Forbidden Planet

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<p>Forbidden PlanetFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia</p> <p>Forbidden Planet</p> <p>Film poster</p> <p>Directed by Produced by Screenplay by</p> <p>Fred M. Wilcox Nicholas Nayfack Cyril Hume Irving Block Allen Adler Walter Pidgeon Anne Francis</p> <p>Story by</p> <p>Starring</p> <p>Leslie Nielsen Warren Stevens Robby the Robot</p> <p>Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Box office</p> <p>Louis and Bebe Barron George J. Folsey Ferris Webster Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer April 1, 1956 98 minutes[1] United States English $4.9 million $23.5 million (United States)</p> <p>Forbidden Planet is a 1956 science fiction film[2][3] directed by Fred M. Wilcox, with a screenplay by Cyril Hume. It stars Walter Pidgeon, Anne Francis, and Leslie Nielsen. The characters and its setting have been compared to those in William Shakespeare's The Tempest,[4] and its plot contains certain story analogs. Forbidden Planet was the first science fiction film that was set entirely on another planet in deep space, away from the planet Earth.[5] It is considered one of the great science fiction films of the 1950s,[6] a precursor of what was to come for the science fiction film genre in the decades that followed. Forbidden Planet features special effects for which A. Arnold Gillespie, Irving G. Ries, and Wesley C. Miller were nominated for an Academy Award. It was the only major award nomination the film received. Forbidden Planet features the groundbreaking use of an all-electronic music musical score. It also featured "Robby the Robot", one of the first film robots that was more than just a mechanical "tin can" on legs; Robby displays a distinct personality and is a complete supporting character in the film.[7]</p> <p>Contents </p> <p>1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 4 Release o 4.1 Home media 5 Novelization 6 Soundtrack o 6.1 Track list</p> <p>7 Influence 8 Reception 9 Remake 10 See also 11 Notes 12 External links</p> <p>Plot</p> <p>Leslie Nielsen along with co-star Anne Francis in Forbidden Planet Early in the 23rd century, the United Planets Cruiser C57-D travels to the planet Altair IV, 16 light-years from Earth, to discover the fate of an expedition sent 20 years earlier. Soon after entering orbit, the cruiser receives a transmission from Dr. Edward Morbius, the expedition's linguist. He warns them to stay away, since he cannot guarantee their safety and that he needs no assistance. The starship's captain, Commander John J. Adams, insists on landing anyway. They are met by Robby the Robot, who takes Adams, Lieutenant Jerry Farman, and Lieutenant "Doc" Ostrow to Morbius's home. There, Morbius explains that an unknown "planetary force" killed nearly everyone and vaporized their starship as the survivors tried to flee the planet. Only Morbius, his wife (who later died of natural causes), and their daughter Altaira were somehow immune to this force. Morbius fears that the C57D and its crew will meet the same fate. Altaira is fascinated to meet other men after only knowing her father her entire life. Later the next night, equipment aboard the C57-D is sabotaged, though the sentries never spotted an intruder. Adams and Ostrow visit Morbius the following morning and learn that he has been studying the Krell, a highly advanced native species. The Krell mysteriously all died at once, 200,000 years before, just as they achieved their crowning scientific triumph. In a still functioning Krell laboratory, Morbius shows Adams and Ostrow a device he calls the "plastic educator," a machine capable of enhancing intellectual capacity; it displays three-dimensional thought projections. The Bellerophon's captain tried using the machine and was instantly killed. When Morbius first used the machine he barely survived, but also found his intellect had been doubled. The increased intelligence, along with information from a Krell "library," enabled him to build Robby and the other technological advances in his house. Morbius then takes them on a tour of a vast cubeshaped underground Krell complex, 20 miles [30 km] on a side and powered by 9,200 thermonuclear reactors.</p> <p>In response to the sabotage, Adams orders a defensive force field fence to be deployed around the ship. This proves useless when the intruder returns undetected and murders Chief Engineer Quinn. Dr. Ostrow is confused by a casting made from one of the large footprints the intruder left behind; its features appear to violate all known evolutionary laws. When the intruder returns again, the C57-Ds crew discovers it is invisible, though its shape is outlined by the energy from the force field fence and any weapons fired at it, though they have no effect. Several of the crew are killed, including Farman. At the same moment Morbius is awakened from a nightmare while in the Krell laboratory by Altaira's screaming, while back at the ship the creature immediately vanishes. Later, while Adams distracts Morbius, Ostrow sneaks away to use the educator, and he is severly injured. Just before he dies, Ostrow explains to Adams that the underground installation was built to materialize any object the Krell could imagine and send it anywhere on the planet. However, Ostrow realizes the Krell had forgot one thing: "Monsters from the id! Monsters from the subconscious." When confronted by Adams, Morbius objects, pointing out that there are no Krell left. Adams points out that Morbius's mind expanded by the "plastic educator" recreated the same creature that killed the original expedition, but Morbius refuses to believe it. When Altaira declares her love for Adams in defiance of her father's wishes, the monster approaches the house. Morbius commands Robby to kill it, but the robot knows the creature is an extension of his master. The conflict with his programming to never harm humans forces him to deactivate. The monster attacks and eventually melts down the indestructible doors of the Krell laboratory where Adams, Altaira, and Morbius are hiding. Morbius finally accepts the truth: The creature is an extension of his own mind, "his evil self". He is fatally injured trying to drive the creature away, and the monster disappears. Morbius directs Adams to activate a self-destruct mechanism; he warns them that they must be 100 million miles away within 24 hours. From deep space, Adams, Altaira, Robby, and the rest of the crew witness the destruction of the star Altair and its entire planetary system.</p> <p>Cast</p> <p>Near the ship, First Officer Lt. Jerry Farman converses with Dr Morbius' daughter, Altaira.</p> <p>The crew works on jury-rigged communications circuits. Ostrow is in the middle, with Adams and Quinn on the right. </p> <p>Walter Pidgeon as Dr. Edward Morbius Anne Francis as Altaira "Alta" Morbius Leslie Nielsen as Commander John J. Adams Robby the Robot as Himself Warren Stevens as Lt. "Doc" Ostrow Jack Kelly as Lt. Jerry Farman Richard Anderson as Chief Quinn Earl Holliman as Cook George Wallace Steve Bob Dix as Grey Jimmy Thompson as Youngerford James Drury as Strong Harry Harvey, Jr. as Randall Roger McGee as Lindstrom Peter Miller as Moran Morgan Jones as Nichols Richard Grant as Silvers Frankie Darro, the stuntman inside Robby the Robot (uncredited) Marvin Miller, voice of Robby the Robot (uncredited) Les Tremayne as the Narrator (uncredited) James Best as a C57-D crewman (uncredited) William Boyett as a C57-D crewman (uncredited)</p> <p>Production</p> <p>United Planets Cruiser C-57D lands on Altair's 4th planet.</p> <p>Id Monster plaster cast of footprint, and outlined in electric field and blaster rays The screen story by Irving Block and Allen Adler, written in 1952, was originally titled Fatal Planet. The later screenplay draft by Cyril Hume renamed the film Forbidden Planet, because this was believed to have greater box-office appeal.[8] Block and Adler's drama took place in the year 1976 on the planet Mercury. An Earth expedition headed by John Grant was sent to the planet to retrieve Dr. Adams and his daughter Dorianne, who have been stranded there for twenty years. From then on, its plot is roughly the same as that of the completed film, though Grant is able to rescue both Adams and his daughter and escape the invisible monster stalking them. The film sets were constructed on a Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) sound stage at its Culver City film lot and were designed by Cedric Gibbons and Arthur Longeran. The film was shot entirely indoors, with all the Altair IV exterior scenes simulated using sets, visual effects, and matte paintings. A full-size mock-up of roughly three-quarters of the C57-D starship was built to suggest its full width of 170 ft (51 m). The ship was surrounded by a huge, painted cyclorama featuring the desert landscape of Altair IV; this one set took up all of the available space in one of the Culver City sound stages. Forbidden Planet is the first science fiction film in which humans are depicted traveling in a starship of their own construction.[9]</p> <p>The Great Machine, dwarfing the three men walking on the platform. Later, C57-D models, special effects shots, and the full-size set details were reused in several different episodes of the television series The Twilight Zone, which were filmed by CBS at the same MGM studio location in Culver City. At a cost of roughly $125,000, Robby the Robot was very expensive for a single film prop at this time.[10] Both the electrically controlled passenger vehicle driven by Robby and the truck/tractor-crane off-loaded from the C57-D starship were also constructed specially for this film. Robby the Robot later starred in the science fiction film The Invisible Boy and appeared in many TV series and films that followed; like the C57-D, Robby (and his passenger vehicle) appeared in various episodes of CBS' The Twilight Zone, usually slightly modified for each appearance.</p> <p>The animated sequences of Forbidden Planet, especially the attack of the "Id Monster", were created by the veteran animator Joshua Meador,[11] who was loaned out to MGM by Walt Disney Pictures. According to a "Behind the Scenes" featurette on the film's DVD, a close look at the creature shows it to have a small goatee beard, suggesting its connection to Dr. Morbius, the only character with this physical feature; the bellowing, now visible Id monster, caught in the crewman's high-energy beams during the attack, is a direct reference to and visual pun on MGM's familiar roaring mascot Leo the Lion, seen at the very beginning of Forbidden Planet and the studio's other films of the era.</p> <p>ReleaseForbidden Planet was first released on April 1, 1956, across the United States of America in CinemaScope and Metrocolor, and with stereophonic sound in some cinemas (either by the magnetic or Perspecta processes). The premiere of Forbidden Planet in Hollywood was at Grauman's Chinese Theatre, and Robby the Robot was on display in the lobby. Forbidden Planet ran every day at Grauman's Theater through the following September. The film earned rentals of $1.6 million in North America in 1956.[12] Forbidden Planet was re-released in film theaters during 1972 as one of the "Kiddie Matinee" features of MGM, with about six minutes of film footage cut to ensure that it received a "G" rating from the Motion Picture Association of America.[9] Video releases feature the "G" rating; however, they are all uncut.</p> <p>Home mediaForbidden Planet was first sold in the pan and scan format on MGM VHS and Betamax Video tapes in 1982, then was re-issued again by MGM/UA on widescreen VHS for the film's 40th anniversary in 1996. The film was also released on laser disc the same year by MGM/UA and later in its original CinemaScope widescreen format from The Criterion Collection. The Warner Bros. company next released it on DVD in 1999. (MGM's catalog of films had been sold to AOL-Time Warner by Turner Entertainment and MGM/UA in 1998. Their version came with both the standard and original widescreen format on the same disc.)</p> <p>Warren Stevens, Richard Anderson and Earl Holliman at San Diego Comic Con July 2006 Photograph by Patty Mooney</p> <p>For the film's 50th anniversary, the Ultimate Collector's Edition was released on November 28, 2006 in an oversized red metal box, using the original movie poster for its cover. Both DVD and high definition HD DVD formats were available in this deluxe package. Inside both premium packages were the films Forbidden Planet and The Invisible Boy, The Thin Man episode "Robot Client" and a documentary Watch the Skies!: Science Fiction, The 1950s and Us. Also included were miniature lobby cards and a 8 cm (3-inch) toy replica of Robby the Robot.[13] This was quickly followed by the release of the Forbidden Planet 50th Anniversary edition in both standard DVD and HD DVD packaging.[9] Both 50th anniversary formats were mastered by Warner Bros. MGM techs from a fully restored, digital transfer of the film.[14] A Blu-ray Disc edition of Forbidden Planet was released on September 7, 2010.</p> <p>NovelizationAfter the film was released, a novelization quickly followed in both hardcover and mass-market paperback; it was written by W. J. Stuart (the mystery novelist Philip MacDonald writing under the pseudonym),[15] which chapters the novel into separate POV narrations by Dr. Ostrow, Commander Adams, and Dr. Morbius. The novel delves further into the mysteries of the vanished Krell and Morbius's relationship to them. In the novel, he repeatedly exposes himself to the Krell manifestation machine, which (as suggested in the film) boosts his brain power far beyond normal human intelligence. Unfortunately, Morbius retains enough of his imperfect human nature to be afflicted with hubris and a contempt for humanity. Not recognizing his own base primitive drives and limitations proves to be Morbius's downfall, as it had for the extinct Krell. While not stated explicitly in the film (although the basis of a deleted scene found on the film's 50th anniversary DVD), the novelization compared Altaira's ability to tame the tiger (until her sexual awakening with Commander Adams) to the medieval myth of a unicorn being tameable only by a virgin. The novel also clarifies an issue only hinted at in the film. When Dr. Ostrow dissects one of the Earth type animals, he discovers that its internal structure is altogether unlike that of any real animal. The tiger, the deer, the monkey are all conscious creations by Dr Morbius and only outwardly resemble these creatures. Since the Krell's Great Machine can project matter "in any form", it can create life. The Krells' destruction was, in part, punishment for appropriating the powers of God. This is why Commander Adams says in his closing speech "...we are, after all, not God". Anthony Boucher dismissed the novelization as "an abysmally banal job of hackwork."[16] Others[who?] rate the novel as being a fitting accompaniment to the film.</p> <p>SoundtrackForbidden Planet's innovative electronic music score, credited as "electronic tonalities" partly to avoid having to pay any of th...</p>