Chesapeake: Pioneer Papermaker: A History of the Company and Its Communityby Alonzo Thomas Dill

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<ul><li><p>North Carolina Office of Archives and History</p><p>Chesapeake: Pioneer Papermaker: A History of the Company and Its Community by AlonzoThomas DillReview by: James F. DosterThe North Carolina Historical Review, Vol. 46, No. 2 (April, 1969), pp. 195-196Published by: North Carolina Office of Archives and HistoryStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23518127 .Accessed: 13/06/2014 00:44</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>North Carolina Office of Archives and History is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extendaccess to The North Carolina Historical Review.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 188.72.126.47 on Fri, 13 Jun 2014 00:44:45 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ncoahhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/23518127?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>Book Reviews 195 </p><p>seem to understand that if the Court had not taken note of the con </p><p>gressional attitude, it might have been subordinated, and that then a </p><p>permanent alteration in the American system might have occurred. </p><p>T. Harry Williams </p><p>Louisiana State University </p><p>Chesapeake: Pioneer Papermaker: A History of the Company and Its Community. By Alonzo Thomas Dill. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1968. Illustrations, notes, appendixes, bibliography, index. Pp. xx, 356. $8.50.) </p><p>The Chesapeake Corporation is a major producer of kraft pulp, </p><p>paper, and paperboard, and its operations have throughout its history been centered in West Point, Virginia, on the York Estuary. There in </p><p>1914 the Fox Paper Company of Lockland, Ohio, through an affiliate established a pioneer kraft mill. Through shifting patterns of tech </p><p>nology, war, and ownership the mill emerged in 1918 as a going thing, </p><p>modestly successful but available for sale to new owners. </p><p>Elis Olsson, a Norwegian immigrant with a papermaking background, then entered the picture. Olsson had worked for several paper manu </p><p>facturers in the United States and knew paper technology quite </p><p>thoroughly. He and an associate persuaded Christoffer Hannevig, a </p><p>young Norwegian financial adventurer in New York, to provide most </p><p>of the money to buy the West Point mill, which they then operated under the corporate name of Chesapeake Corporation, beginning November 15, 1918. In 1921 Virginia interests came into control of the </p><p>company. Olsson gradually advanced into the principal position of </p><p>leadership, and apparently ownership, and for many years he dominated </p><p>the company. In 1958 the leadership passed to his son, Sture Gordon </p><p>Olsson. </p><p>The company and the little town of West Point grew and prospered </p><p>together during the decade of the 1920's. Technical problems were </p><p>mastered, and markets were rapidly expanded. In the 1930's, the </p><p>depression decade, the company had its troubles but continued its </p><p>expansion program. It was by then well established and financially </p><p>strong, and it displayed every evidence of good management and </p><p>intelligent foresight. In the years since 1940 there has been continued </p><p>expansion, as the company has shared in the rapid growth of the </p><p>kraft paper industry. The company's book value grew from $541,000 </p><p>in 1918 to $44,808,400 in 1966, while in the same period the production of the pulp mill expanded from 17.5 tons to 1,065 tons per day. </p><p>This content downloaded from 188.72.126.47 on Fri, 13 Jun 2014 00:44:45 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>196 The North Carolina Historical Review </p><p>The author chronicles every change in top management personnel and loads his narrative with names and trivialities which for most </p><p>readers have no significance. He seeks to chronicle all important events </p><p>in the company's history and to give an evolving picture of the town </p><p>of West Point and of its people and transportation facilities. An appen dix provides numerous tabulations which measure the company's </p><p>growth and to some extent reflect its problems. The author, however, </p><p>gives an inadequate picture of the dynamic growth of the southern </p><p>pulp and paper industry and of the Chesapeake Corporation's position in it. </p><p>James F. Doster </p><p>University of Alabama </p><p>OTHER RECENT PUBLICATIONS </p><p>Collectors of North Caroliniana will want to acquire a copy of A </p><p>Sketch of the Ufe of Queen Charlotte, 1744-1818, by Mary Myers Dwelle, "A Bicentennial Tribute from Her Namesake," published by the Charlotte Bicentennial Commission. In a very brief text Charlotte </p><p>Sophia, youngest daughter of the Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who </p><p>became the wife of George III of England, has been portrayed interest </p><p>ingly and sympathetically by Mrs. Dwelle through the use of one of </p><p>the young girl's letters, by glimpses at the Queen's family life, and by a description of the age of Queen Charlotte in eighteenth-century </p><p>England. A remarkable and popular woman, Queen Charlotte's likeness will be found today in hundreds of portraits and miniatures which </p><p>were produced by such famous artists as Gainsborough, Hogarth, Allan Ramsay, Joshua Reynolds, and Josiah Wedgwood. A list of some </p><p>of the portraits of Queen Charlotte and the names of their owners is </p><p>provided by the author. The book has been produced in a most </p><p>attractive format by Heritage Printers, Inc. On the cover of the hard </p><p>board binding of simulated leather is a color reproduction of Ramsay's oil painting of the Queen which hangs in the Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte, as a gift of Mrs. Westray Battle. The wide margins of the </p><p>30-page work and the endpapers are decorated with artistic symbols of the period. The price is $2.50, and copies can be obtained from the </p><p>publisher at 510 West Fourth Street, Charlotte, N. C., 28202. </p><p>This content downloaded from 188.72.126.47 on Fri, 13 Jun 2014 00:44:45 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p>Article Contentsp. 195p. 196</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsThe North Carolina Historical Review, Vol. 46, No. 2 (April, 1969), pp. 83-200Front MatterTHE PROGRESSIVE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION OF 1914 IN NORTH CAROLINA [pp. 83-104]PAPERS FROM THE SIXTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL SESSION OF THE NORTH CAROLINA LITERARY AND HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION: Charlotte, December 6, 1968INTRODUCTION [pp. 105-105]REVIEW OF NORTH CAROLINA NONFICTION: 1967-1968 [pp. 106-112]REVIEW OF NORTH CAROLINA FICTION, 1967-1968 [pp. 113-121]INDEPENDENT MECKLENBURG [pp. 122-129]AN ERA OF EDUCATIONAL CHANGE [pp. 130-141]OLD MECKLENBURG AND THE MEANING OF THE AMERICAN EXPERIENCE [pp. 142-156]WIMBLE'S MAPS AND THE COLONIAL CARTOGRAPHY OF THE NORTH CAROLINA COAST [pp. 157-170]</p><p>NORTH CAROLINA BIBLIOGRAPHY, 1967-1968 [pp. 171-177]BOOK REVIEWSReview: untitled [pp. 178-180]Review: untitled [pp. 180-181]Review: untitled [pp. 181-182]Review: untitled [pp. 183-184]Review: untitled [pp. 184-185]Review: untitled [pp. 186-187]Review: untitled [pp. 187-188]Review: untitled [pp. 188-189]Review: untitled [pp. 189-190]Review: untitled [pp. 191-192]Review: untitled [pp. 192-193]Review: untitled [pp. 193-195]Review: untitled [pp. 195-196]OTHER RECENT PUBLICATIONS [pp. 196-199]</p><p>Back Matter</p></li></ul>