College: It's Not Just A Dream

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  • College: Its Not Just A Dream

    Helping youth from foster care

    pursue education after high school

    2016 WFAA Fall Conference

  • College: Its not just a dream

    Its a little different for youth who

    experienced foster care

    Its a Financial Reality

    Its a PLAN!

    Washington Student Achievement Council2

  • What should educators know about students in foster care?

  • Washington Student Achievement Council

    or WASFA

    4

    Children and youth in care want to be treated like other students.

    Youth in foster care have many strengths.

    Students in foster care want to be empowered with decision making and engage in goal setting.

    Maintaining confidentiality and sensitivity is very important.

    Just Like Us

  • Washington Student Achievement Council5

    Social/Emotional Needs

    Children and youth come into foster care through no fault of their own.

    Children and youth in foster care have experienced tremendous loss.

  • Washington Student Achievement Council6

    Students in foster care are a mobile population.

    Children and youth often enter foster care with gaps in their education.

    Children and youth in foster care often lack consistent adults who can serve as educational advocates.

    Educational Impact

  • Washington Student Achievement Council7

    Children and youth with disabilities account for at least 40 47 % of children in foster care.

    Children and youth in foster care may have inappropriate special education or mental health diagnosis.

    Disability

  • Washington Student Achievement Council8

    Once a child or youth enters foster care, there are many child welfare professionals working with them.

    Federal and state legislation supports students in foster care.

    Supports and resources are available to help youth transition out of foster care and pay for college.

    Connect students with disabilities to appropriate adult services before they leave high school.

    How to Help

  • Its not just a dream

    College: Its a Financial Reality

  • Washington Student Achievement Council10

    Simple Message:

    If a young person has been in foster care at anytime after turning 13, his or her classes will likely be paid for at most Washington State colleges.

    Heres why

  • Federal Financial Aid

    Washington Student Achievement Council11

    https://youtu.be/c-23SMf5DyQhttps://youtu.be/c-23SMf5DyQ

  • Washington Student Achievement Council12

    Formula for Determining Aid

    Cost of Attendance (COA)

    Established and varies by school

    Expected Family Contribution (EFC)

    Determined by FAFSA and same for all schools

    Financial Aid Formula

    COA EFC = need

  • Washington Student Achievement Council13

    Filling Financial Need

    Need based aid based on financial need as demonstrated by the FAFSA.

    Merit Based Aid based on academic achievement-GPA/SAT/ etc.

    Gift Aid grants, scholarships that do not need to be paid back

    Self-Help Aid includes loans and work study that need to be earned or paid back.

  • Washington Student Achievement Council14

    FAFSA EFC

    EFC = Expected Family Contribution

    Students (and their familys) ability to pay for college.

    A students EFC determines the amount of gift they will receive.

    Most gift aid comes from the federal and state government and is based solely on financial need.

    Gift aid does not need to re-paid!

  • State Financial Aid Programs

    Washington Student Achievement Council (WSAC)

    College Bound Scholarship

    State Need Grant

    Passport to College Scholarship

    Department of Social and Health Services (Childrens Administration)

    Education and Training Voucher

    Washington Student Achievement Council15

  • State Aid - WSAC

    College Bound Scholarship

    Students auto-enrolled if they are a dependent of the state between 7th and 12th grade or up to age 21 if they have not graduated from high school.

    State commitment to provide the student with enough state financial aid to cover tuition, plus a small book allowance.

    State Need Grant

    States largest financial aid program.

    CBS students receive priority for State Need Grant funding.

    Foster youth receive priority funding.

    Washington Student Achievement Council16

  • State Aid - WSAC

    Passport to College Scholarship

    Eligibility requirements: State dependency in Washington for at least one year after age 16,

    and in care at age 17.5 or emancipation.

    Attendance at an eligible college in Washington.

    Enrollment in college prior to age 22.

    Provides up to $4,500 per year to help cover a students cost of attendance.

    50 colleges have a Viable Plan for supporting Passport students. Support services are funded through a state incentive grant.

    Contract with College Success Foundation for student outreach, mentoring, and professional development for colleges and community supporters.

    Washington Student Achievement Council17

  • Passport to College Application

    Passport Consent form available at:http://readysetgrad.org/college/passport-foster-youth-promise-program

    Common application available at:www.independence.wa.gov

    FAFSAIndicates foster care / independent filing status

    Washington Student Achievement Council18

    http://readysetgrad.org/college/passport-foster-youth-promise-programhttp://www.independence.wa.gov/

  • State Aid Childrens Administration

    Education and Training Voucher (ETV) Program

    Provides financial assistance to eligible students to attend an accredited college or university, vocational or technical college.

    Maximum ETV award in 2016-17 is $5,000.

    Awards are unique to each student and are determined based on unmet financial need.

    ETV can be used if attending college in another state.

    Running Start students may be eligible for up to $2,000. Books and supplies Fees Transportation Parking pass

    Washington Student Achievement Council19

  • State Aid Childrens Administration

    To be eligible for the ETV program, the student must meet at least one of the following criteria:

    16 to 20 years old, in a dependency action in WA state or tribal court, in the custody of DSHS or tribal welfare agency, and in foster care.

    18 to 20 years old and exited state or tribal foster care because they turned 18.

    Enrolled in the Extended Foster Care program.

    16 to 20 years old and left care for an adoptive or relative guardianship.

    Students must: Receive funds before turning 21, but not older than 23. Be eligible for aid and have unmet need. Enroll at least half-time and take at least one 100-level course. Maintain satisfactory academic progress (2.0 GPA or higher).

    Washington Student Achievement Council20

  • ETV Eligible and Ineligible Uses

    Eligible:

    Tuition, books and supplies, including a uniform

    Rent and housing deposit

    Utilities and phone bill

    Food and personal expenses

    Safeway gift card

    Childcare

    Transportation costs, vehicle repair, maintenance and insurance

    Washington Student Achievement Council21

    Ineligible:

    Alcohol and tobacco products

    Car tabs / licensing

    Regular clothing

    Furniture

    Household appliances & housewares

    Cell phones

    Vehicle payments

  • ETV Application Process

    New applicants: Complete online application

    Renewal Applicants: Online application will be available for the 2017-18 academic year

    Deadlines: Priority: January 1 April 30

    Waitlist: May 1 July 31

    The ETV program is still accepting applications. Applications are processed in the order they are received.

    www.independence.wa.gov

    Washington Student Achievement Council22

  • ETV Supporting Documents

    If a student is approved to participate in ETV, staff will request the following:

    ETV Participant Agreement

    ETV Consent Form

    FAFSA Confirmation email or Student Aid Report (SAR)

    Financial aid award letter showing cost of attendance (COA)

    Class schedule with number of credits

    Unofficial transcripts with GPA

    Washington Student Achievement Council23

  • Heres some great news!

    Jacks Story

  • Washington Student Achievement Council25

    Whose income needs to be on

    Jacks FAFSA?

    Entered foster care at age 10

    Was adopted at 14

    Currently a high school senior

    Plans to attend Eastern Washington University

    Worked as a camp counselor

  • Washington Student Achievement Council26

    Review:

    Foster care after thirteenth birthday = independent student.

    Independent students DO NOT have to include any guardians financial info on the FAFSA.

    Jacks Expected Family Contribution (EFC) is only based on his own income.

    Jacks Expected Family Contribution (EFC) is ZERO!

    Therefore Jacks need is the full cost of attendance (Remember COA-EFC=Need).

  • Washington Student Achievement Council27

    What Does Having a Zero EFC Mean?

  • Washington Student Achievement Council30

    Simple message:

    If a young person has been in foster care at any time after turning 13, his or her classes will likely be paid for at most Washington State colleges.

  • Why is it important to share this

    message with young people as

    soon as possible?

  • Washington Student Achievement Council32

    Eliminate Finances as a Barrier to Belief!

  • Washington Student Achievement Council33

    College Bound high school graduation rate is more than 10 points higher than low-income student rate!

    The College Bound Effect

  • Washington Student Achievement Council34

    Preparing for College....

  • Its Not Just A Dream

    Its a Plan!

  • Washington Student Achievement Council36

    Provides youth the opportunity for their voices to be heard

    to create personally meaningful goals

    Increases motivation

    Builds self-determination

    Helps youth identify needs and/or extracurricular activities they want to

    participate in (community engagement/ social capital)

    people they can count on

    Why Create a Youth-Driven Plan?

  • Washington Student Achievement Council37

    Believing you can control your own destiny.

    A combination of attitudes and abilities that lead people to set goals for themselves and take the initiative to reach them.

    Not necessarily the same as self-sufficiency or independence.

    Taking control and responsibility for ones life.

    Experiencing the consequences of making choices.

    What is Self Determination?

  • Washington Student Achievement Council38

    People and levels of support may change over time (e.g., placement changes, aging out).

    Desire to protect youth in foster care may hinder opportunities to build self-determination.

    Decisions are often made for them not by them.

    There may be few opportunities to take supported risks.

    Importance of Self Determination for Youth

    Who Experience Foster Care

  • Washington Student Achievement Council39

    Tools for Building a Youth Driven Plan

    Sociogram

    Community Integration Tool

  • Washington Student Achievement Council40

    Sociogram

    Helps youth identify Sources of support

    People they can count on

    Extracurricular/leisure activities

    A champion for their plan

    Allows youth to visualize their relationships and the value of them.

  • Washington Student Achievement Council41

    Community Integration Tool

    Address skills needed to successfully transition to adult life.

    May also be useful as a starting point, if youth (or family) has a hard time talking about or identifying personally meaningful goals.

  • Washington Student Achievement Council42

    This tool is helpful, if youth has a hard time talking about career or educational goals.

    Community Integration Tool

  • Washington Student Achievement Council43

    Write Down Action Items

    Can be on paper, smartphone, or

    computer

    Encourages self evaluation and

    monitoring

  • Washington Student Achievement Council44

    Cultivate Belief!

    Connect to helpful people!

    Be a champion of their plan!

    Now That the Youth Has a Plan

  • Washington Student Achievement Council46

    Connect them to resources and people who can help!

    www.ReadySetGrad.org/fostercare

    www.independence.wa.gov

    Kathy Ramsay Dawn Cypriano McAferty

    DSHS, ETV WSAC, Passport to College

    Ramsaka@dshs.wa.gov Dawnc@wsac.wa.gov

    Whats Next?

    http://www.readysetgrad.org/fostercarehttp://www.independence.wa.gov/mailto:Ramsaka@dshs.wa.govmailto:Dawnc@wsac.wa.gov