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PUBLIC REVIEW DRAFT July 2009

Department of Transportation Services City & County of Honolulu

PUBLIC REVIEW DRAFT July 2009

Department of Transportation Services City & County of Honolulu

Prepared by:

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS1 Introduction ................................................................................................... 1-1 1.1 Overview .................................................................................................................1-1 1.2 Plan Development .................................................................................................1-2 1.3 Plan Organization ..................................................................................................1-5 Vision, Goals, Objectives ................................................................................ 2-1 2.1 Vision .......................................................................................................................2-1 2.2 Goals and Objectives ............................................................................................2-2 Encouragement, Engineering, Education, Enforcement, Evaluation ................ 3-1 3.1 Encouragement ......................................................................................................3-2 3.2 Engineering .............................................................................................................3-2 3.2.1 Maintenance ..............................................................................................3-3 3.2.2 Traffic Control Devices ..........................................................................3-3 3.2.3 Subdivision Street Standards ..................................................................3-5 3.3 Education ................................................................................................................3-5 3.4 Enforcement ...........................................................................................................3-6 3.5 Evaluation ...............................................................................................................3-7 3.6 Other Policy Initiatives .........................................................................................3-8 3.6.1 Safe Routes to School ..............................................................................3-8 3.6.2 Complete Streets ......................................................................................3-8 Support Facilities ............................................................................................ 4-1 4.1 Parking .....................................................................................................................4-1 4.2 Showers/Changing Rooms ..................................................................................4-2 4.3 Transit Integration .................................................................................................4-3 Bikeway Network ........................................................................................... 5-1 5.1 Existing Network ...................................................................................................5-2 5.2 Planned Facilities ...................................................................................................5-3 5.2.1 Project Prioritization and Methodology ...............................................5-3 5.2.2 Projected Costs ...................................................................................... 5-23 Implementation and Benchmarks ................................................................... 6-1 References ..................................................................................................... 7-1

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DRAFT Oahu Bike Plan

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Table of Contents

FIGURES 1 Ewa and Waianae ........................................................................................................... 5-17 2 Central Oahu and Ewa .................................................................................................. 5-18 3 Honolulu ............................................................................................................................ 5-19 4 Downtown Honolulu/UH/Waik!k! .............................................................................. 5-20 5 Koolau Poko and Koolau Loa ..................................................................................... 5-21 6 North Shore ...................................................................................................................... 5-22 TABLES 1 City Parks Bike Parking Standard .....................................................................................4-2 2 Existing O"ahu Bikeways ....................................................................................................5-2 3 Service Classes .....................................................................................................................5-4 4 Overview of Planned O"ahu Bikeways .............................................................................5-4 5 Planned O"ahu Bikeway Projects ......................................................................................5-6 6 Projected City Costs for Future Network ..................................................................... 5-23 7 Plan Benchmarks .................................................................................................................6-2 APPENDIX A Oahu Bike Plan Technical Reports listing ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS AASHTO BFB BFC C CDC City CO DDC DFM DOT DP DPP DTS EH F FTE GIS HBL HPD HTAii

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Bicycle Friendly Business Bicycle Friendly Community City Centers for Disease Control and Prevention City and County of Honolulu Central Oahu City Department of Design and Construction City Department of Facility Maintenance State Department of Transportation Development Plan City Department of Planning and Permitting City Department of Transportation Services East Honolulu Federal full time equivalent geographic information system Hawai"i Bicycling League Honolulu Police Department Hawaii Tourism AuthorityDRAFT Oahu Bike Plan

Table of Contents

HVCB KL KP L LAB LEED MACB MUTCD NS P PSA PUC Pv R SB SRTS St SUP W

Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau Ko"olau Loa Ko"olau Poko Lane League of American Bicyclists Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Mayors Advisory Committee on Bicycling Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices North Shore Path public service announcement Primary Urban Center Private Route Shoulder Bikeway Safe Routes to School State shared use path Waianae

DRAFT Oahu Bike Plan

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DRAFT Oahu Bike Plan

1 Introduction

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Introduction

Oahu is at an important juncture in its growth and development, with an opportunity to transform into a highly livable community where public spaces are actively used, and there are safe, convenient, accessible, and attractive transportation options. The Oahu Bike Plan provides a strategy for better integrating bicycling into the City and County of Honolulus (Citys) transportation system. It provides an array of important policy and program recommendations and identifies an integrated network of on-road bike lanes and routes and off-road paths that will link people with their favorite and most visited destinations. There is great potential for bicycles to become a significant transportation mode for Oahu and this Plan provides a guide for becoming a bicycle-friendly community.

Ka!a!awa coastline

Photo: HBL

Excessive speeds and the danger resulting from these speeds have fundamentally changed the way our children can enjoy their neighborhood streets. Many parents and schools prohibit their children from riding bicycles to school due to safety concerns. All of Oahus residents should feel safe on our streets. It is time to promote the practice of Kamehameha I's Law of the Splintered Paddle-the right of all people to be safe on our roadways.

Societal Trends. Several contemporary

1.1

Overview

Need for Bike Planning. Oahus physical

beauty, mild year-round climate, and relatively flat coastal plain make it ideal for bicycle transportation. In spite of this, many of our residents are reluctant to use bicycles even for short tripswhy? Well, like many places in the U.S., Oahu has matured as a place dominated by the private automobile, to the detriment of alternative travel modes such as walking, bicycling, and transit. Increasingly, this auto-dependence may affect our quality of life. While the auto provides an important means to move around the island, increasing congestion is making it difficult, time consuming, and expensive to use.

trends and factors influenced the development of the Oahu Bike Plan and point to the need to be a bicycle-friendly community. Among these are public health, livable communities, sustainable mobility, unstable fossil fuel costs, and major planned improvements to the islands transportation system (see diagram).

Many facets of a Bicycle-Friendly Community DRAFT Oahu Bike Plan1-1

1 Introduction

Honolulu should invest in sensible alternative transportation modes that are sustainable, tread lightly on our natural environment, and yield significant health benefits. There is, however, no single panacea. The investment strategy must be built on several wellintegrated legs including transit, pedestrian and bicycle facilities, and the automobile. The strategy must also institutionalize the commitment, at all levels of government, to move toward a post auto