bosh day 4 safeways

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Welcome!!! 4th Day

Basic Occupational Safety and Health SeminarSafeways Consultancy & Safety Services, Inc.Facilitator: Maphilindo S. Tandoc

House Agreement Avoid disturbance - Kindly put all communicationsdevices on silent or vibrator mode

Breaks at 10AM - 12NN 3PM Participate in discussions and case studies Ask questions if unclear; lets learn together Sit back, relax, enjoy and learn

Facilitator Info : Map Tandoc Registered Mechanical Engineer DOLE - BWC Safety Consultant Former Operations Head KSI (HVAC Systems) Former Safety, Security, Environmental and Risk Manager - PLDT Co. Former Risk Manager Asian Terminals, Inc. Risk Manager Ayala Land, Inc.

Todays BOSH Coverage: Recap and macro view of program Safety Inspection Hierarchy of Control Measures Accident Investigation/Causal Analysis Emergency Preparedness

What is the basic goal of OSH Management? Accident Prevention Maintenance of good health What should we remember to manage accidents and health concerns? We need to know the causes; Unsafe Acts Unsafe Conditions

Unsafe Act Unaware

Unable Unmotivated

Unsafe Condition Unrecognized

Uncorrected

SAFETY INSPECTION a way to recognize your hazardTYPES OF HAZARDS; 1. Physical 2. Biological 3. Ergonomic 4. Chemical

Correcting Hazards Hazard Control Measure Hierarchy Elimination Substitution (Product/Process) Engineering Control Administrative Control Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Any Questions?

ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION

Reasons for Accident/Incident Investigation To prevent recurrence To comply with policies and regulatory requirements To improve management program To maintain awareness and convey importance of safe, health and work habits

Types of Accident1. Personal injury/death2. Property damage 3. Combination of items 1 & 2 4. Near-miss (actually an incident)

Failure to use guards, kill-switches, or to follow appropriate procedures.

FINGER WAS HIT BY A TACK WELDED U-PIECE THAT USED TO SUPPORT A 150kg LADDER

Lifting many loads for the magnet lever.

FINGER WAS HIT BY A STRIP PLATE THAT WAS MULTI-CARRIED BY THE MAGNET LEVER.

Hammered and crushed finger.

FINGER WAS HIT BY A HAMMER DURING FIT-UP.

Use of unprotected or faulty machinery or equipment.

NO GUARDS ON MACHINE

Improper use or maintenance of the hand tool.

Unguarded Grinder

Wearing jewelry, gloves, or loose-fitting clothing around moving parts can also lead to injury.

Ring Amputation

Using of wrong gloves for the type of job.

3rd Degree burns to welder involved in a flash fire. Welder was not using proper PPE; he was using a lite cotton glove which continued to burn after the flash fire was out

Wrong grinding position

The worker was grinding an assembly plate, when he adjusted the RPM speed, the disc suddenly hit the left thigh of the victim.

Using discs that exceeds the maximum recommended size.Because the disc was too big for the grinder, the worker removed the guard. He died when the disc shattered and fragments struck him in the chest and abdomen.

Shattered disc

The worker was hit by a broken piece of the cutting disc. The piece hit his right feet.

Overhead Crane Fall

Crane IncidentThe following pictures are of a crane incident that occurred in the Netherlands at Shell's Antwerp Refinery. During a major turnaround, fan tubes were being lifted using a tube tray. During the lift and while the tube tray was directly over the crane operator's cab, the tube tray deviated from horizontal and the fan tubes slid off and plunged like arrows into the operator's cab. Note that the tubes were not properly secured to the tray during the lift operation. The attached pictures show the condition of the operator's seat just after the accident. The pictures tell the tale.

Scenario

Crane IncidentThis is a reminder to take all "lifts seriously, from the lightest and least complex to the heaviest and most complex. Proper rigging and securing of loads SAVES LIVES.Post script Amazingly (and thankfully), theoperator suffered only minor scratches in one leg.

Managing the Accident ScenePriorities: Care & treatment of the injured Elimination or control of remaining hazards Securing the accident scene for investigation

ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION (General Process Flow)Ensure immediate medical treatment

Secure the area

Collect facts about the accident: witnesses

Followup

Corrective action

Identify the root cause (causal factors)

Document the facts: hard evidence, witness

Accident Investigation Process Gather Information Analyze the Facts Make Recommendation

Gathering Info What happened? Who was/were involved? Where did it happened? When did it happened? How did it happened?

Analyzing the Facts Facts can be established via; Witness account validation Physical evidence Records (i.e. 201 file, maintenance, permitrecords)

Established process (i.e. JHA, SOP) Why? Why? Why? Why?....

Making Recommendations; Simple and clear (brief and concise) Cost efficient (derived savings or resourceoptimization)

Compliant to applicable Codes and Standards (i.e. Fire Code, Building Code, LaborCode, OSH Standards)

Immediate and Basic CausesACCIDENT / ILLNESS

HAZARDOUS ACTS

HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS

UNAWARE UNABLE UNMOTIVATED

UNNOTICED UNCORRECTED

Immediate and Basic CausesACCIDENT / ILLNESS

HAZARDOUS ACTS

HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS

UNAWARE UNABLE UNMOTIVATED

UNNOTICED UNCORRECTED

END OF MODULE Questions? Thank You!!!

PREPARING FOR EMERGENCIES / DISASTERS

Why Plan? - UnacceptableThe event Crunch Point

Recovery PeriodTime Line

3 hours or 3 weeks?

Why plan? - ObjectiveThe event Crunch Point Pre Planning Recovery PeriodTime Line

3 hours or 3 weeks?

Definition Emergency: A condition or event requiring immediate action as it poses danger/peril to the safety of persons and property. Emergencies can be large or small. Crisis: An event, which threatens life, property, or business operations beyond acceptable losses, unless controlled. From Merriam-Webster: a turning point of better or worse, a crucial time, a decisive moment. Disaster: For business, any event, which causes a cessation of vital functions; an event resulting to disruption of critical operations, large scale losses requiring immediate action to ensure continuation or resumption of business.

Disaster Crisis EmergencyDisaster Management is the process of mitigating, preparing for, responding to and recovering from a disaster.

Disaster Preparedness is about Planning Planning Process Establish a Planning Team Analyze Vulnerabilities / Hazards Develop the Plan Implement the Plan

Business Critical Assets at Risk Personnel Operations / Services Products Equipment / Facilities Cash Information

Disaster Management CycleNORMALCY

RECOVERY

MITIGATION

RESPONSE

READINESS

DISASTER

End of Presentations Questions?

Thank you!!!