BOSH Day 4 Safeways

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<p>Welcome!!! 4th Day</p> <p>Basic Occupational Safety and Health SeminarSafeways Consultancy &amp; Safety Services, Inc.Facilitator: Maphilindo S. Tandoc</p> <p>House Agreement Avoid disturbance - Kindly put all communicationsdevices on silent or vibrator mode</p> <p> Breaks at 10AM - 12NN 3PM Participate in discussions and case studies Ask questions if unclear; lets learn together Sit back, relax, enjoy and learn </p> <p>Facilitator Info : Map Tandoc Registered Mechanical Engineer DOLE - BWC Safety Consultant Former Operations Head KSI (HVAC Systems) Former Safety, Security, Environmental and Risk Manager - PLDT Co. Former Risk Manager Asian Terminals, Inc. Risk Manager Ayala Land, Inc.</p> <p>Todays BOSH Coverage: Recap and macro view of program Safety Inspection Hierarchy of Control Measures Accident Investigation/Causal Analysis Emergency Preparedness</p> <p>What is the basic goal of OSH Management? Accident Prevention Maintenance of good health What should we remember to manage accidents and health concerns? We need to know the causes; Unsafe Acts Unsafe Conditions</p> <p>Unsafe Act Unaware</p> <p> Unable Unmotivated</p> <p>Unsafe Condition Unrecognized</p> <p> Uncorrected</p> <p>SAFETY INSPECTION a way to recognize your hazardTYPES OF HAZARDS; 1. Physical 2. Biological 3. Ergonomic 4. Chemical</p> <p>Correcting Hazards Hazard Control Measure Hierarchy Elimination Substitution (Product/Process) Engineering Control Administrative Control Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)</p> <p>Any Questions?</p> <p>ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION</p> <p>Reasons for Accident/Incident Investigation To prevent recurrence To comply with policies and regulatory requirements To improve management program To maintain awareness and convey importance of safe, health and work habits</p> <p>Types of Accident1. Personal injury/death2. Property damage 3. Combination of items 1 &amp; 2 4. Near-miss (actually an incident)</p> <p> Failure to use guards, kill-switches, or to follow appropriate procedures.</p> <p>FINGER WAS HIT BY A TACK WELDED U-PIECE THAT USED TO SUPPORT A 150kg LADDER</p> <p> Lifting many loads for the magnet lever.</p> <p>FINGER WAS HIT BY A STRIP PLATE THAT WAS MULTI-CARRIED BY THE MAGNET LEVER.</p> <p> Hammered and crushed finger.</p> <p>FINGER WAS HIT BY A HAMMER DURING FIT-UP.</p> <p> Use of unprotected or faulty machinery or equipment.</p> <p>NO GUARDS ON MACHINE</p> <p> Improper use or maintenance of the hand tool.</p> <p>Unguarded Grinder</p> <p> Wearing jewelry, gloves, or loose-fitting clothing around moving parts can also lead to injury.</p> <p>Ring Amputation</p> <p> Using of wrong gloves for the type of job.</p> <p>3rd Degree burns to welder involved in a flash fire. Welder was not using proper PPE; he was using a lite cotton glove which continued to burn after the flash fire was out</p> <p> Wrong grinding position</p> <p>The worker was grinding an assembly plate, when he adjusted the RPM speed, the disc suddenly hit the left thigh of the victim.</p> <p> Using discs that exceeds the maximum recommended size.Because the disc was too big for the grinder, the worker removed the guard. He died when the disc shattered and fragments struck him in the chest and abdomen.</p> <p> Shattered disc</p> <p>The worker was hit by a broken piece of the cutting disc. The piece hit his right feet.</p> <p>Overhead Crane Fall</p> <p>Crane IncidentThe following pictures are of a crane incident that occurred in the Netherlands at Shell's Antwerp Refinery. During a major turnaround, fan tubes were being lifted using a tube tray. During the lift and while the tube tray was directly over the crane operator's cab, the tube tray deviated from horizontal and the fan tubes slid off and plunged like arrows into the operator's cab. Note that the tubes were not properly secured to the tray during the lift operation. The attached pictures show the condition of the operator's seat just after the accident. The pictures tell the tale.</p> <p>Scenario</p> <p>Crane IncidentThis is a reminder to take all "lifts seriously, from the lightest and least complex to the heaviest and most complex. Proper rigging and securing of loads SAVES LIVES.Post script Amazingly (and thankfully), theoperator suffered only minor scratches in one leg.</p> <p>Managing the Accident ScenePriorities: Care &amp; treatment of the injured Elimination or control of remaining hazards Securing the accident scene for investigation</p> <p>ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION (General Process Flow)Ensure immediate medical treatment</p> <p>Secure the area</p> <p>Collect facts about the accident: witnesses</p> <p>Followup</p> <p>Corrective action</p> <p>Identify the root cause (causal factors)</p> <p>Document the facts: hard evidence, witness</p> <p>Accident Investigation Process Gather Information Analyze the Facts Make Recommendation</p> <p>Gathering Info What happened? Who was/were involved? Where did it happened? When did it happened? How did it happened?</p> <p>Analyzing the Facts Facts can be established via; Witness account validation Physical evidence Records (i.e. 201 file, maintenance, permitrecords)</p> <p> Established process (i.e. JHA, SOP) Why? Why? Why? Why?....</p> <p>Making Recommendations; Simple and clear (brief and concise) Cost efficient (derived savings or resourceoptimization)</p> <p> Compliant to applicable Codes and Standards (i.e. Fire Code, Building Code, LaborCode, OSH Standards)</p> <p>Immediate and Basic CausesACCIDENT / ILLNESS</p> <p>HAZARDOUS ACTS</p> <p>HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS</p> <p>UNAWARE UNABLE UNMOTIVATED</p> <p>UNNOTICED UNCORRECTED</p> <p>Immediate and Basic CausesACCIDENT / ILLNESS</p> <p>HAZARDOUS ACTS</p> <p>HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS</p> <p>UNAWARE UNABLE UNMOTIVATED</p> <p>UNNOTICED UNCORRECTED</p> <p>END OF MODULE Questions? Thank You!!!</p> <p>PREPARING FOR EMERGENCIES / DISASTERS</p> <p>Why Plan? - UnacceptableThe event Crunch Point</p> <p>Recovery PeriodTime Line</p> <p>3 hours or 3 weeks?</p> <p>Why plan? - ObjectiveThe event Crunch Point Pre Planning Recovery PeriodTime Line</p> <p>3 hours or 3 weeks?</p> <p>Definition Emergency: A condition or event requiring immediate action as it poses danger/peril to the safety of persons and property. Emergencies can be large or small. Crisis: An event, which threatens life, property, or business operations beyond acceptable losses, unless controlled. From Merriam-Webster: a turning point of better or worse, a crucial time, a decisive moment. Disaster: For business, any event, which causes a cessation of vital functions; an event resulting to disruption of critical operations, large scale losses requiring immediate action to ensure continuation or resumption of business.</p> <p>Disaster Crisis EmergencyDisaster Management is the process of mitigating, preparing for, responding to and recovering from a disaster.</p> <p>Disaster Preparedness is about Planning Planning Process Establish a Planning Team Analyze Vulnerabilities / Hazards Develop the Plan Implement the Plan</p> <p>Business Critical Assets at Risk Personnel Operations / Services Products Equipment / Facilities Cash Information</p> <p>Disaster Management CycleNORMALCY</p> <p>RECOVERY</p> <p>MITIGATION</p> <p>RESPONSE</p> <p>READINESS</p> <p>DISASTER</p> <p>End of Presentations Questions?</p> <p> Thank you!!!</p>