career planning for adults with hidden disabilities

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This presentation links the importance of identifying personal passions and doing what matters most in life with career planning processes. It specifically addresses these issues for adults with hidden disabilities, but is applicable for anyone who is interested in making an informed career decision.

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  • Young Adults with Hidden Disabilities and the Challenges They Face in Career Planning The Meaning and Importance of Personal Values in Determining Career Direction Rob Crawford & LDI student samples 2008
  • Presentation Disclaimer Crawford 2008
  • There is a dramatic employment and poverty gap between working-age people with disabilities and those without disabilities
    • The Third Annual Disability Status Report reveals:
      • 38 % of people with disabilities are employed vs. 80 %of people without disabilities.
      • There are 22.3 million people with disabilities of working age (21-64), which is 13 percent of the total working-age population.
    • The researchers also found that Americans with disabilities are more than twice as likely to live in poverty:
      • 25.4 % of working-age Americans with disabilities live in poverty compared with 9.5 % of those without disabilities.
      • People with disabilities constitute 28 % of the working-age American population living in poverty.
    • Cornell University Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Demographics and Statistics (StatsRRTC), funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, 2007.
  • Employer reported skills/qualities needed for successful employment: whats missing ?
    • 86% - verbal communication skills
    • 77% - interpersonal skills
    • 62% - math skills
    • 59% - written communication
    • 52% - basic business skills
    • 46% - financial accounting
    • 43% - mechanical ability
    • 41% - computer skills
    • 18% - Internet knowledge
    • 18% - science
    Small business owners in the "Voices from Main Street: Assessing the State of Small Business Workforce Skills, American Express, 2001 Crawford 2008
  • Top Employer Concerns about Entry-Level Employees
    • 59.1% of employers stated poor basic employability skills (attendance, timeliness, work ethic, etc.);
    • 32.4% poor reading/writing skills;
    • 26.2% inadequate math skills;
    • 25.0% an inability to communicate;
    • 23.7% poor English language skills;
    • 22.1% an inability to read and translate drawings/diagrams/flow charts;
    • 22.0% an inability to work in a team environment; and
    • 12.3% poor computer/technical skills.
    The National Association of Manufacturers 2001 members' survey asked employers about the most serious skill deficiencies of current hourly production employees .
  • Employment Statistics for Youth Out of School > 1 yr (NLTS2 Wave 3, 2005) Condition LD ED OHI Autism Employed 62% 42% 65% 37% Fired in last 2 yr 19% 30% 19% 21% Disclosed condition before hired 8% 15% 17% 54% Disclosed condition after hired 0% 2% 5% 9%
  • What does the research suggest is the impact to adults with hidden disabilities?
    • Many lacked clear understanding of their disability and its impact on career choices and ability to perform a job (Hitchings and Retish 2000).
    • Restricted early opportunities, dependence on family, and experiences of academic failure may lead to low self-esteem and limited self-knowledge (Michaels 1997).
    • Type and severity of disability, amount of time spent on remediation, parental over protectiveness, and low expectations may limit opportunities for career exploration (Hitchings and Retish 2000).
    • Adolescents with LD were more likely to limit their educational and occupational aspirations; aspirations for postsecondary education did not necessarily translate into comparable occupational aspirations (Rojewski 1996).
    • Many youth with LD had unrealistic career ambitions or no ambitions. ( Kortering and Braziel 2000).
    • Not all who were eligible were involved in comprehensive transition planning in high school (Hitchings and Retish 2000).
    Crawford 2008
  • What is the employment status of adults with ASD?
    • Most adults with ASD report ongoing problems finding and maintaining jobs (Goode et al., 1994; Howlin, 2000; Lord & Venter, 1992; Nesbitt, 2000)
    • Many continue to experience unemployment and underemployment as a result of their difficulties understanding and responding appropriately to the social demands of the workplace (Nesbitt, 2000).
    • Only 6% of all people in the UK with an ASD have full-time paid employment, and only 12% of those with high-functioning autism or Aspergers syndrome had full-time jobs (Barnard et al, 2001) .
    Crawford 2008
  • Common barriers to success: Clinical/practitioner view
    • Lack of social maturity
    • Unaware of personal limitations
    • Use of circular logic and rationalization
    • Retreating when successful
    • Difficulty with training because of inability to perform
    • Inability to distinguish aspects of the job and environment that are controllable from those that are not
    Crawford 2008
  • Time & Place: Why executive functioning skills are important Crawford 2008
  • Psychological Factors for LD/ADHD
    • Moody, quick tempered, easily frustrated
    • Misunderstands facial expressions
    • Makes literal interpretations of what is said
    • Finds it difficult to sit down to read or write
    • Takes too long to organize thoughts
    • Feels/believes self to be lazy, stupid, humiliated by problems
    Crawford 2008
  • Psychological Factors for ASD
    • Stress, frustration and anger reaction to change or interruptions
    • Struggle to take initiative
    • Higher anxiety levels particularly when meeting new people or encountering change or new situations
    • Abrupt manner in expressing thoughts, ideas, or opinions
    • Single-mindedness, unwilling to see the viewpoint of others.
    Crawford 2008
  • Feeling Worthless: Perspective of the adult with the condition
    • Having been fired from all your jobs
    • Only being able to obtain entry level jobs
    • Inability to mix well with people on the job
    • Disclosure of disability not received well
    • Job interviewing skills are poor due to nervousness and impulsive responses
    • Difficulty maintaining focus on the job thus forgetting things frequently
    • Often disorganized not being able to find things quickly and observed as a poor performer.
    Crawford 2008
  • What it feels like to live with a hidden disability Crawford 2008
  • Career planning: More than just getting a job
    • The interrelationship of personal and career problems becomes more apparent in the lives of adults (with hidden disabilities) as they:
      • Experience changes in work environments
      • Difficulties associated with other life roles
      • Work maladjustment
      • Career transitions
      • Changing work requirements
      • Concerns of older adults
      • Changing values and interests (Super, 1993)
    Crawford 2008
  • Jumping and Leaping
    • Impulsive job acceptance
    • Training in career that is not suited to skills
    • Belief that the ADA will protect you
    • The environment doesnt matter so long as the boss is understanding
    • I have medication now it will take care of everything
    • The last job was just my boss, things will be different in the next job no matter what
    Crawford 2008
  • Job Misery Epidemic
    • 77% of Americans hate their jobs
    • 87% dont like their jobs
    • The majority show up, but focus on where their next job will be
    • (Gallup, 2005)
    Crawford 2008
  • Cost of Job Misery
    • Increased absenteeism and employee turnover
    • Loss of creativity and productivity
    • American employers had over $360 BILLION dollars each year in lost productivity
    • (Forbes, 2005)
    Crawford 2008
  • A miserable job is not the same as a bad one
    • A bad job lies in the eye of the beholder