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CONTOUR CRAFTING A 3-D HOUSE PRINTER
CONTOUR CRAFTING A 3-D HOUSE PRINTER
AIM To study about contour crafting.OBJECTIVES
-To know the working process of contour crafting.
-Application and advantages of using C.C.
-Utilization of C.C machine to provide houses to slum and homeless people .
-Provide quick shelter in case of hazard.
The research was started on 2004 under the a professor Behrokh Khoshnevis of Southern California university but & the whole working project is done in 2008 & its come in front of the world in 2010 when NASA have accept this proposal to build the houses on moon & still the work is going on.
Contour crafting machine is the computer control machine which is based on layer fabrication technology & programming based software. It is have ability to build the G+1, 2000 ft2 house within 24 hours with the proper facility of plumbing, electricity, & with the proper fitting of farms of doors & window. So this is very helpful in Natural Deserter situation for setup again the city.
At a certain range & certain elevation to craft the house
THE CC NOZZLE ASSEMBLY
QUIKRETE Fast-Setting Concrete Mix special blend of fast-setting cements, sand and gravel designed to set hard in approx. 20 to 40 minutes
CASE STUDY Construction on marsh & moon-NASA (U.S): 2012NASA's plan to build homes on the Moon: Space agency backs 3D print technology which could build base. Technology will see lunar soil layers built up in a pre-determined design. System will work like a giant 3D printer using a nozzle and moveable gantry
Creating structures in space that astronauts can live in has become a priority for Nasa. With a manned mission to Mars on the agenda, and plans for lunar exploration underway, scientists are increasingly looking towards unconventional construction methods. The most promising of these is 3D printing, which could make building a lunar home in space a matter of pressing a button and letting a robot do the work.
TRADITIONAL METHOD BY PRECAST ELEMENT BY CONTOUR CRAFTING
Construction takes time more Comparatively less time Very lass time Over all cost is more , very slow process Comparatively less Very lass time
material required is more Comparatively less Very lass time
overall project cost is more Comparatively less Very lass time
ADVANTAGES Due to its speed and its ability potential for immediate application in low income housing and emergency shelter construction.
Construction of luxury structures with exotic architectural designs involving complex curves and other geometries
The environmental impact of CC is also noteworthy.
Contour Crafting could result in little or no material waste. DISADVANTAGES
Initial cost is very high for contour crafting machine.
Not suitable for high rise building.
Unemployment due to not require labor.
BY USING CONTOUR CRAFTING WE CAN GIVE THE BETTER LIFE TO SLUM PEOPLE, FARMER & THE PEOPLE SUFFERING FROM NATURAL DISASTER AS WELL AS WHO NOT ABLE PHYSICALLY & ECONOMICALLY SO TO PROVODE THEM SHELTER ALL OVER THE WORLD.. BECAUSE A PERFCT NATION MADE BY THEIR PEOPLE SO GIVE A PERFCT LIFE TO THEM
REFERENCES: 1. Khoshnevis, Behrokh; Bodiford, Melanie P.; Burks, Kevin H.; Ethridge, Ed; Tucker, Dennis; Kim, Won; Toutanji, HoussamFiske, Michael . Year: 2005.Annenberg Foundation Puts Robotic Disaster Rebuilding Technology on Fast Track University of Southern California School of Engineering. 2004, English, Book contributor: NASA, Collection: nasa_techdocs. 2. Khoshnevis, Behrokh. Year: 2008. Caterpiller Inc. Funds Viterbi Print-a-house Construction technology . USC-Viterbi School of Engineering. 3. Khoshnevis, Behrokh. Year:,2004. Home Sweet Home University of Southern California. 4.NASAs plan to build homes on Moon : Space agency backs 3D priny Technology which could build base TechFlesh. ,year : 2012 5. Jing Zhang , Behrokh Khoshnevis , Optimal machine operation planning for construction by Contour Crafting, Automation in construction, Science direct. Vol.29, pp 50-67. 6. Automated construction by contour crafting-Related Robotics and Technologies, Science direct Automation in construction. , Vol.13, pp 5-19.
Rapid Manufacturing for construction, Automation in construction, Science direct. Vol.16, pp 224-231.