie
Lupin III TV series, after that becoming
as a chief instructor for new animators
at Telecom. In 1984, he succeeded in
Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind.
After this achievement, the new studio
Studio Ghibli was built in 1985.
WHERE & WHEN
When he watched the first Japanese
colour anime Hakuja Den, he fell in
love with making animation film and
Comic book. Therefore, he decided to
become a manga artist and director.
Also, his father who was a director of
Miyazaki airplane was the reason for
him to begin to draw especially
airplanes. Moreover, Paul Gtimault
who was the French animator, Yuri
Nordstein from Russia and Frederick
Bach from Canada were affected his
thinking and design.
W H Y
H O WMiyazakis Manga or anime story was an inspiration for some western authors,
such as Ursula K. Le Guin, Lewis Carroll, and Diana Wynne Jones because
his stories were variety and had a meaning message about humankind, nature,
ecology, human spirit and pollution. Also, Miyazaki and Jean Giraud the writer
and illustrator affected ideas and design each other but they respect their own
products. Therefore, 2004-2005, they had an exhibition of their own and co-
operative design. The name of this exhibition was Miyazaki et Moebius: Deux
Artistes Dont Les Dessins Prennent Vie (Two Artists Drawings Taking on a Life
of Their Own).
REFERENCE LIST1. IMDb, Biography for Hayao Miyazaki, http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0594503/bio
2. Steven Feldman, 24/6/94, HAYAO MIYAZAKI BIOGRAPHY, Revision 2, http://www.nau-
3. Minoru Matsutani, Tues 30/9/2008, HAYAO MIYAZAKI Japans greatest film
4. The boggle, 28/7/2011, The Influences of Hayao Miyazaki, http://we-are-ghibli.devian-
5. Tom Mes, 1/7/2002, Hayao Miyazaki, http://www.midnighteye.com/interviews/hayao_mi-
6. Xan Brooks, Wed 14/9/2005, A god among animators, http://www.guardian.co.uk/
HAYAO MIYAZAKIANDY - BANZ