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  • FM 10-27



    ISSUE CONTROLSBecause of high cost and the possibility of unfore-seen demands, Class IV items (and some Class II)may be placed under controls not applied to otherclasses of supply. These controls include selec-tive stockage and command approval of itemsbefore they are issued.

    Selective StockageThe MMC selects the type and amount of items tobe stocked at supply points. As a rule, these itemsare stocked only after they have been requested aset number of times in a given period. This pre-vents large inventories that would impede mobility.

    Command ApprovalIssues must often be controlled if items in shortsupply are to be on hand for priority requests.Expensive, highly technical, or scarce items areoften placed on regulated or command-controlledlists. Items on these lists are critical to a localcommand for an indefinite period. Division com-manders may compose a list of command-controlleditems critical to their command. Command ap-proval is required before an item on this list can beissued. Requests for the item must be sent throughchannels to the commander who made the list. DAprints the lists, and only the commander whoinitiated the list may take an item off the list.

    MOBILITY CONSTRAINTSThere are specific mobility requirements that ap-ply to DSUs and their subordinate elements. TheASL mobility index is the percentage of the totalcube of essential stocks that can be transported inone lift with transportation assets that are organicto the DSU. Mobility requirements are in AR 710-2.All ASL items that can be stored in bins must betruck- or van-mounted. DSU forward elements

    supporting a brigade (maintenance company orsupply company, FSB) must be able to move 90percent of their ASL items within 30 minutes andthe remainder within 4 hours. All DSU elementssupporting division or large combat units must be50 percent mobile in one lift and must be able tomove the remainder of their ASL by shuttle. Weightand cube data are listed on the AMDF and can beprovided by ADP equipment. If corps transporta-tion assets are not dedicated, DSUs need to re-quest transportation from their battalion. Requestswould then be passed from the DISCOM MCO tothe COSCOM MCO. He coordinates with theDTO who then coordinates with the COSCOMMCT or MCC.


    The decision on whether or not to repair a clothingor a textile item is based on the total cost to repairthat item. For personal clothing items to be eco-nomically reparable, the cost of repair must not bemore than 35 percent of the cost of the item. Fortextile items, the cost to repair the item must notexceed 65 percent of the cost of the item. Therepair cost includes labor, materials, transporta-tion, and overhead. The theater commander mayneed to publish a repair policy that would relaxthese repair limitations for critical items and itemsin short supply.

    PROCUREMENTMost secondary items are procured with stockfunds. A MAT CAT code enables the requisitionerto know if funds are required to requisition theitem. It also identifies the type of funds used toprocure the item locally. A requisition for stock-funded or OMA-funded items requires that the

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    requester have OMA funds and the requisitioner item is procurement appropriation-financed. Thishave either OMA funds or stock fund obligation means that it is generally a free issue. The thirdauthority available. An alphabetic character in the position of the code shows whether an item issecond position of the MAT CAT indicates that an reparable or nonreparable.



    HOUSEKEEPING SUPPLIESThere are over 100,000 Class II items listed in theAMDF. Class II items include clothing, indi-vidual equipment, tentage, organizational tool setsand kits, hand tools, and administrative and house-keeping supplies and equipment. Parkas, combatboots, general-purpose tents, general mechanictool sets, hammers, file cabinets, and paper towelsare examples of each type. Class II also includesNBC-related items. Class II subclasses are identi-fied in Appendix B. The Defense Personnel Sup-port Center procures and manages most of theClass II clothing and individual equipment usedby the Army.

    Authorized Clothing AllowancesCTAs 50-900, 50-909, and 50-970 list basis ofissue allowances for Class II items. Clothing al-lowances for contingency plans and mobilizationmust conform with that shown in the ActiveArmy-Mobilization column of CTA 50-900. Theonly exceptions to this are special issue and cloth-ing allowances authorized by special lists or move-ment orders. Mobilization clothing allowancesare mandatory. However, because of existing cli-matic conditions, commanders should use cautionin prescribing full clothing allowances through-out a given command.Discretionary allowances. An additional allow-ance may be authorized by movement orders forthe health and comfort of soldiers assigned duty incertain climatic zones. Parka liners and mitten insertsare examples of discretionary items authorized for


    operations in cold climates. Discretionary allow-ances are listed in CTA 50-900, Appendix I. Theyare issued at the discretion of the major com-mander or major Army subcommander. The au-thority to issue discretionary items may be del-egated to subordinate commands.

    Contingency force allowances. When allowancesare considered inadequate for possible deploy-ment to a specific zone of operation, contingencyforce commanders may obtain approval from DAto modify the allowances listed in the ActiveArmy-Mobilization column of CTA 50-900. Anadditional canteen and canteen cover for hot desertareas is an example of a special allowance which maybe authorized to meet contingency force requirements.

    RequirementsRequirements for clothing and individual equip-ment are based on seven climatic zones. Thesezones are explained in CTA 50-900, Appendix D.Clothing may also be issued on the basis of MOSslisted in CTA 50-900, Appendix F. The theater orcontingency force commander or the FORSCOMor readiness command commander designates thoseitems in the Active Army-Mobilization col-umn of CTA 50-900 which are to be worn orcarried and those which are to be transported. Re-quirements for other items of Class II, such as admin-istrative supplies, are based on unit, organization, oractivity needs. CTA 50-970 lists initial issue andinitial stockage levels for expendable and durable

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    items. Replenishment quantities must be based ondemands and anticipated requirements.

    Consumption RatesIn 1987, FM 101-10-1/2 listed the consumptionrate for Class II as 3.67 pounds per person per day.The rate may vary depending on force size.


    MACOMs designate the units which must keepbasic loads of Class II supplies. Basic loads sus-tain operations in combat for a prescribed numberof days. The method for determining the stockagelevel will be prescribed. AR 710-2, Chapter 2,authorizes up to 15 days stockage of expendableCTA 50-970 Class II operational load items tosustain peacetime operations. A seven-day levelshould be enough when operational load items arealso available through an SSSC. Operational loadsupplies may be moved into combat if transporta-tion assets are available after essential lift re-quirements are met.

    Responsibility and AccountabilityThe commander is responsible for durable itemsin the basic load. Hand-receipt procedures areused to assign responsibility for durable items butare not required for expendable items. Propertybook accountability is not required for durableand expendable Class II basic load items.

    ReplenishmentBasic load items must be on hand or on order at alltimes. Replenish these items as they are used.

    RecordsThough property book records are not kept forClass II durable and expendable items, maintainrecords of demands for basic load items. Docu-ment registers must also be kept, but post only thedocument number, description, quantity, and date.

    Load ListA list of Class II basic load items must be on fileat the using unit. Give a copy of the initial list tothe SSA. Give list changes to the SSA after thefirst and every other periodic review. Prepare anew list for the using commanders approval, and

    send it to the SSA after the second and every otherperiodic review.

    INVENTORY REQUIREMENTSAR 710-2, Chapter 2, requires that all items beinventoried at least annually. Inventory Class IIbasic load items during the regular review period.Inventory durable items in Class II operationalloads annually or upon change of responsibility. Inven-tory components when the end item is inventoried.

    Property Book ItemsAccount for Class II items on property books.Account for items in the authorized column ofauthorization documents when the quantity in therequired column is less than that authorized. Ac-count for CTA 50-900 items (except insignia andinitial and supplemental clothing issued accord-ing to AR 700-84). Account for CTA 50-909 itemsand on-hand or on-request nonexpendable specialtools and test equipment authorized by an MTOE,a TDA, a JTA, or a CTA and which are listed in aTM or which are not separately type-classified.AR 710-2 requires that property book items beinventoried--

    Upon receipt. (The receiving person must con-duct a complete inventory.)

    Prior to being turned in.When issued on a hand receipt. (The receiving

    person must conduct a complete inventory.)Upon change of responsible officer.Upon change of PBO.When directed by the commander.During the required annual property book in-

    ventory.During the annual responsible officer inven-

    tory.When property books are kept at other than the usingunit level, the PBO may require a cyclic, monthly,quarterly, or semiannual inventory in place of therequired annual inventory. The PBO must conduct anannual inventory of items not issued on hand receipts.

    OCIEOCIE must be inventoried when the soldier has beendropped from the rolls, hospitalized, hospitalized for


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    more than 60 days (and OCIE was not previously the tactical situation. Requirements for using unitsinventoried), ordered to permanently change sta- to perform inventories cease in wartime. Invento-tion while on emergency leave, or placed in an ries should be taken merely to determine the quan-absent-without-leave status. tity on hand and the condition or status of prop-

    erty. However, these inventories do not have to beWartime Inventories documented. If the situation allows, a cyclic in-

    Inventory requirements during actual wartime con- ventory may be conducted. Though discrepancies shouldditions depend on the level of organization and be recorded, they do not have to be reported.


    INITIAL ISSUESince a large percentage of logistical planning isdone using maps, a major requirement for anyoperation is an adequate supply of maps. Require-ments vary depending on force structure, probableduration of planned operations, quantity of mapstocks set aside for the task force, quantity in unitbasic loads, and anticipated battlefield mobility.The initial issue of maps for three corps (12divisions) ranges from 2.7 to 3 million copies(weighing from 135 to 150 tons). However, theDefense Mapping Agency shipped more than 45million maps (about 2,250 tons) to SouthwestAsia in support of only two corps during Opera-tion Desert Shield. Small- and medium-scale mapsare issued in small quantities to headquarters only.Quantities vary depending on the size and missionof the headquarters. Large-scale maps are thestandard maps normally issued in the main battlearea. Initial issue allowances for large-scale mapsdepend on the type of unit. Small quantities ofjoint ground-to-air operation graphics are issuedto headquarters. Two copies are issued per organicArmy aircraft. One copy should be issued per airdefense artillery fire unit. Road maps are issuedon the basis of one map per vehicle. Limitedquantities may also be issued to unit headquarters.Small quantities of maps and map products areissued to interagency teams, such as law enforce-ment, in support of peacetime contingency operations.

    THEATER RESERVE STOCKSFor operations on a mobile battlefield to be effec-tive, topographic data and pre-positioned stocks


    must be available in deployed units. Actualstockage levels vary according to the types ofunits. NATO nations have accepted productionresponsibilities to ensure that preplanned stocksof standard maps are available for interchangebetween allied forces.

    Division ReserveThe division reserve may equal one brigade basic load.

    Corps ReserveThe corps reserve may equal one division basicload plus an equal amount of blank paper andprinting supplies. A 10-day corps reserve could equal400,000 to 650,000 copies and weigh 20 to 32.5 tons.

    Theater Army ReserveThis reserve may equal a five-division basic loadplus an equal amount of blank paper and printingsupplies. A QM map supply detachment assignedto the QM supply company, GS, maintains a 30- to60-day reserve stockage of topographic supplies.A 45-day theater depot reserve could range from 5.4 to9.0 million copies and weigh 270 to 450 tons.

    REQUIREMENTSFrom 100,000 to 120,000 copies may be neededdaily to resupply three corps (12 divisions). Thisrequirement is based on the map replenishmentpercentages listed in FM 101-10-1/1, Chapter 6.The formula in Table 3-1, page 3-5, may be usedto estimate map requirements for an operation.

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    Replenishment EstimatesReplenishment of small-scale maps is 50 percentof initial requirements. Replenishment of me-dium- and large-scale maps may reach 100 percentof initial requirements.

    Operation Plan RequirementsAR 115-11 requires that topographic guidance beincluded in all OPLANs and orders. OPLANsmust include topographic appendixes or sectionswhich describe the map support needed to com-plete a tactical operation. These OPLANs shouldinclude the following:

    Size and makeup of the envisioned task force.Initial map issue allowances.Existence, quantity, and currency of map stocks

    which have been or will be set aside for the task force.Quantity held by task force units in unit basic

    loads.Possible duration of the tactical operation.Degree of allied topographic support antici-

    pated.Anticipated map shortfall.Ways to decrease any shortfall. This may

    include anticipated support from indigenous govern-mental and civilian agencies.

    Deployment phasing and security consider-ations.

    REQUISITION PROCEDURESThe DMA publishes catalogs of standard maps,charts, and map products. Catalogs are availabledown to separate-company level. All standardmap products have a unique number that identifiesthe map series, sheet, and edition. Maps may be

    requisitioned using ADP systems and the DMA catalognumber as a manufacturers part number.

    Theater RequisitionA catalog of maps may be prescribed for usewithin a theater. Instructions for preparing re-quests are listed in the catalog or map index. Mapsneeded to support critical situations are requisi-tioned according to MACOM instructions. The S2 orG2 validates requests for nonstandard map products.

    Classified RequisitionsAR 380-5 shows how to prepare classified requi-sitions. According to AR 115-11, requisitions formaps must be classified when map indexes indi-cate that a map is classified, when size or nature ofthe requisition indicates a classified operation, orwhen geographic coverage reveals the location ofa classified operation. All classified product req-uisitions and supplies are handled by intelligencechannels. However, GS map supply points storeclassified maps.

    Special Map ProductsRequests for special maps and map products gothrough command channels to supporting engi-neer map elements. Special products are thoseitems historically provided to commanders byArmy topographic engineers. These products in-clude terrain intelligence products, analysis andsurveys of all kinds, map overprinting, and over-lays. Special products are produced in response tospecific command requests. These products donot enter the supply system. If the need is greatenough or DMA cannot obtain suitable maps from


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    any source, engineer topographic units in the the-ater have the ability to print small quantities ofmaps. Requirements for small-quantity, quick-service map printing is normally validated by therequesting unit S2 or G2. The request is forwardedto the engineer topographic control detachment.This unit coordinates with the MMC to requisitionany standard products to satisfy overprints orother special preparation of map products. If di-rected by local commanders, some engineer-producedspecial products may be assigned local controlnumbers and be stocked and distributed by theGSU map storage site.


    The DMA provides standard maps. Engineer car-tographic units in the theater update and, as nec-essary, prepare locally unique nonstandard maps.Requisitions for unclassified maps flow throughsupply channels to a QM map supply detachment.Requisitions for classified maps must be sentthrough S2 or G2 channels. The QuartermasterCorps proponent units are assuming the missionfor the receipt, storage, and issue of standard mapsand map products.

    Brigade Support AreaUsing units submit requests for maps to theirsupporting forward Class II, III packaged, IV, andVII supply point run by a supply company in the

    BSA. These requests are transmitted to the supplycompany in the DSA.

    Division Support AreaUsing units in the DSA submit requests to theirClass II, III packaged, IV, and VII supply pointrun by supply company personnel. This companytransmits requests to the DMMC. The DMMCmay cut an MRO directing the issue or prepare andtransmit requisitions to the CMMC. Battalion S2sverify, consolidate, and transmit requisitions forclassified maps to the division G2, who may thensend the requisitions to the corps G2.

    Corps Rear AreaIn the corps, personnel in QM general supplycompanies run a corps map supply point. Requisi-tions which cannot be filled in the corps are sentto the TAMMC.

    Communications ZoneAll units in the COMMZ submit requisitions formaps through their supporting DSU in the samemanner as units in the corps rear areas. If thetheater is developed enough to have a TAMMC, itacts as the item manager for maps. DMA mayoperate one or more map depots in the area inpeacetime and will continue to operate them inwar. The theater army map depot may be collo-cated with the DMA theater depot. In order tosatisfy requisitions, DMA may procure maps fromallied or other sources or draw from CONUS depots.



    There are nearly 4,000 Class IV items in the procured by the Defense Construction SupplyAMDF. They range from construction materials, Center of the Defense Logistics Agency.such as nails and lumber, to fortification andbarrier materials such as blackout curtains and Requirementsbarbed wire. Class IV items are often bulky and The GS supply base maintains 4 to 10 days ofare often required in large quantities. They are Class IV supplies plus OST. Requirements foroften under the control of engineer construction orga- items such as bridge equipment are based onnizations. Most Class IV construction supplies are barrier plans. Requests for such items normally


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    require command approval. CTA 50-970 authorizesbasis of issue allowances for Class IV items.

    Consumption RatesFM 101-10-1/2 sets 8.5 pounds per person per dayas the Class IV consumption rate. When the forceis a corps or larger, the consumption rate usedmust be adjusted to allow for the buildup of stocksto support base development and to repair wardamage to critical facilities. For each of the followingperiods, multiply the 8.5 rate by the factor shown:

    Period FactorD-Day to D+30 2.4D+31 to D+60 1.6D+61 to D+90 1.6D+91 to D+120 1.6D+121 to D+150 1.4D+151 to D+180 1.4D+181 and after 1.0

    More Class IV consumption rate data are availablefrom the proponents.


    Major commands determine which units mustmaintain a basic load of Class IV items for war.Up to 15 days of expendable Class IV operationalload items listed in CTA 50-970 may also bestocked. If transportation is available, operationalload items may be moved into combat. The com-mander is responsible for any durable items.

    Responsibility for durable items is assigned on handreceipts. Records of responsibility are not maintainedon expendable items. Since the basic load must beon hand or on order at all times, replenish Class IVbasic load items as they are used. Class IV basicload items are not maintained on property books.Records of demands, however, must be kept onbasic load items. A copy of the initial basic loadlist for Class IV items must be sent to the SSA.Changes found during the first and every otherperiodic review must also be sent to the SSA. Anew list should be prepared for the using unitcommanders approval and sent to the SSA afterthe second and every other review.

    INVENTORY REQUIREMENTSAR 710-2, Chapter 2, prescribes Class IV inven-tory requirements. Basic loads of Class IV sup-plies must be inventoried during the regularlyscheduled review period. Durable items in opera-tional loads must be inventoried annually or uponchange of responsibility, whichever occurs first.Inventories are not required for expendable itemsin operational loads. In war, using units mayinventory unit property to assess status and on-hand quantity. However, units do not need todocument the inventory. SSAs may conduct acyclic inventory if the situation allows. SSA in-ventory discrepancies must be recorded. How-ever, they do not need to be reported.


    DISTRIBUTION OF CLASS II ITEMS MapsMaintenance-related Class II items are distributed There are two separate distribution channels forby ALOC. See Chapter 1. All other Class II items maps. These distribution channels have been dis-are sent by sea or surface transportation. Their cussed previously in this chapter.distribution depends on the type of item.

    Clothing and Individual Equipment Other Class II ItemsDS or GS supply units replenish Class II stocks in SSSCs provide expendable Class II items. DSUsthe corps and COMMZ. and GSUs provide nonexpendable TOE items.


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    DISTRIBUTION OF CLASS IV ITEMSClass IV distribution is supported by the DSSconcept of direct delivery from one of threeCONUS wholesale depots to a DS or GS unit.Class IV items are distributed by surface means.They are shipped to the theater and then trans-ported by rail or vehicle to a theater army GSU forreplenishment issue.

    Controlled ItemsCTA 50-970 durable items must be controlled.Class IV regulated items are controlled throughcommand channels. Users send requests throughintermediate commands to the approving com-mander. The MMC tells the approving commanderif the item is available. After command approval,the MMC issues an MRO for the storage unit totransport the item to the user.

    Noncontrolled ItemsRequests for noncontrolled Class IV items aresent to the CMMC. If the items are on hand, theMMC sends an MRO to the supplying unit to issuethe item. When the items are not on hand, arequisition is sent to the TAMMC.


    The major GS supplier for Class II and IV is theQM general supply company. It also maintains aportion of the reserve stocks. In the heavy orinfantry divisions, the S&S company, MSB, pro-vides Class II and IV supplies to supported unitsin the DSA. The supply company, FSB, providesthese supplies in the BSA. In the light divisions,the headquarters and supply company, MSB, pro-vides supplies in the DSA. The headquarters andsupply company, FSB, provides supplies in theBSA. The S&T company supports separate bri-gades. The S&T troop supports the ACR. The QMsupply company, DS, supports nondivisionaltroops in the corps rear and division areas. Formore details, including the amount of support ineach class, see FM 10-27-2, Chapter 2.

    SUPPLY POINTSForward units are supported by forward supply points.The DMMC determines the types and quantities of

    items to be stored. Forward supply points gener-ally maintain fast-moving items only. Other itemsare held in the DSA. As a rule, the DMMC sendsan MRO to the supply point directing it to issue anitem. However, if authorized, main supply pointsmay fill high-priority requests, then notify theDMMC of the issue. The number and location ofsupply points may vary. However, a division isusually organized with three forward points andone main point.

    Forward Supply PointsThere is a forward supply point in each BSA.These points are operated by elements of theDISCOM, normally by the supply company, FSB.Separate brigades submit requisitions to the bri-gade MMC. Divisions send requisitions to theDMMC. Local policy may require that requests besent through the FSB.

    Main Supply PointSupply companies set up a main supply point inthe DSA. This supply point supports divisionalunits in the DSA. It also replenishes stocks inforward supply points in the BSA. Divisionalunits in the DSA send requests to the main supplypoint which, in turn, sends the requests to theDMMC. DS supply companies, corps support bat-talions, set up a Class II, III packaged, IV, and VIIpoint in the division area and throughout the corpsrear area in support of nondivisional forces.Nondivisional units send requests to their sup-porting supply point. The supply point forwardsrequisitions to the CMMC.

    Storage MethodsDepending on the tactical situation and transpor-tation assets, supply points may store suppliesusing one or more methods. In the unit pile method,supplies are grouped in piles according to the unitmaking the request. Unit trucks stop at the properpile. The customer loads and signs for the sup-plies. In the item pile method, supplies of one typeare stored in one location. Trucks can then movethrough the supply point for the unit soldiers to pick upeach type of item requested. In the truck-to-truck


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    method, supplies are passed directly from thetruck delivering to the main supply point to thetruck that will deliver supplies to forward supplypoints or supported units. This method keeps sup-plies under cover, allows for complete mobility,and saves time and handling. However, it may tieup transportation.

    Distribution MethodsSupplies may be distributed by supply point dis-tribution or unit distribution. Though the unitdistribution method is preferred, a combination ofsupply point distribution and unit distributionmay be used to distribute supplies.

    Supply point distribution. The receiving unit isissued supplies at a supply point. The receivingunit moves the supplies in its organic vehicles.Unit distribution. The receiving unit is issuedsupplies in its own area. Transportation is pro-vided by the issuing agency.

    CLOTHING EXCHANGE SOURCESClothing may be exchanged at clothing exchangepoints, CEB points, or unit supply sections. FM 10-27-2,Chapter 1, lists the sources of clothing exchangein a theater of operations. If exchange facilitiesare not available, clothing may be exchangeddirectly with a DSU. Clothing exchange facilitiesobtain initial exchange stocks and replacementsfor unserviceable items through standard Class II chan-nels. Details on CEB operations are in FM 10-280.

    SALVAGE COLLECTION POINTSSalvage is property that has some value beyondthat of its basic material content, is not economi-cally reparable, and can no longer be used for itsintended purpose. Salvage items include itemsthat are discarded, captured, uneconomically repa-rable, condemned, abandoned, and scrapped. Sal-vage collection points are an alternate source ofitems which can be placed back into the supplysystem for reissue. As a rule, the Class II, IIIpackaged, IV, and VII sections operate the divi-sion or brigade collection point. It is often locatednear the maintenance collection point. It receives

    all salvage materiel for which maintenance unitsdo not have maintenance responsibility. It re-ceives nonmechanical and nonelectrical items suchas clothing, tentage, and individual equipment. Alarge part of this type of salvage is generated byrecovering unneeded clothing and individualequipment from casualties. Medical clearing sta-tions should return these items to supply channelsfor processing and reissue. A salvage collectionpoint does not receive toxic agents, radioactive materi-als, aircraft, ammunition and explosives, COMSECequipment, and medical supplies. Units should bringsalvage materiel to the salvage collection point.

    ReceiptWhen receiving materiel, soldiers at the collectionpoint should check the item and its condition againstthe information shown on the turn-in document.

    StorageIdentify, classify, and segregate the items. Sal-vage collection points in the BSA depend onpoints in the DSA for final identification andclassification of items. If you are in the DSA,identify the item using technical publications.Determine if the item is serviceable orunserviceable. Protect serviceable items by usingtents, dunnage, and tarpaulins. Secure the itemsby providing continuous surveillance. Segregateitems in the holding area by serviceable andunserviceable scrap and waste.

    DisposalDispose of items based on guidance from theDMMC. In forward areas, use trucks that bringsupplies to the forward supply point to send mate-rial back to the DSA supply point. Send reparableitems to the maintenance shop. Send serviceableclothing and canvas to the laundry and renovationplatoon. The division intelligence officer shouldprovide you with disposition instructions for foreign orcaptured materials. Evacuate unreparable and scrapitems through salvage channels to a property disposalunit. Send a copy of the turn-in document and a copy ofDD Form 1348-1 to the DMMC. Use AR 725-50.


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    Figures 3-1, page 3-11, and 3-2, page 3-12, showthe flow of requisitions for Class II, III packaged,and IV supplies not delivered by ALOC during thetransition-to-war phase and during sustained war.During the transition phase, control of theaterarmy pre-positioned war reserve stocks in corpsrear areas shifts to the corps. High-priority re-quests for Class IV supplies and NMCS requisi-tions for Class IV supplies may be filled from in-theater war reserves maintained in corps andTAACOM GSUs. During sustained war, CONUSwar reserves and CONUS depots are used to re-plenish the 30-day sustaining stocks stored inTAACOM GSUs. Maintenance-related Class IIitems other than heavy tonnage items are providedby the ALOC. Certain Class IV items are selectedas controlled items. Requests for controlled itemsrequire command approval before items can beissued. All other Class II and IV items are shippedby ship, rail, or truck.

    Brigade Support AreaUsers submit DA Forms 2765 directly to the for-ward supply point. If the supplies are on hand, therequests are filled. Once the supplies are issued,the supply point forwards all requests to the DMMC(or separate brigade or regiment MMC) of the issuetransaction. To maintain mobility, forward supply pointsmaintain minimal stocks on hand. If an item is notavailable at a main supply point in the DSA, theDMMC prepares and sends a requisition to the CMMC.

    Division Support AreaDivisional units in the DSA send their requests tothe Class II, III packaged, IV, and VII supplypoint run by the headquarters and supply companyor S&S company. Nondivisional units send theirrequests to the QM supply company, DS. If possible,the supply point fills the request and annotates therequest to notify the DMMC of the issue. It forwards allrequests to the DMMC. The DMMC forwards requestsfor controlled items to the next-higher MMC. For


    noncontrolled items, the MMC performs a searchof its magnetic tapes or disks. If the item is onhand, the MMC cuts an MRO. It sends the MRO tothe supply point in the DSA and a copy to therequester. Depending on organic transportationassets, the supply point transports supplies to therequester or to a forward supply point. Users in thedivision rear usually go to the DSA supply pointto pickup supplies. If the item is not on hand in theDSA, the DMMC prepares a requisition and sendsit to the CMMC. It also prepares receipt cards foreach request. It sends one copy to the requestingunit and one to the supply point. Corps transpor-tation assets usually deliver Class II and IV sup-plies to the division supply point. If the situationpermits, supplies are delivered to the forwardsupply point in the BSA or to the requesting unit.Oversize Class IV loads maybe delivered directlyto the construction site.

    Corps Rear AreaNondivisional units in the corps rear area sendtheir requests to the QM supply company, DS,which, in turn, forwards the requests to the CMMC.The CMMC, in turn, forwards requests for con-trolled Class IV items to the TAMMC. The CMMCprepares and transmits daily replenishment requi-sitions to the TAMMC. The quantity ordered mustbe sufficient to fill the RO plus back orders. If theitem is on hand in the corps rear area, the CMMCwill normally cut an MRO directing a QM supplycompany, DS, to issue the item to the requestingunit. If the item is not on hand in the supportingDSU, the MMC may cut an MRO directing alateral issue or an issue from the QM supplycompany, GS. The CMMC coordinates movementrequirements with the CMCC. After the item isissued, the DSU or GSU sends an activity sum-mary back to the CMMC. If the item is not on handin the corps, the CMMC prepares a requisition andsends it to the TAMMC.

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    Communications ZoneQM supply companies, DS, support nondivisionalunits in the COMMZ as well as units passingthrough the COMMZ. Units send requests throughtheir supporting QM supply company, DS, to theTAACOM MMC. That MMC submits daily re-plenishment requisitions to the TAMMC. TheTAACOM MMC also transmits requests for con-trolled Class IV items to the TAMMC. TheTAMMC searches its files to determine if thecontrolled item is on hand in a TAACOM DSU orGSU. If the item is on hand, the TAACOM MMCcuts an MRO directing the supporting QM supplycompany, DS, to issue the item to the requestingunit. If the company does not have the item, theTAACOM MMC may cut an MRO directing alateral issue from another DSU or issue from a QMsupply company, GS. If the item is not on hand ina TAACOM unit, the TAMMC prepares and trans-mits a requisition to the appropriate NICP. TheNICP sends requisitions for controlled items tothe TAMMC. That MMC maintains records on 30days of Class II and IV items stored in QM supplycompanies, GS, throughout the COMMZ. Depend-ing on the situation, the TAMMC may cut an MROdirecting a QM supply company, GS, to issue theitem to a QM supply company, DS, in the COMMZor to a QM supply company, GS, in the corps. The

    TAMMC may also prepare and transmit a requisitionto the appropriate CONUS NICP.

    Distribution Flow from CONUSThe NICP cuts an MRO directing a CONUS depotto release the item. Normally, the item is thenshipped to a QM supply company, GS, in theCOMMZ. Depending on the tactical situation andavailable transportation assets, the item may besent on truck or rail as far forward into the theateras possible. However, surface throughput to DSUsor GSUs is expected only 20 percent of the time.

    AUTOMATIC RETURN ITEMSThe automatic return items program expedites theretrograde of selected secondary items in criticalstock positions that are considered as being recover-able. An automatic return items list is distributedquarterly with the AMDF. CDA Pamphlet 18-1-5describes codes on that list. Disposition instructionsfrom commodity managers are not needed for auto-matic return items. Due to their critical asset positions,automatic return items will be returned to CONUSdepots or repair facilities without prior receipt of dispo-sition instructions. Items coded E for expeditemust be returned on premium transportation. Credit isgiven for the return of Army stock find items. For moredetails, see AR 725-50 and AR710-1, Chapter 3.

    Section VI


    THEATER SOURCESThe major wholesale supplier of Class III pack-aged is the QM supply company, DS. As a rule,Class III packaged is received, stored, and issuedwith Class II, IV, and VII in a Class II, III pack-aged, IV, and VII section. See page 3-8 for infor-mation on theater sources of Class II and IV items.NOTE: Both the petroleum supply company andthe petroleum pipeline and terminal operatingcompany are authorized FARE. FARE may beused to fill 5-gallon cans, 55-gallon drums, and500-gallon collapsible drums from supplies of

    bulk fuel. In this sense, these companies provideClass III packaged supplies. However, since theydo not provide lubricants and oils, they do nothave a true Class III packaged supply mission. Fordetails on the amount of support in the sections ineach of these companies, see FM 10-27-2, Chapter 2.


    If lubricants are required in large quantities, sup-port battalions may periodically forecast needs


  • FM 10-27

    and forward stock status reports from supply pointsto the DMMC. The DMMC then uses these statusreports to compute overall requirements for thedivision. When Class III packaged products areused in small quantities, they are requested orrequisitioned like Class II and IV items. FM 10-1,Chapter 5, details the requisition and materielflow for Class III packaged supplies in a theater.


    Use advance copies of DD Form 1348-1 to plan forthe receipt of Class III packaged items. After theseitems are received, check containers for leaks,illegible or improper markings, or incorrect pack-aging. Receiving tests are unnecessary if contain-ers have no leaks and markings properly identify theproducts. However, upon receipt of pre-positionedwar reserve stocks of packaged petroleum prod-ucts, reserve storage activities must take samplesand prepare DD Forms 1222 and 1225. Damagedcontainers should be issued immediately and notreturned to the supplier. Containers of positivelyidentified products should be remarked. If thecontents cannot be identified, a sample should besent to the petroleum laboratory.


    Procedures and instructions for storing Class IIIpackaged products are described in MIL-HDBK 201and in FM 10-69, Chapter 16. Improper storagecan lead to contamination of the product becauseof deterioration or corrosion of the container andcan result in a possible fire hazard. Table 3-2,page 3-15, lists storage concerns for packagedproducts. If a gasoline can is leaking or looks asthough it might leak, transfer the product to an-other container. Store only one product in eachstorage section, and store the product so that theoldest is issued first. DOD 4145.19-R-1, Chapter2, discusses covered storage and the use of bins,

    shelves, metal pallets (for storage of small lotitems), and racks.

    Stacking of Cans and DrumsProvide stacking areas for each product and typeof package. This aids inventory control and cor-rect labeling of products. The layout and size ofthe stacking area are determined by local condi-tions, safety requirements, and container size.Separate stacks of a single product so that the entirestock of one product is not lost during attack or fire. SeeFM 10-69 for more details on stacking.

    Storage of PackagedLubricants and Grease

    Packaged lubricating oil and grease should gener-ally be stored indoors. When storage buildings areunavailable, packaged lubricants and grease maybe stored outdoors if they are protected by tarpau-lins. DOD 4145. 19-R-1, Chapter 5, provides de-tails for storing lubricating oil, grease, and paint.

    InspectionsPlace special emphasis on inspection of petroleumstocks and storage areas. Inspect containers forwar reserve stocks semiannually using statisticalsampling methods. Inspect containers for otherpetroleum stocks. As a part of a quality surveil-lance program, petroleum personnel must periodi-cally inspect the storage areas set up by supply sections.MIL-HDBK 200 prescribes inspection frequencies.

    Field MarkingsMark packaged fuels and lubricants in line withinstructions in MIL-STD-290 or according to pro-visions of the procurement contract. Mark con-tainers transported by military aircraft accordingto TM 38-250. To make sure 500-gallon collaps-ible drums used for fuel are not used for water,mark them FLAMMABLE. Mark each con-tainer with a standard nomenclature or short identi-fication of the product. The designations authorized forfield use include MOGAS, AVGAS, JP, and DF.


  • FM 10-27

    Loading ProceduresFM 10-69, Chapter 16, has details on loadingprocedures. Products transported by aircraft mustbe packaged and handled according to TM 38-250.Equip transport vehicles with a 10-B-C fire extin-guisher or one of greater capacity. Tie and bracecontainers so that they will not shift or becomedamaged during transit. This means that supplypoint personnel may need to build braces and tofill slack space with planks or dunnage to ensurestacks are stable. Railcar doorways should beprotected with wooden gates. Dunnage should be

    placed between tiers of 5-gallon cans and betweentiers of drums.

    TransportationMethods for delivering packaged petroleum prod-ucts to dispensing points vary with terrain, tacti-cal situation, type and quantity of product, andtransportation resources available. The products aredelivered in vehicles and tank cars. Petroleum productsthat are stored in drums, cans, cylinders, and pails canbe transported by standard military vehicles or railcars.Air transport should be used as an emergency measure.


    REQUIREMENTSClass III packaged items include liquid and com-pressed gases. The major requirement is for cylin-ders of oxygen, acetylene, and nitrogen gases.Most requirements come from maintenance ac-tivities. Oxygen and acetylene gases are standardmotor pool shop stock items. Repairers requirethese gases for welding and fabrication. Eachwrecker truck carries a bottle of oxygen and acety-lene required to cut through metal in support ofrecovery operations. Oxygen and nitrogen are re-quired to maintain optical sight instruments on tanks.

    SUPPLY SOURCEIn peacetime, obtain containers of compressedgases through local purchase. Contractors refillempty cylinders. However, local purchase andcontractor refill may not be possible during war-time. Therefore, cylinders of compressed gasesneed to be shipped full to a theater. In wartime, theQM supply companies supply compressed gascontainers. Submit requisitions through your sup-porting DSU to the appropriate MMC. As Class IIIpackaged supplies, compressed gases are distrib-uted through Class II and IV channels. Section Vdescribes the distribution of Class II and IV supplies.


    HAZARDSGases may be flammable or explosive. Handlewith extreme care. They are compressed in containersunder pressures exceeding 40 to 104 pounds persquare inch. Contact with fire, sparks, or electri-cal circuits can cause the gas cylinder to explode.Such an explosion can be as destructive as a bombexplosion. Continuous exposure to large quanti-ties of some gases can induce a drug-like sleep,irritate the surface tissue of the breathing passage,constrict the respiratory tract, and cause death.Large quantities of nitrogen can cause suffoca-tion. Acetylene, in particular, is extremely flam-mable. Proper protective equipment must be wornwhen entering areas known to be contaminatedwith gases.

    IDENTIFICATION MARKINGSGas cylinders must be identified by a color codeaccording to MIL-STD-101. The color code foroxygen is green and for acetylene is yellow. Gasesmust be identified by their proper name, not merelyas gas. Flammable gases must be identified asflammable. Filled cylinders must be tagged orlabeled with the stock number of the gas and thestock number of the cylinder. Do not alter ordeface stock numbers and markings stamped on

  • FM 10-27

    gas cylinders. Tags on empty cylinders must be and handling them. All cylinders must be consideredoverstamped MT. Do not apply additional full. Therefore, store and handle them with extrememarkings without proper approval. care. Use precautions, particularly with regard to cylin-

    STORAGE AND HANDLING der valves, storage separation requirements, and move-PRECAUTIONS ment by MHE. DOD 4145.19-R-1, Chapter 5, has

    Due to the hazardous nature of compressed gases, a storage criteria for open-sided and enclosed sheds usednumber of precautions must be observed when storing to store gas cylinders.