From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., U.S. Navy (Ret.) Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans.

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<ul><li><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific StewardshipVice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., U.S. Navy (Ret.)Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans &amp; AtmosphereWVHTC Foundation RoundtableApril 13, 2007NOAAs Linkages to West Virginia</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>*</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>How do we carry out our Mission? People/ ResearchAircraft &amp; ShipsSatellites</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>NOAA in West VirginiaNOAA has Federal Employees and several contractors providing support and services to NOAA National Weather Service Forecast Office, CharlestonNational Weather Service Back up Supercomputer, FairmontNOAA Research, Air Resources Laboratory and Canaan Valley Institute PartnershipsClimate Data Modernization ProgramComprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Aquaculture and West VirginiaCommerce Secretary Gutierrez visited a WV fish hatchery yesterday, this hatchery produces safe seafood for U.S. consumersU.S. has an $8 billion seafood trade deficit81% of the seafood consumed in the U.S. is imported and 40% of those imports are farmedNeed more U.S. aquaculture, both coastal and inland, to meet growing demand for seafoodNOAA investments in aquaculture are coastal and offshore in the open ocean</p><p>Offshore aquaculture cages, raised for inspection. Kona, Hawaii</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Department of Commerce activities in West VirginiaThe Department of Commerce and EDA also are proud to have partnered with various organizations throughout West Virginia to promote economic development. Since 2001, EDA has awarded 120 investments totaling almost $48.2 million in West Virginia. These investments are predicted to lead to over $786 million in private sector investments which are expected to generate nearly 9,700 new jobs, and be a major catalyst in transforming West Virginia's economy. </p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Weather and climate related events affect 1/3 of the GNP, including every segment of our economyNOAA relies on supercomputers to provide the nation with continuous up-to-date forecastsForecasts are based on complex weather/climate models, requiring intensive calculationsBack up system in Fairmont fulfilled its mission during February 16, 2007 incidentNWS Fairmont Back UpSupercomputer</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Climate MonitoringNOAAS Air Resources Laboratory: Air quality research and monitoringAcid deposition; nitrogen depositionAmbient ozone levelsAcid deposition: Significant source of acidification in watersheds; excess nitrogen may cause a shift in natural balance of plant and animal life, leading to depleted levels of oxygen in lakes and streamsOzone: A powerful oxidizer, can damage plant and lung tissueClimate Station in WV Elkins, Canaan Valley Resort State Park (Cabins Area)</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>NOAA Air Resources Laboratory Canaan Valley Institute Research CollaborationNational Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP-AIRMoN)Global Energy Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX)FLUXNETClimate Reference Network (NOAA-CRN)Atmospheric Mercury ResearchPeriodic Intensive Field Studies</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Climate Reporting Through HistoryJeffersons Weather Observations July 1776 Ozonesonde LaunchSouth PoleApril 2005El Nino VisualizedDecember 1997CarbonTrackerMarch 2007</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Climate Data Modernization Program (CDMP)Preserving historical weather and climate records electronicallyEnables first-time access by scientific communityAllows data to be used within climate assessments Preserves global records that may have been lost forever if left on paperWVa key partner in CDMP1842 Hourly Weather Data from Washington, DC Imaged &amp; Digitized through CDMP </p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>WV &amp; CDMP: Results with ImpactData Management ActivitiesPreserving and rescuing historical records Ingesting newly observed data Processing data (Quality Control)Maintaining a long term and secure archive for dataMaintaining metadata (station location changes, sensor calibration coefficients, data formats, many others)Providing Access to data collectedWest Virginia partnership activities</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Next Generation SatellitesSatellites are critical to NOAAs current and future ability to fulfill our MissionGOES-R:NPOESS:Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-RNational Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Future of Data ArchivingNew satellites will generate a 10-fold increase in the amount of information seen today.Information must be archived in order to be useful to societyRequires a concerted effort of data archiving:Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System (CLASS)An advanced electronic library of NOAAs next generation environmental satellite data.Archive growth 1990 - 2005Major systems archive growth 2000 - 2015</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>The Future of Environmental Data AccessNOAA is the worlds repository for environmental informationCLASS is critical to the ongoing success of NOAAs data centers and access to NOAA satellite data:National Climatic Data CenterNational Geophysical Data CenterNational Oceanic Data CenterNational Coastal Data Development CenterCompanies in West Virginia provide CLASS development support since 2002</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Benefits of Innovation &amp; StewardshipProvide the right information, in the right format,at the right time,to the right people,to make the right decisions. </p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Questions?</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Backup Material</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Canaan Valley AIRMoN Wet Deposition Site (measures wet deposition of major ions, e.g., acid rain)Collection of precipitation for chemical analysisMeasurement of precipitation amount</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Canaan Valley GEWEX and FLUXNET Site(measures surface energy balance and surface exchange ofCO2 and water vapor, relevant for climate change research)GEWEX and FLUXNETshort-term intensive experiment measuring ozone fluxes</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Canaan Valley Climate Reference Network (CRN) Site (benchmark station measuring temperature, relative humidity and precipitation, providing data for climate change research)Measurement of precipitationMeasurement of temperature</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Underground bunker at GEWEX-FLUXNET-AIRMoN site where on-site chemical analysis is done</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p> Production Management BranchGovernment responsible for job flowIBM responsible for providing 99% System AvailabilitySystem Administration staffOn-site repairsSoftware support (Operating system, Cluster System Management, file system, job scheduler, compilers)Weather and Climate forecast codes Developed by the GovernmentPerformance tuning by IBMNWS Supercomputing System: Frost and Snow</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>High Performance Computing TechnologyGaithersburg and Fairmont Operations14 Tflops Linpack sustained per system144 Power 5+ Nodes2,304 processors (16 per node), 1.9 gigahertz speed) 4,608 gigabytes of shared memory 150 terabytes of disk space75 terabyte tape archive</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p></li><li><p>Product Generation PerformanceHighly Dependable &amp; Reliable</p><p>From Technology Innovation To Scientific Stewardship: NOAA's Linkages to West Virginia</p><p>Thank you for the kind introduction, Representative Mollohan. I appreciate that you invited me to speak to this esteemed group of technology leaders in your state.Thank you to the West Virginia High Technology Consortium Foundation for hosting us here today. Many thanks to Chairman Jim Estep for his efforts.I am happy to be here to discuss NOAAs work, its role in West Virginia, and the global impact of our work together. NOAA uses science and technology to achieve our mission, and WV has a role in that effort.The breadth of NOAAs mission These are some of examples of what NOAA does on a daily basis(descriptions of pictures from top to bottom)Beach scene represents NOS and coastal managementSatellite view of Earth represents NOAAArgo float deployment represents OARAquaculture represents NMFSStormy weather represents NWS P3 plane represents NMAO*Each of the dots on this map represent NOAA people and facilities across the country.NOAA has a broad range of resources across the country from its diversely skilled staff to its ships and airplanes to its research capabilities in the ocean and atmosphere, its satellites, and so much moreNOAA is spread throughout our nation we are in every state and territory from Maine to Guam. NOAAs mandate also covers the nations vast oceans and lakes.West Virginia plays a meaningful role in how we accomplish our mission.While NOAA only has a few federal employees in West Virginia (29), NOAA has several contracts with WV businesses to provide services to field offices and to support research activities in the state.Heres a list of how NOAA is engaged in West Virginia which I will detail in the next few slides.</p><p>Secretary Gutierrez visited the Mingo County fish hatchery yesterday. The hatchery uses water from a redeveloped coal mine to hatch Arctic Char, a cold water fish species with significant market potential. The hatchery has a capacity equivalent to more than two million pounds of saleable products each year. The U.S. has an $8 billion seafood trade deficit and is largely dependant on farmed seafood imported from other nations to meet our domestic demand. West Virginia companies are helping meet the demand. The U.S. aquaculture industry is about $1 billion but, the Administration and NOAA hope to expand that number by allowing open ocean aquaculture in Federal waters beyond three miles.NOAA has made significant investments for research on the culture of coastal and offshore shellfish, finfish, ornamental species, corals, and other marine species. The Administration has released its National Offshore Aquaculture Act of 2007, a bill to establish a regulatory framework for safe, sustainable marine aquaculture operations in Federal waters. </p><p>Picture Caption: Offshore aquaculture cages are raised to the surface for inspection at the Kona Blue Water Farm in Hawaii. The company raises Kona Kampachi, a native species, for commercial sale. </p><p>At approximately 3:00 PM local on Friday, 16 February the National Weather Service Primary Central Computer System suffered a failure of its disk system in the suburbs of Washington, DC. This computer is responsible for the core of NOAAs weather modeling operations that supports weather forecasting across the country. Due to the strong reliability of the backup system in Fairmont, WV, within 12 minutes, NOAAs weather models were up and running again. This was possible thanks to the strong backup system located across the street from this facility. Without the success of the backup system, NOAAs weather modeling operations would have been down for 6 hours, causing delays for weather data users here in the U.S. and abroad. This could have caused degraded afternoon and evening forecasts, and impacted the accuracy with which forecasters could predict the path of severe weather.In addition, the aviation community relies heavily on this weather information. Delays in that data can pose risks and impact aviation operations worldwide. Some facts about the computers:Gaithersburg and Fairmont Operations14 Tflops Linpack sustained per system144 Power 5+ Nodes2,304 processors (16 per node), 1.9 gigahertz speed) 4,608 gigabytes of shared memory 150 terabytes of disk space75 terabyte tape archive(Canaan = kuh-NANE (sounds like insane))NOAA has an important role in climate monitoring for the Nation. NOAA seeks to understand and describe climate variability and change to enhance society's ability to plan and respond.The Mid-Atlantic region is known to be adversely impacted by the atmospheric deposition of pollutants. The NOAA-ARL / CVI measurements in Canaan Valley are important because:They are typically the only network measurements of their kind in the region, providing a key role in filling what would be holes in several critical monitoring networksThey provide high-quality data that helps advance scientific understanding of climate change and other issues, on local, regional, national, and global scalesThe mid-Atlantic Highlands is an important ecosystem, with a number of potentially significant environmental impacts *Highlighted here are several critical NOAA Research programs that rely on West Virginia data and partnerships. National Atmospheric Deposition Program AIRMoN subnetworkMeasures wet deposition of major ions (e.g., Soil and stream acidification). The AIRMoN subnetwork of NADP is a small collection of sites providing research grade measurements and these sites also serve as a research/development testbeds for network improvementMeasures wet deposition of major ions (e.g., Soil and stream acidification )Global Energy Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX)Through a partnership with CVI and USFWS is part of international network observing energy and water exchange (highlighted in slide graphic).Part of international network observing energy and water exchange.FLUXNETIs part of national and international network observ...</p></li></ul>

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