essay #4 lecture (f2f)
Embed Size (px)
ESSAY #4 – THE RESEARCH PAPER
English 111Instructor: Andrea Anderson
Your assignment is to write a 5 page APA-Style essay in which you argue your position on a contemporary issue using
ESSAY #4 ASSIGNMENT
GETTING STARTEDUNIT #4 PREPARATION
UNIT #4 PREPARATIONLook at the Assignment Sheet in the Unit #4 Folder in Blackboard.
UNIT #4 PREPARATIONPay attention to the deadlines on the assignment sheet. Make a timeline for yourself – and use it!
This assignment will keep you busy!
UNIT #4 PREPARATION
Relevant ChaptersRead Chapter 10 – Arguing a PositionRead Chapter 33 – ArguingRead Chapter 44 – Finding SourcesRead Chapter 45 – Evaluating SourcesRead Chapter 47 – Quoting, Paraphrasing, and SummarizingRead Chapter 48 – Acknowledging Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism Read Chapter 51 – APA Style
PRE-WRITINGBEGINNING THE WRITING PROCESS
GET STARTED WITH THE WRITING PROCESS
Pre-Writing Choose a Topic
ARGUE FOR YOUR POSITION ON AN ISSUE Argue: give
reasons or cite evidence in support of an idea, typically with the aim of persuading others to share one’s view.
Remember – While it is acceptable to disagree it is not acceptable to disrespect or insult others. State your argument in a respectful manner.
ARGUE FOR YOUR POSITION ON AN ISSUE
You choose the issue: it could be an issue local to your community or your state, or a national issue, or even a global issue.
CHOOSE AN ISSUE THAT INTERESTS YOU
Writing a research paper is work, but it doesn’t have to be a chore. It can be work that you enjoy pouring yourself into. You have the choice to write about something that reflects your opinions and interests.
CHOOSE A CONTEMPORARY ISSUE
CHOOSE AN ISSUE THAT IS RELEVANT. IN OTHER WORDS, PEOPLE ARE DISCUSSING THIS ISSUE TODAY!
DON’T WRITE ABOUT AN ISSUE THAT IS OUTDATED OR HAS ALREADY BEEN RESOLVED.
For example – Don’t argue that women should have the right to vote. Women do have the right to vote, and that issue was resolved in 1920. Examples:
Drilling in ANWR Changing the Driving Age
to 18 Legalizing Marijuana Stricter Gun Control Laws Legalizing Gay Marriage Banning Aerial Wolf
CHOOSE A CONTEMPORARY ISSUE
OTHER POSSIBLE TOPICS
GMO Labeling Sex Education Cell Phone Use While
Driving School Uniforms In-Vitro Fertilization Capital Punishment Mandatory
Immunizations Breed Specific Dog Bans
CHOOSE A TOPIC
The most important thing to consider when choosing a topic is:
What interests you?
Make sure that you pick a topic that is ARGUABLE. Other people must be
able to DISAGREE with you and present evidence to counter your argument.
CHOOSE A TOPIC THAT IS ARGUABLE
Some claims are NOT arguable because they are completely subjective. Do NOT pick a topic that is:
A matter of taste or opinion Example = Sauerkraut is disgusting. Example = Paris is the most beautiful city in Europe.
Factual Example = The first Star Wars movie came out in
1977. Example = Alaska is the largest state in the USA.
Based on belief or faith There is life after death.
AN ISSUE ALWAYS HAS TWO SIDES. YOU HAVE TO PICK ONE!
AFTER YOU PICK A TOPIC, YOU NEED TO TAKE A POSITION
All arguable issues have TWO sides. You need to pick ONE!
EXAMPLE: Topic = Drilling in ANWR Position = Pick one
AFTER YOU TAKE A POSITION,YOU NEED GOOD REASONS FOR YOUR STANCE.
Having a position doesn’t make an argument.
You need reasons for taking your position.EXAMPLE:Topic: Changing the legal driving age to 18.Stance: For changing the legal driving age to 18.Reasons:
1. Many accidents are caused by young, inexperienced drivers.2. Insurance rates would go down in less young drivers caused
accidents.3. Parents could better supervise their children if they can’t drive
AFTER YOU CHOOSE A TOPIC,IT IS TIME TO RESEARCH.
You need to offer evidence to support your reasons for your stance.
You must use at least 4 ACADEMIC JOURNAL ARTICLES as sources in your paper. Academic sources are found through the UAA or
KPC Library website on the Academic Search Premier search engine.
http://www.kpc.alaska.edu/KRC/library/ From the library website, click on the link for Article and
Journal Databases. Your journal articles must be published during or after
Watch the videos on research, Academic Search Premier, and evaluating sources in the Unit #4 Folder to find out more information.
Research for background information What is the (brief) history your topic and why is
this issue relevant today?
Research for Evidence (to support your reasons)
Look for facts, statistics, expert testimony, case studies, and anecdotal and/or textual evidence.
Research other opinions You need to acknowledge and consider other
opinions and refute them in your writing.
Edit and RevisePublish
AFTER PRE-WRITINGCONTINUE THROUGH THE WRITING PROCESS
AFTER PRE-WRITING… CONTINUE THROUGH THE WRITING PROCESS
Write 5 Complete Pages APA-Style Reference
Page Cite All Your Sources
Use APA-Style in-text citations and a reference page
Edit and Revise Publish
WRITING - ARGUING
Aside from choosing good reasons for your stance and researching for convincing evidence to support your reasons, you need to establish a trustworthy tone. Argue: give reasons or cite evidence in
support of an idea, typically with the aim of persuading others to share one’s view.
The way you argue your point will determine whether or not the reader trusts you.
ESTABLISHING A TRUSTWORTHY TONE The way you argue your point will
determine whether or not the reader trusts you. Arguing sounds forceful, which your paper
should not be. A forceful paper will alienate readers. A better term might be persuading.
Give your readers information that leads them to your conclusion, but allows them to feel like they are making their own decisions on the issue.
HOW TO ESTABLISH A TRUSTWORTHY TONE
Show the reader that you have thoroughly researched your topic.
Present your argument in an evenhanded way. Carefully and fairly consider other opinions on
the issue. Appropriately qualify all claims you make. Avoid fallacies – aka faulty reasoning.
Be sure to read the PDF on avoiding common fallacies.
Don’t use the word I – not even once
WRITE: 5 COMPLETE PAGES You need to provide at least three of your own reasons for
your stance, as well as two reasons for the opposing stance and why you can refute it.
Your paper should be organized like this:
Paragraph #1Introduce the issue and state your thesis
Paragraph #2Provide background information
Paragraph #3Give the first reason with evidence to
Give the second reason with evidence to supportParagraph #5
Acknowledge and/or refute opposing argumentParagraph #6
Acknowledge and/or refute opposing argument[Continue this pattern as needed]Final Paragraph – Conclusion
CITE YOUR SOURCES USING APA STYLE You will give reasons
for your position on your issue. You will research evidence to support your reasons.
You need to give credit to your sources by providing accurate in-text citations and a reference page in the APA Style.
Read Chapter 51 on APA Style and watch the APA Lecture in the Essay #4 Folder.
PEER REVIEWGET FEEDBACK ABOUT YOUR WRITING FROM YOUR PEERS.
Like each previous paper, there will be a peer review.
However, this peer review will be held online. You can work from anywhere you have a reliable internet connection. You do not have to come to campus to participate.
The peer review will be on Monday, December 2.
Specific directions for the peer review will be posted on Blackboard and given in class on Monday, November 25.
EDIT AND REVISE
Revise Look at the advise that your classmates gave you during the peer
review. Make the changes that you feel will improve your paper. Two pieces of ADVICE:
#1: Give yourself plenty of time to revise. If you can, get away from your writing for a little while. When you return refreshed, you will be more likely to catch errors and digressions.
#2: Remember to make sure that this is a reader-centered paper not a writer-centered paper. In other words, detach yourself from your paper and revise it to assure that everything is clear and belongs on the page. Just because you spent time writing it, doesn’t mean it belongs in your final draft. If it doesn’t, erase it.
Edit Check your paper for proper grammar, punctuation, and usage. Check your paper and citations for proper APA formatting.
USE YOUR RESOURCES…OWL @ KPC
OWL is the online writing lab at KPC. You can submit your paper to the OWL and get feedback from KPC faculty. You let them know specifically what you would like help with! http://owl.kpc.alaska.edu
PUBLISH YOUR PAPER = TURN IT IN
DUE DATE: MONDAY, DECEMBER 9 The final draft of this
paper is due Monday, December 9.
YOU WILL SUBMIT YOUR FINAL DRAFT IN BLACKBOARD. There will be a drop box for you to upload your papers in the Writing Essay #4 Folder.
The final draft is worth LOTS of points!
Turn it in on time! LATE PAPERS WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED.
A NOTE ABOUT ESSAY #4
Be sure that you turn in your best possible work.
This is the last essay of the semester and is a significant portion of your final grade.
YOU CANNOT REVISE THIS PAPER AFTER YOU TURN IT IN.
Presentation Days - Monday, December 9 and Wednesday, December 11 Each student will give a short 5 minute
presentation on his/her research paper. I will pass out complete guidelines in class. Part of your presentation grade is based on
being a good audience member. You must be present both days to receive
credit for your presentation.
Paper = 175 points Presentation = 25 points Peer Review = 25 points
TOTAL = 225 points
This assignment is worth almost 25% of your total grade.
If you have any questions regarding this assignment, please don’t hesitate to email me or visit office hours.
Be sure that you detail exactly what it is that you don’t understand or would like help with.
LECTURE: THE END