Deferred Action Pros & Cons

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<ul><li><p>7/31/2019 Deferred Action Pros &amp; Cons</p><p> 1/2</p><p> 339 Lafayette St, 3rd Floor Suite 304 New York, NY 10012 646.484.8537 info@nysylc.org nysylc.org</p><p>DeferredActionPros&amp;ConsbyImmigrationAttorneyDaveBennion</p><p>Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Secretary Janet Napolitano issued on Friday, June152012 instructions to federal immigration agencies not to deport undocumented youth who meetcertain criteria. The criteria are based on the provisions of the proposed DREAM Act. President</p><p>Obama announced the policy change at the White House soon afterward.</p><p>The new policy, if implemented, would provide temporary relief to many undocumented youth</p><p>in the United States. Undocumented organizers who fought for their rights and their communitiesdeserve the credit for today's policy change.</p><p>Pros:</p><p> Itallowspeopletoapplyaffirmatively,notjustaftertheyhavebeencaughtupinthedeportationprocess.Thiswillpotentiallybenefitamuchgreaternumberofpeople</p><p>thanpreviousguidance.Workpermitsareavailable.Many,thoughnotall,ofapplicantsgranteddeferredaction</p><p>willbeeligibleforworkpermits.Atwoyearperiodofdeferredactionwillbegrantedtosuccessfulapplicants.Thepolicyaffectsallthreeimmigrationagencies.Today'spolicymemofollowsaseries</p><p>ofsimilarmemosoverthepasttwoyearswhichhavedonelittletostemthetideof</p><p>recorddeportationsunderthispresident.Previousguidanceonexercising</p><p>prosecutorialdiscretioninlinewithenforcementprioritieswasdirectedonlyto</p><p>ImmigrationandCustomsEnforcement(ICE),whichignoredtheguidance.Today's</p><p>memocomesfromSecretaryNapolitanoandisdirectedtoallthreeagencies:Customs</p><p>andBorderProtection(CBP),U.S.CitizenshipandImmigrationServices(USCIS),and</p><p>ICE.Hopefullythepolicywillbeappliedmorecomprehensivelyacrosstheagencies</p><p>thantheprosecutorialdiscretionpolicyhasbeen.</p><p>USCISwillhavemorecontrolovertheprocess.ThemajorityofapplicationswillbereviewedbyUSCIS,whichadjudicatesapplicationsforimmigrationbenefitsandisnot</p><p>formallytaskedwithimmigrationenforcement.</p><p>Cons:Thisisnotanexecutiveorder.ThepolicydoesnotgrantDeferredEnforcedDeparture</p><p>(DED)orTemporaryProtectedStatus(TPS),whicharedesignatedbythePresidentbyexecutiveorderonhumanitariangrounds.EventhoughthePresidentdecideswho</p><p>doesordoesn'tqualifyforTPSandDED,thesestatusescarrycertaindueprocess</p><p>protections.Applicationscanbeappealedinimmigrationcourtifinitiallydenied.TPS</p><p>orDEDstatuscannotbeterminatedwithoutcause.Incontrast,thepolicyannounced</p><p>todayonlygrantsdeferredaction.Thereisnorighttoappealadenial.While</p></li><li><p>7/31/2019 Deferred Action Pros &amp; Cons</p><p> 2/2</p><p> 339 Lafayette St, 3rd Floor Suite 304 New York, NY 10012 646.484.8537 info@nysylc.org nysylc.org</p><p>applicantscanaskforsupervisoryreviewofaninitialdenial,thatsupervisorydecision</p><p>willbefinal.DHScandenyanyapplicationinitsdiscretioneveniftheapplicantmeetsthe</p><p>eligibilitycriteria.Wewilllikelyseemanyofthesamedueprocessproblemsthatwe</p><p>haveseenwiththeprosecutorialdiscretionpolicy,whichledtoagrantrateof1.5%.</p><p>Therewillbenoimpartialadjudicator,norighttomeaningfulreviewoffaulty</p><p>decisions,andnoformalizedwaytopresentandevaluateevidenceorlegal</p><p>arguments.TheprovisionsdealingwithcriminalconvictionswillallowDHStowronglydeny</p><p>applications.The"significantmisdemeanor"isanewconceptinimmigrationlaw</p><p>uniquetothispolicy.Someconvictionswillnotclearlyfallinsideoroutsidethe</p><p>"significantmisdemeanor"category,andUSCISofficerslacktheguidanceand</p><p>expertisetonavigatethosewaters.Initsprosecutorialdiscretionreview,DHShas</p><p>treatedanyarrestasequivalenttoaconviction.Thispolicyturnsthepresumptionof</p><p>innocenceonitshead,denyingundocumentedpeopletheprotectionsafforded</p><p>citizensinthecriminaljusticesystem.SincethepolicyannouncedtodayisbasedsolelyonthediscretionofDHS,theriskishighthatDHSwillcontinuetotreatanycontact</p><p>withthecriminaljusticesystemasfataltoanapplication,regardlessofwhetherthere</p><p>wasaconviction.Deferredaction,oncegranted,canbeterminatedatanytimewithoutjustificationor</p><p>review.Manypeoplewillbedeportedsimplyforapplyingfordeferredaction.USCISwillrefer</p><p>somedeniedcasestoICEforinitiationofremovalproceedings.Sincethereisnoright</p><p>toappealanerroneousdecisionbyUSCISunderthenewpolicy,mistakesmaygo</p><p>uncorrectedandleadtothedeportationofqualifiedapplicants. Immigrationenforcementofficersarelikelytoignorethenewpolicy.ApplicationsfordeferredactionwillbeadjudicatedonlybyUSCISofficersandICEattorneys.ICE</p><p>enforcementofficersandBorderPatrolofficershavebeeninstructedtofollowthe</p><p>policyguidelines.ButICEandBorderPatrolofficersignoredpriorinstructionstofollow</p><p>theprosecutorialdiscretionguidelinesandfacednoconsequences.Theproposed</p><p>remedywhenICEorBorderPatrolofficersviolatethenewguidelinesistocalltheLaw</p><p>EnforcementSupportCenterhotlineorcomplaintotheICEOfficeofthePublic</p><p>Advocate.ManypeoplewhoarewronglytargetedbyICEorBorderPatrolwillnotbe</p><p>inapositiontodoeitherofthosethings,andtheircaseswillnevercometothe</p><p>attentionofthepublicorthosewhoaretaskedwithmonitoringimplementationof</p><p>thispolicy.DHS'sinternalmonitoringproceduresareopaqueandineffective,soeven</p><p>whencomplaintsaremade,theyarenotlikelytoproduceresults.</p><p>ReadmoreinformationaboutDeferredActiononwww.nysylc.org</p><p>Contactusatinfo@nysylc.orgformorequestionsandconcerns</p></li></ul>