douglas macarthur

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  • 1. DouglasMacArthur Seung-Ho Choi & Brian Lee

2. Background History

  • Born in Little Rock, AK to Arthur and Mary MacArthur.
  • Graduated from West Point in 1903 1 stin 930 student class.
  • Commanded 42 nddivision in WWI and promoted to brigadier general.
  • He retired from US Army in 1937.

3. Beginning of WWII

  • Summer of 1941, MacArthur was recalled to active duty to head the US military forces in the Far East.
  • He was given control as the Supreme Commander of the Philippine army.
  • His headquarters during the Philippines Campaign was on the island fortress of Corregidor.

4. 5. MacArthurs Retreat

  • Japanese Army invaded the Philippine and held three air bases in Luzon.
  • MacArthur ordered retreat to Bataan peninsula.
  • He was ordered to leave Bataan and go to Australia.

6. After the Retreat

  • MacArthur and Admiral Nimitz decided to establish and protect communication line throughout South Pacific.
  • He engaged the enemy for 8 months in 10 major battles after landing in Guadalcanal.
  • By Spring of 1944, MacArthur surrounded the Japanese troops in New Guinea.

7. 8. MacArthurs Counterattack

  • MacArthur was given permission to recapture the Philippines.
  • On October 20, 1944, MacArthurs forces invaded Leyte Island in the Philippines.
  • On January of 1945, MacArthur sent troops to Luzon and captured it in March.

9. Assault on Japan

  • MacArthur set his eyes on Okinawa, Japan, and sent 60,000 troops to the city of Haguushi.
  • MacArthur faced heavy opposition when he reached Shuri and repelled counterattack.
  • Capture of Okinawa cost the Americans 49,000 casualties.

10. 11. Surrender of Japan

  • In January of 1945, MacArthur was promoted to five star general.
  • On August 6 thand 9 th , two atomic bombs were released in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
  • On September 2, 1945, MacArthur accepted Japans surrender.

12. Occupation of Japan

  • MacArthur exonerated Emperor Showa and the imperial family.
  • He helped rebuild the nation and encouraged democratic reforms.
  • MacArthur was heavily criticized by both Japanese and Americans.

13. 14. After WWII

  • MacArthur was appointed as head of the Allied occupation of Japan.
  • He fought in Korean War in 1950 as a commander of the UN forces.
  • MacArthur led campaign against Harry Truman and the Democratic Party.
  • He died in the Water Reed Hospital, Washington, on April 5 th , 1964.