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Team 8 Defense Memorial International Criminal Court Intra Moot Competition March 2011

Original: English

No: ICC

Before:

International Criminal Court Moot Competition Panel

SITUATION IN THE STATE OF BANCHU IN THE CASE OF THE PROSECUTOR v. BANCHA

Team No. 8

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ..................................................................................................................... i INDEX OF AUTHORITIES ....................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. STATEMENT OF JURISDICTION ....................................................................................................... iiv STATEMENT OF FACTS ......................................................................................................................... v ISSUES RAISED........................................................................................................................................ vi SUMMARY OF ARGUMENTS .............................................................................................................. vii BODY OF PLEADINGS ............................................................................................................................ 1 A. ICC cannot exercise its jurisdiction over the case. .......................................................................... 1 B. In light of the protest made by the state of Bancha, the case is not admissible before the ICC. . 4 C. The conflict has not been internationalized owing to the participation of volunteers from Gogolistan. ............................................................................................................................................... 7 D. The arrest and subsequent transfer of Mr. Bancha to ICC is illegal. ........................................... 9 E. The accused is not guilty of following crimes: ............................................................................... 12 PRAYER .................................................................................................................................................... xii

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS Art. Article (unless otherwise noted, Art. Designates articles of the Rome Statue) Chamber Facts Genocide Convection Pre-Trial Chamber Facts and Procedural History International Convection on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Dec 9, 1948, 78 U.N.T.S. 277, 280. ICC ICJ ICRC ICTR International Criminal Court International Court of Justice International Committee of Red Cross International Criminal Tribunal of Rwanda ICTY International Criminal Tribunal of Former Yugoslavia ILC No. The Statue The Rules UDHR International Law Commission Number The Rome Statue Rules of Procedures and Evidence Universal Declaration of Human Rights UN United Nations

i

INDEX OF AUTHORITIES CasesArrest Warrant of 1 April 2000 (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Belgium), Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 2002, Para.51 .......................................................................................................................................... 11

ICTY, Prosecutor v. Haradinaj, Case No. IT-04-84-T, Judgement (Trial Chamber), 3 April 2008, para 49. ............................................................................................................................................................. 8

ICTY, Prosecutor v. Limaj, Case No. IT-03-66-T, Judgement (Trial Chamber), 30 November 2005, para 85. ............................................................................................................................................................. 7

ICTY, Prosecutor v. Tadic, Decision on the Defence Motion for Interlocutory Appeal on Jurisdiction, 2 October 1995, para 70. .............................................................................................................................. 7

International Court of Justice, SS Lotus (France v. Turkey), PCIJ 1927 Series A, No. 10, 7 September 1927, [Cited as Lotus Case] ...................................................................................................................... 5

Israel, Eichman, Supreme Court, judgement of 29 May 1962, English translation in 36 ILR. .................... 5

Lubanga, Judgement on the Appeal against the decision on the Defence Challenge to the Jurisdiction of the Court pursuant to Article 19 (2) (a), Case No: ICC-01/04-01/06, 14 December 2006. ...................... 9

Prosecutor v. Blaskic, IT-95-14 Judgement, 3 March 2000 (hereinafter The Blaskic Judgement) Declaration of Judge Shahabuddeen. ........................................................................................................ 9

Prosecutor v. Nahimana et al., (Case No. ICTR-99-52-T) 3 December 2003 ............................................. 2

Prosecutor v. Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir, Decision on the Prosecutors Application for a Warrant of Arrest against Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir, Public Redacted Version, Case No: ICC-02/05-01/09, 4 March 2009. .............................................................................................................................................. 9

Rivard v. United States, US Court of Appeal judgment of 375 F ed 882 (5th Cir. 1967) ............................ 5

ii

The Lands of Palmas Arbitration, (Netherlands v. United States), 1928, 2, RIAA 829. .............................. 5

Other AuthoritiesAntonio Cassese, The international criminal Court: the making of the Rome statute issues, negotiations, results, edited by Roy S. Lee; in cooperation with The Project on International Courts and Tribunals, published by The Hague: Kluwer Law International, c1999. at 606 (hereafter Antonio Cassese). ...... 3

I.C.J. Reports 1957, p. 53/ WIPO, Case No. D2004-0535, 2004.................................................................. 6

ICJ Reports, 1955, pp.4, 23; 22 ILR, pp. 349,360. at 725 ............................................................................ 3

ICRC, How is the term Armed Conflict defined in international humanitarian law? , Opinion Paper, March 2008, p.3.. ...................................................................................................................................... 7

ICRC, Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts, Document presented at the Conference of government experts on the reaffirmation and development of international humanitarian law applicable in armed conflicts, Vol. V, Geneva, 24 May-12June 1971, p.79..8

ICTY, Order granting leave for withdrawal of charges against Govedarica, Gruban, Janjic, Kostic,Paspalj, Pavlic, Popovic, Predojevic, Savic, Babic and Spaonja issued by Judge Riad on 8 May 1998. ................................................................................................................................................. 6

J. Delbruck & R. Wolfrum, Volkerrecht, Part I/3, 1145,( 2nd edition, 2002) ................................................ 1

Rome StatuteArt. 12. ....................................................................................................................................................... 1,3 Art 12 (2). ..................................................................................................................................................... 4 Article 12 (2) (b) ........................................................................................................................................... 1 Art.12 (3) ................................................................................................................................................... 1,2 Art. 58 (1)(a) ................................................................................................................................................. 9 article 89(1) ................................................................................................................................................... 1 article 93 ....................................................................................................................................................... 1 article 109 (1) ................................................................................................................................................ 1 article 117...................................................................................................................................................... 1

iii

STATEMENT OF JURISDICTION The Prosecutor has approached the Honorable International Criminal Court under Article 5 read with Article 13 (b) of the Rome Statue. The Defendant respectfully objects the jurisdiction of the Court as it does not have the jurisdiction to entertain the instant case.

iv

STATEMENT OF FACTS 1. Copeegua was an ancient country inhabiting three chief tribes namely, Gogo, Bancha and Zawal. There has been occasional violence between Banchas and Zawals as there relations have been apathetic. When the Imperial Autarchy of Xanadu was in power, Copeegua was made subject to all treaties by requisite constitutional procedure including the Rome Treaty in 2004. Bancha especially opposed signature to the treaty and signified that Banchu would never have signed the treaty. Massive violence broke out and Copeegua was partitioned into Gogolistan and Bancha in May 2008, with the two states housing their etymological tribes. Both the states agreed to give Zawals the same rights as the majority tribes in these countries. 2. Bancha became the head of the state in Banchu and faced much opposition from certain people. Mr. Bancha addressed the nation and revealed that his secret service had come to kno