environmental portraiture student ppts

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  • 1. Environmental PortraitureStudent PowerPoints.

2. Cindy ShermanPortrait photography 3. BiographySource of information :http://www.moma.org/visit/calendar/exhibitions/1170Cindy Sherman (American, b. 1954) is widely recognized as one of the most important and influential artists incontemporary art. Throughout her career, she has presented a sustained, eloquent, and provocative exploration of theconstruction of contemporary identity and the nature of representation, drawn from the unlimited supply of imagesfrom movies, TV, magazines, the Internet, and art history. Working as her own model for more than 30 years, Shermanhas captured herself in a range of guises and personas which are at turns amusing and disturbing, distasteful andaffecting. To create her photographs, she assumes multiple roles of photographer, model, makeup artist, hairdresser,stylist, and wardrobe mistress. With an arsenal of wigs, costumes, makeup, prosthetics, and props, Sherman has deftlyaltered her physique and surroundings to create a myriad of intriguing tableaus and characters, from screen siren toclown to aging socialite.Bringing together more than 170 photographs, this retrospective survey traces the artists career from the mid 1970s tothe present. Highlighted in the exhibition are in-depth presentations of her key series, including the groundbreakingseries "Untitled Film Stills" (197780), the black-and-white pictures that feature the artist in stereotypical female rolesinspired by 1950s and 1960s Hollywood, film noir, and European art-house films; her ornate history portraits (198990),in which the artist poses as aristocrats, clergymen, and milkmaids in the manner of old master paintings; and her larger-than-life society portraits (2008) that address the experience and representation of aging in the context of contemporaryobsessions with youth and status. The exhibition will explore dominant themes throughout Shermans career, includingartifice and fiction; cinema and performance; horror and the grotesque; myth, carnival, and fairy tale; and gender andclass identity. Also included are Shermans recent photographic murals (2010), which will have their American premiereat MoMA. 4. She tacks pictures of herself mainly dressedup in various characters. This picture iscentered, with a outside background. 5. To create her photographs, she assumes multiple roles of photographer, model,makeup artist, hairdresser, stylist and wardrobe mistress and has hitherto deftlyaltered her physique and surroundings to create a myriad of intriguing tableausand characters from siren to clown to aging socialite. 6. the black-and-white stills from unmade film noir productions in whichSherman played assorted vamps, imperilled victims and femmes fatales.Other rooms contained the macabre sex pictures in which amputated dollsand dildos take the place of humans; the vomit and shit-splattered stilllifes; "fashion shoots" where clothes and people seem conspicuous by theirabsence; a selection of sad-sack beauty queens and bit-part actors; riffs onart history and portraiture; and finally Shermans 2008 images of richsociety ladies, each with surgery scars and wrinkles visible under thecouture gowns and heavy foundation perhaps a metaphor for thestructural cracks that precipitated the financial crash. 7. Diane Arbus 8. BiographyPhotographer. Born Diane Nemerov on March 14, 1923, in New York, New York. Diane Arbus was one of themost distinctive photographers in the twentieth century, known for her eerie portraits and offbeat subjects.Her artistic talents emerged at a young age; she was created interesting drawings and paintings while in highschool. She married Allan Arbus in 1941 who taught her photography.Working with her husband, Diane Arbus started out in advertising and fashion photography. They becamequite a successful team with photographs appearing in such magazines as Vogue. In the late 1950s, she beganto focus on her own photography. To further her art, Arbus studied with photographer Lisette Model aroundthis time. She began to pursue taking photographs of people she found during her wanderings around NewYork City. She visited seedy hotels, public parks, a morgue, and other various locales. These unusual imageshad a raw quality and several of them found their way in the July 1960 issue of Esquire magazine. Thesephotographs were a spring board for more work for Arbus.By the mid-1960s, Diane Arbus was a well-established photographer, participating in shows at the Museum ofModern Art in New York among other places. She was known for going to great lengths to get the shots shewanted. She became friends with many other famous photographers, such as Richard Avedon and WalkerEvans.While professionally Arbus continued to thrive in the late 1960s, she had some personal challenges. Hermarriage ended in 1969, and she later struggled with depression. She committed suicide in her New Yorkapartment on July 26, 1971. Her work remains a subject of intense interest, and her life was part of the basisof the 2006 film, Fur, starring Nicole Kidman as Arbus. 9. Photographers Style Her style is voyeuristic, she photographs strange people in normalenvironments. All her photos are squareThe use of the flash in daylight on the streets was crucial to her photographs. Shewanted to avoid the situation where faces became dark because the backgroundbehind them was lighter. By using the flash Arbus did not have to manipulate peoplewho were backlit by turning them towards the sun light but instead could get themunblinking in the position they were. 10. Equipment she usedDiane Arbus often shot her images with a Rolleiflex medium format twinlens reflex that provided a square aspect ratio and wait level viewfinder.This allowed her to connect with subjects in ways that a standard eye levelviewfinder did not. 11. The photo shows a boy with his shoulderstrap hanging off awkwardly, as well asthis he is tensing his hands while holdinga toy grenade and pulling a strangecreepy face. 12. This is a photo of identical twinsstanding side by side in matchingcorduroy dresses. One is slightlysmiling and the other is slightlyfrowning which creates somediversity in the picture. 13. This photo was part of her UntitledSeries and were taken at theresidences for the mentally illbetween 1969 and 1971. This is aphoto of a girl with DownsSyndrome. The majority of theuntitled series remainedunpublished. 14. Tips and InspirationDiana Arbus has taught us that you should connect with your subjects and dont to photograph people that do look different. For example this image:- You would not normallyPhotograph this as some people believe it is controversialYou should always go places that you have never been,as you are more likely to find something interesting tophotograph.Your subjects are more important than the photos youare taking, without the subjects being who you arethere will not be an interesting part of the photograph. 15. Dryden Goodwin 16. BiographyDryden Goodwin is a British artist and photographer, born in1971, Bournemouth.His work ranges from video and photography, to sculpture andinstallation. Dryden combines draw in to his images to explorethe changing nature of our contact with people in public spacesand helps raise the issues associated with surveillance.The photographers Gallery, London co-commissioned Drydento produce a body of work in and around Soho, London,resulting in an exhibition and a substantial publication in late2008. 17. He took photographs of passers-by and blew them up large,scratching a series of lines across their faces.He used portraits of friends and family, overlaying pose tocreate images of fluctuation intensity. 18. These largerscalephotographs arethe first in an on-going seriessharing themethod oftracing the faceand head with acompass withthe smaller scaleCapture (2001)series. TheCradle seriespresents theseindividuals inlife-sizeproportions. 19. William 20. Eve ArnoldCassie and Jack 21. Biography Eve Arnold was born Eve Cohen on April 21 1912 inPhiladelphia, one of nine children. Her parents were RussianJews who had fled persecution. Although her father was arabbi and well-educated, he could find work only as a pedlar,and Eve grew up in poverty. Throughout her long career Eve Arnolds pictures werealways marked by understanding and compassion. She neverstrove for effect, and in the 1950s revelled in the advantagesthe new reportage had over studio-bound photographers. Itallowed her to show celebrities in spontaneous mood, and toachieve unusual levels of intimacy and trust with hersubjects, especially women. 22. Iconic image 23. Image Analysis Haiti 1954The image has tone and anemotional property becauseEve Arnold used levels oftrust to achieve a componentof intimacy in herphotographs which has beenher technique throughout hercareer including candidcelebrity photographygaining the trust ofHollywoods finest such asMarilyn Monroe. 24. Image AnalysisThis is a candidphotograph of MarilynMonroe, the imagecontains various colorsand texture as well asgeometrical line. Thiscaptures what she maylook like as she is havingsome time to herself andan insight in to the sort ofthing she enjoyed. 25. Image AnalysisThis is a controversial photo taken in Virginia 1958 where black andwhite children are introduced in schools for the first time at the openingof new mixed schools. The photograph is iconic as well as interestingshowing the tension between the two subjects creating the viewer to feelawkward. 26. Style of the Photographer Arnold increasingly alternated betweencolour features on peoples daily lives andglamorous silver screen portraits. Eve Arnold was a single-minded anddetermined documentary photographer,and a portraitist who won the trust of herfamous subjects. Although she worked for all the greatcolour picture magazines, then in theirheyday, her preference stayed with black-and-white. Visual examples would be the manyshot