creatures of the sea presentation

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Creatures of the Sea Mrs. Trager's 8th Grade Internet Class

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Page 1: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Creatures of the Sea

Mrs. Trager's 8th Grade Internet Class

Page 2: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Chocolate Chip Starfish!!By. Braydan WestScientific Name:  Protoreaster nodosus

 

   General Information!

• Chocolate Chip Starfish can be found in the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. 

•  They live in warm oceans or seas.•  They live in shallow tidal pools•  Or reefs up to 100 feet deep.• They feed on bacteria or the  remains

of dead fish or other animals.• Starfish do not have mouths on the

top of their bodies.• Their mouths are on the bottom of

their bodies.•  They cover their food with their

bodies and push their food with their stomachs. 

• Grow up from 5 to 25 inches long.

This is a picture of a Chocolate Chip

Starfish!!

Pisano , Jaclyn. "Chocolate Chip Starfish." (2004): n. pag. Web. 8 Feb 2011. <http://www.microscopy-uk.org.uk/mag/artnov04macro/jpstarfish.html>. "Chocolate Chip Starfish." Chocolate Chip Starfish. Web. 8 Feb 2011. <http://www.richard-seaman.com/Wallpaper/Nature/Underwater/Invertebrates/SeaStars/GhavutuStarFish.jpg>.

Page 3: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Sea TurtlesBy Eva Sorensen

• They are Beautiful• They are Endangered• They are Graceful• They eat Jellyfish, seaweed, shrimp,

crabs, algae, and small mollusks.  •  The eggs are lied into the sand of close

beaches• There are 7 different types of Sea Turtle• Most live in warm waters • Loggerhead Sea Turtles live in cold

waters• They all weigh at least 100 lbs.• They spend their entire life in the sea,

except for when going to lay eggs Badskin-Salzberg, Anita and Allen. "Sea Turtles." The following is a sample of the book: Turtles. N.p., n.d. WSeydenham S. R., Thomas. "Sea Turtles." animals. N.p., 2008. Web. 10 Feb 2011.  <http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/turtlesea.htm>. eb. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.herpdigest.org/turtles/seaturt.htm>. "Save the Sea Turtle foundation." Turtle blog. N.p., 2009. Web. 11 Feb 2011. <http://savetheseaturtle.org/?p=285>.

How to help them:1. Don't litter2.  Don't release balloons into the

atmosphere3. Don't turn beach lights on4. Boat carefully5. Adopt a Sea Turtle nest6. Recycle7. Donate to local marine specialists

Page 4: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Mandarin FishBy Lily McNeil

o Mandarin Fish are part of the dragonets specieso They are one of the coral reef’s fish with the most variety of color. They have psychedelic colors.

Although they are very colorful they still are hard to findo They live in groups from just two fish to up to five. o They can usually be found right before sundown.o Their scientific name is Synchiropus Splendidus. o They usually consume are mysids, amiphods, isopods,  and benthic copepods. o Mandarin fish do not have scales. o The male is larger and more colorful than the female. o The male also has long spikes along his dorsal fin for protection.Bibliographies

"Mandarin Fish." New Approach To Dive 9/18/2006: 3. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.zerobar.org/mandarin-fish/>.  Sewell, Terry. "Mandarin Fish ." Fishbowl DC. Media Bistro, 4/5/10. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.mediabistro.com/fishbowldc/>.

Page 5: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Peacock Mantis Shrimp• Is found in the Pacific Ocean

including Hawaii • It is not considered endangered•  They live on coral reefs• They eat things like: clams, snails and

crabs• It has the speed of 50-75mph• They can break aquarium glass • They are known as the harlequin

mantis or a shrimp or painted mantis shrimp  

•  They are predators• Peacock mantis shrimp is a hard pet

to keep and not a lot of people have them as pets

• The best way to feed the Peacock Mantis Shrimp is by feeding it live crabs

• They are about a foot in a half in length

• And are very interesting to watch smash everything 

 By Sandra Murillo

 "Peacock Mantis Shrimp." Home | Oceana North America. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://na.oceana.org/en/explore/creatures/peacock-mantis-shrimp>."Peacock Mantis Shrimp." Home | Oceana North America. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://na.oceana.org/en/explore/creatures/peacock-mantis-shrimp>.Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://animals.jrank.org/pages/1760/Mantis-Shrimps-Stomatopoda-PEACOCK-MANTIS-SHRIMP-Odontodactylus-scyllarus-SPECIES-ACCOUNTS.html>.

Page 6: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Dumbo Octopus

The dumbo octopus or grimpoteuthis is one of the rarest species of octopus. They move by jet propulsion, using their eight arms, and, or moving their elephant-earl-like-flaps. By using all of these different methods of movement, the dumbo octopus can hover or swim. They eat copepods bivalves and crustaceans. An interesting  fact about dumbo octopi is that they eat their prey whole. This kind of octopus can dive  farther than any other octopus. They are seen most frequently at depths of 3,000-4,000 meters below sea level, but have been seen up 7,000 meters below sea level.

 By: Rory Cole

Beccary, . "Dumbo Octopus with elephant ears." Nature's Crusaders. N.p., 09/26/08. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://naturescrusaders.wordpress.com/2008/10/26/dumbo-an-octopus-with-elephant-ears/>.

Page 7: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

The Puffer FishBy Haylee Pettit   They puff up because they swallow large amounts of water

and their elastic stomachs blow up like a balloon.

There are more than 120 specimens of puffer fish in the world.

Their size ranges from 1 inch to  over 2 feet

Puffer fish do not have scales

They have pointy and tough skin

Puffer Fish have 4 sharp pointy teethThe have teeth that are used for eating algae, clams,

mussels and other shell fish with their birdlike beaks.Some Puffer fish are poisonous

Poisonous puffers are believed to get their deadly toxin from the bacteria in the animals they eat.  

Laughlin, Chris. " Pufferfish Tetraodontidae." National Geographic. National Geographic, n.d. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/pufferfish.html>.

Page 8: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

The Stingrayby Valeria Morse

• Its scientific name is Dasytidae•  Many have teeth so they can crunch

mollusks like clams, oysters, and mussels. 

• They live in the shallows of a temperate sea.  

• Its mouth, nostrils, and gills are positioned on its underbelly.  

• Their appearance usually copies the seafloors shading, helping it hide from predatory sharks and larger rays. 

• They spend the majority of their time inactive, hiding in the sand.  

• They will swim close to divers and snorkelers without fear.  

• Their tail has a poisonous barb, but is only used to protect themselves.  

• Their tail is used to move around in the water, but its main purpose is for protection.

"Stingrays, Stingray Pictures, Stingray Facts - National Geographic." Animals, Animal Pictures, Wild Animal Facts - National Geographic. National Geographic, 1996. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/stingray/>.

"Creative Commons Search." Creative Commons Search. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://search.creativecommons.org/?q=stingrays>.

Page 9: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Emperor  AngelfishScientific name - Pomacanthus imperatorBy: Bailey Cleven

• Adults have a black band across their eyes to     confuse predators. They won't know which end    to attack. • They commonly grow up to 13 inches long. 

 • They can be found near ledges and caves in

    rich coral growth.  • Live alone in reefs in the Pacific Ocean and 

    Red Sea.

• They eat sponges and sea squirts. • To eat they use coarse teeth like bristles

    on a brush to scrape their food off of rocks and    coral.

"Emperor Angelfish." Shedd The World's Aquarium. John G. Shedd Aquarium , ©2001-2006. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://sea.sheddaquarium.org/sea/fact_sheets.asp?id=100#top>. "Emperor Angelfish." Foster and Smith Aquatics. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <https://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=15+18+411&pcatid=411>.

Page 10: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Parrotfish (scaridae)

By: Sierra Judd  • Most of the food they eat is algae.• If they get any coral when they eat the

algae, it is crushed by the teeth in their throats so that they can get to the polyps, which are full of algae.

• Before they sleep at night, they coat themselves with mucus in order to cover up their scent to protect themselves from animals that hunt them.

• They are related to the wrasse.• If you see sand near a parrotfish it is most

likely the coral that was not fully digested and then defecated.

• They change sex and appearance during their lifetime.

• Size: less than 1 foot to 4 feet (30-120 centimeters)

  "Parrot Fish, Parrot Fish Pictures, Parrot Fish Facts - National Geographic." Animals, Animal Pictures, Wild Animal Facts - National Geographic. National Geographic. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/parrot-fish/>.

Creative Commons. Web. <http://search.creativecommons.org/?q=%22parrotfish%22>.

Page 11: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Seahorses •  More than 15 species • Only animal in the animal kingdom where the male is

pregnant• Sea Horse life- grow up, attract mates, and give birth  • Largest collection of Charismatic animal  • The sea horse looks like a combination of animals-

head like a horse, tail like a monkey and pouches like a kangaroo

•  Baby seahorses live in males protective pouch • Scientist don't know how may seahorses there are in

the world • Smallest seahorse is 1/2 inch long know as the

Satomi's Pygmy Seahorses  • Largest seahorse is the Potbelly and can be up to 14

inches long 

Katja Peller

                            Information Citations:  "The Secret Lives of Seahorses ." Monterey Bay Aquarium . Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation, n.d. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/efc/seahorse.aspx>.  "Seahorse Exhibit Animals ." Monterey Bay Aquarium . Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation, n.d. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <https://www.montereybayaquarium.org/efc/efc_seahorse/seahorse_animals.aspx>. 

                            Picture Citation:Dwarf Seahorse." Monterey Bay Aquarium. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/efc/seahorse.aspx>. 

Page 12: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Lion Fish

• The lion fish has red and white  stripes, it also has long pectoral fins the lion fish is poisonous.  

• deadly the side affects of getting bitten are troubles breathing and nausea. 

• The usually live  reefs and  crevices. 

• A very big lion fish can grow up to 15 inches. 

• The regular size is about 12 inches.

• The lion fish is food in some countries like Japan.

• They are worth a lot more as pet fish or fish in a aquarium

• The lion fish has many other nicknames.

  

 ("http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/lionfish/")"Lion Fish." http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_eats_the_lionfish. N.p., 1/15/2010. Web. 8 Feb 2011. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_eats_the_lionfish "Travel into the world." Travel into the world Starfish (2008): 1. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://travelintospain.blogspot.com/2008/09/under-indian-ocean-world.html>

By Evan Dahms

Page 13: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Freshwater JellyfishBy: Nora Jones

Oval-shapedDiameter is 5-25mm GlassyWhitish or green tingeShort tentacles help with feedingLong tentacles help with swimming Total number of tentacles is 50 to 500Have been seen throughout the United StatesThese animals do not harm humansSmall fish can be paralyzed by their stings

Information Citation:McKercher, Liz, Danny O'Connell, Pam Fuller, and Jim Liebig. United States. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species-Craspedacusta sowerbyi. , Aug 19, 2009. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=1068>. Picture Citation:"Tiny Jellyfish thrive in Moscow River." RT.com. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://rt.com/news/sci-tech/tiny-jellyfish-thrive-moscow/>.

Page 14: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

Portuguese Man of War by Cormac Heneghan

• Biology- found in tropic locationso Polyps- Organism that can not survive

independently Polyp #1 gas filled object at the top Polyp #2 tentacles

stuns prey and brings food to digestive polyp

Polyp #3 digestive Polyp #4 reproductive

o  Size  12 in. long 5 in. wide Tentacles up too 165 ft. 30 ft. is

average•  Effects of sting

o  Burning, stinging, welts, difficulty with breathing, cardiac arrest

Bibliography"Portuguese Man-of-Wars, Portuguese Man-of-War Pictures, Portuguese Man-of-War Facts - National Geographic." Animals, Animal Pictures, Wild Animal Facts - National Geographic. Web. 10 Feb. 2011. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/portuguese-man-of-war.html>.

Page 15: Creatures of the Sea Presentation

*Commonly seen in Caribbean and south Atlantic coral reefs   *Approximately one inch long Feeds on corals

*When alive it appears to be yellow orange with black Spots on the back 

*Member of the octopus, oyster family.

*Seen in places from North Carolina to Florida.

*Lives and feeds on Gorgonian coralsIs toxic  

"ocean-census-flamingo-tongue-snail." The daily green. Web. 11 Feb 2011. <http://www.thedailygreen.com/environmental-news/latest/squid-octopus-pictures>.   Nahabedian, Sarah, James B. Wood, and Melissa Parr. Marine Invertebrates of Bermuda. Sarah Nahabedian, 2-10-11. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.thecephalopodpage.org/MarineInvertebrateZoology/Cyphomagibbosum1.html>.  

The Flaming Tongue Snail By: Estefani Murillo