Draft Bike Plan_revised

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<p>PUBLIC REVIEW DRAFT July 2009</p> <p>Department of Transportation Services City &amp; County of Honolulu</p> <p>PUBLIC REVIEW DRAFT July 2009</p> <p>Department of Transportation Services City &amp; County of Honolulu</p> <p>Prepared by:</p> <p>Table of Contents</p> <p>TABLE OF CONTENTS1 Introduction ................................................................................................... 1-1 1.1 Overview .................................................................................................................1-1 1.2 Plan Development .................................................................................................1-2 1.3 Plan Organization ..................................................................................................1-5 Vision, Goals, Objectives ................................................................................ 2-1 2.1 Vision .......................................................................................................................2-1 2.2 Goals and Objectives ............................................................................................2-2 Encouragement, Engineering, Education, Enforcement, Evaluation ................ 3-1 3.1 Encouragement ......................................................................................................3-2 3.2 Engineering .............................................................................................................3-2 3.2.1 Maintenance ..............................................................................................3-3 3.2.2 Traffic Control Devices ..........................................................................3-3 3.2.3 Subdivision Street Standards ..................................................................3-5 3.3 Education ................................................................................................................3-5 3.4 Enforcement ...........................................................................................................3-6 3.5 Evaluation ...............................................................................................................3-7 3.6 Other Policy Initiatives .........................................................................................3-8 3.6.1 Safe Routes to School ..............................................................................3-8 3.6.2 Complete Streets ......................................................................................3-8 Support Facilities ............................................................................................ 4-1 4.1 Parking .....................................................................................................................4-1 4.2 Showers/Changing Rooms ..................................................................................4-2 4.3 Transit Integration .................................................................................................4-3 Bikeway Network ........................................................................................... 5-1 5.1 Existing Network ...................................................................................................5-2 5.2 Planned Facilities ...................................................................................................5-3 5.2.1 Project Prioritization and Methodology ...............................................5-3 5.2.2 Projected Costs ...................................................................................... 5-23 Implementation and Benchmarks ................................................................... 6-1 References ..................................................................................................... 7-1</p> <p>2</p> <p>3</p> <p>4</p> <p>5</p> <p>6 7</p> <p>DRAFT Oahu Bike Plan</p> <p>i</p> <p>Table of Contents</p> <p>FIGURES 1 Ewa and Waianae ........................................................................................................... 5-17 2 Central Oahu and Ewa .................................................................................................. 5-18 3 Honolulu ............................................................................................................................ 5-19 4 Downtown Honolulu/UH/Waik!k! .............................................................................. 5-20 5 Koolau Poko and Koolau Loa ..................................................................................... 5-21 6 North Shore ...................................................................................................................... 5-22 TABLES 1 City Parks Bike Parking Standard .....................................................................................4-2 2 Existing O"ahu Bikeways ....................................................................................................5-2 3 Service Classes .....................................................................................................................5-4 4 Overview of Planned O"ahu Bikeways .............................................................................5-4 5 Planned O"ahu Bikeway Projects ......................................................................................5-6 6 Projected City Costs for Future Network ..................................................................... 5-23 7 Plan Benchmarks .................................................................................................................6-2 APPENDIX A Oahu Bike Plan Technical Reports listing ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS AASHTO BFB BFC C CDC City CO DDC DFM DOT DP DPP DTS EH F FTE GIS HBL HPD HTAii</p> <p>American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Bicycle Friendly Business Bicycle Friendly Community City Centers for Disease Control and Prevention City and County of Honolulu Central Oahu City Department of Design and Construction City Department of Facility Maintenance State Department of Transportation Development Plan City Department of Planning and Permitting City Department of Transportation Services East Honolulu Federal full time equivalent geographic information system Hawai"i Bicycling League Honolulu Police Department Hawaii Tourism AuthorityDRAFT Oahu Bike Plan</p> <p>Table of Contents</p> <p>HVCB KL KP L LAB LEED MACB MUTCD NS P PSA PUC Pv R SB SRTS St SUP W</p> <p>Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau Ko"olau Loa Ko"olau Poko Lane League of American Bicyclists Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Mayors Advisory Committee on Bicycling Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices North Shore Path public service announcement Primary Urban Center Private Route Shoulder Bikeway Safe Routes to School State shared use path Waianae</p> <p>DRAFT Oahu Bike Plan</p> <p>iii</p> <p>Table of Contents</p> <p>This page intentionally blank</p> <p>iv</p> <p>DRAFT Oahu Bike Plan</p> <p>1 Introduction</p> <p>1</p> <p>Introduction</p> <p>Oahu is at an important juncture in its growth and development, with an opportunity to transform into a highly livable community where public spaces are actively used, and there are safe, convenient, accessible, and attractive transportation options. The Oahu Bike Plan provides a strategy for better integrating bicycling into the City and County of Honolulus (Citys) transportation system. It provides an array of important policy and program recommendations and identifies an integrated network of on-road bike lanes and routes and off-road paths that will link people with their favorite and most visited destinations. There is great potential for bicycles to become a significant transportation mode for Oahu and this Plan provides a guide for becoming a bicycle-friendly community.</p> <p>Ka!a!awa coastline</p> <p>Photo: HBL</p> <p>Excessive speeds and the danger resulting from these speeds have fundamentally changed the way our children can enjoy their neighborhood streets. Many parents and schools prohibit their children from riding bicycles to school due to safety concerns. All of Oahus residents should feel safe on our streets. It is time to promote the practice of Kamehameha I's Law of the Splintered Paddle-the right of all people to be safe on our roadways.</p> <p>Societal Trends. Several contemporary</p> <p>1.1</p> <p>Overview</p> <p>Need for Bike Planning. Oahus physical</p> <p>beauty, mild year-round climate, and relatively flat coastal plain make it ideal for bicycle transportation. In spite of this, many of our residents are reluctant to use bicycles even for short tripswhy? Well, like many places in the U.S., Oahu has matured as a place dominated by the private automobile, to the detriment of alternative travel modes such as walking, bicycling, and transit. Increasingly, this auto-dependence may affect our quality of life. While the auto provides an important means to move around the island, increasing congestion is making it difficult, time consuming, and expensive to use.</p> <p>trends and factors influenced the development of the Oahu Bike Plan and point to the need to be a bicycle-friendly community. Among these are public health, livable communities, sustainable mobility, unstable fossil fuel costs, and major planned improvements to the islands transportation system (see diagram).</p> <p>Many facets of a Bicycle-Friendly Community DRAFT Oahu Bike Plan1-1</p> <p>1 Introduction</p> <p>Honolulu should invest in sensible alternative transportation modes that are sustainable, tread lightly on our natural environment, and yield significant health benefits. There is, however, no single panacea. The investment strategy must be built on several wellintegrated legs including transit, pedestrian and bicycle facilities, and the automobile. The strategy must also institutionalize the commitment, at all levels of government, to move toward a post automobile-centric era, where several viable--and more sustainable-transportation modes serve the mobility needs of our residents and visitors.</p> <p>Islandwide bikeway connectivity</p> <p>1.2</p> <p>Plan Development</p> <p>History. Formal bicycle planning in Hawaiihas matured over the past three decades, as congestion on roadways increased and policy makers looked for alternate transportation modes. In 1977, the Hawaii State Department of Transportation (DOT) prepared Bike Plan Hawaii for the States roadway system. Most recently updated in 2003, implementation of its ambitious projects will complement the Citys bikeway network.</p> <p>strong support from the islands voters. The Revised Charter of Honolulu now specifically mentions bikeways under the powers, duties and functions for the Director of the Department of Transportation Services (DTS), and a new section (Section 6-17) has been added that explicitly states the priority of making the City pedestrian and bicycle friendly. The City has already taken large steps towards achieving bike-friendly status since the publication of the 1999 Plan. The City received honorable mention status as a Bicycle Friendly Community in 2007 by the League of American Bicyclists (LAB). The City conducted several feasibility studies for projects recommended in the 1999 Plan and constructed a number of them (first phase of the Young Street bikeway, several College Access projects, etc.). Bike boxes, one of the 1999 Plan recommendations to improve bike safety, have been installed at four intersections on a trial basis. The Diamond Head Bike Staging Facility was opened in 2007 and created a popular and convenient staging area for bicyclist recreation. The Citys bike coordinator continues to work with City and State agencies in coordinating the Citys bike program as well as staffing the Mayors Advisory Committee on Bicycling (MACB).</p> <p>In 1994, the City Council and Mayor adopted Ordinance 94-39 (Revised Ordinances of Honolulu Section 2-12.1) which directed that a bikeway system master plan for urban Honolulu be prepared and updated every five years. The initial 1999 Honolulu Bicycle Master Plan, adopted by City Council Resolution 99252 CD1 in September 1999, was the first significant step towards making Honolulu a bicycle-friendly community. The starting point for this Oahu Bike Plan was the 1999 Plan, which covered the geographic area from Pearl City to Kahala. This Oahu Bike Plan updates the 1999 Plan, broadening the scope to include the entire island. In 2006, a proposed City Charter amendment (Charter Amendment #8) to make Oahu more pedestrian- and bicycle-friendly received1-2 DRAFT Oahu Bike Plan</p> <p>1 Introduction</p> <p>The City continues to underwrite the Bike Ed program and over the past 10 years, over 60,000 fourth graders have received bike skills training because of it. The City maintains a growing network of bike facilities and has placed over 400 bike racks around Honolulu and continues to look for new rack locations. It continues to produce and distribute public service announcements to educate road users and has widely circulated a concise bike safety handout highlighting bicyclist rules of the road. The entire fleet of City transit buses is equipped with bike racks and larger bike racks are gradually being implemented to accommodate more bikes. Oahu is well above the national average for bicycle commuting (see chart below) and is home to a vibrant bike culture with a tradition of strong bicycle advocacy. 1999 Plan involved a comprehensive approach that addressed both the soft (i.e., policies and programs) and hard (physical improvements) aspects of bicycling in our community. These efforts, summarized in the following list, form the technical basis for the Oahu Bike Plan. Appendix A contains a listing of the major technical reports and work products prepared to support this Plan. Electronic versions of these documents are provided in the accompanying CD-ROM.</p> <p>verify existing physical bikeway resources and their condition; create a geographic information system (GIS) and database inventory of existing and planned bikeway facilities; review and synthesize major plans, laws, regulations, and other policy documents relating to bicycle planning; review national, state and county roadway design and construction standards related to bicycling; compile market research on bicycle data relevant to Honolulu; validate and refine O!ahus vision, goals and objectives for bicycling identify, evaluate, and refine potential programs and policies; identify major bicycle travel corridors, transit spokes and high volume destinations for detailed study; recommend practices, improvements, and equipment to integrate bicycling with the proposed rail transit system; recommend design guidelines and best practices for all bikeway facility types; identify and prioritize facilities for improvement and recommend preferred design treatments for each facility;</p> <p>Update Process. The process to update the</p> <p>16.0% 14.0%Share of all commute trips</p> <p>12.0% 10.0% 8.0% 6.0% 4.0% 2.0% 0.0%</p> <p>1.2% 0.9% 0.4%</p> <p>Da vis ,C Bo a ul de lifo Pa rn r, ia lo C ol Al or to ad ,C o Eu a ge lifo r ni ne G a ai ne , O re sv ille gon Tu , cs Flo M r...</p>