Birdwatching in Portugal - Tourist guide

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In Portugal, there are 93 Important Bird Areas, where roughly 360 different species can be regular ly observed, with their magnificent plumage and spectacular living habits. Many of these species have a very restricted distribution in Europe and the World, which makes them particularly attractive for foreign visitors. Leran more: http://visitportoandnorth.travel/Porto-and-the-North/To-do/Natural-Parks-Birdwatching

TRANSCRIPT

  • birdwatching

    in p

    or

    tu

    ga

    l

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    Jangada | PLGeraldes

    birdwatchingin portugal

    Published by Turismo de Portugal, with technical support from Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves (SPEA)

    PhoTogrAPhyAna Isabel Fagundes Andy Hay, rspb-images.comCarlos CabralFaiscaHelder CostaJoaquim TeodsioPedro MonteiroPLGeraldesSPEA/DLeitoVitor MaiaGerbrand AM Michielsen

    TExTDomingos LeitoAlexandra LopesAna Isabel FagundesCtia GouveiaCarlos Pereira

    grAPhic dESignTerradesign

    In this guide, you will find 36 places of interest for birdwatchers and seven suggestions of itineraries you may wish to follow. Accept the challenge and venture forth around Portugal in search of our birdlife.

  • 04 -

    05

    birdwatching

    p ortugal is situated in the Mediterranean region, which is one of the worlds most im-portant areas in terms of biodiversity. its

    landscape is very varied, with mountains and plains,

    hidden valleys and meadowland, extensive forests

    and groves, rocky coasts and never-ending beaches

    that stretch into the distance, estuaries, river deltas

    and coastal lagoons. With such a great variety of habi-

    tats, our country also presents one of the greatest di-

    versities of birdlife in Europe, with roughly 360 regularly-

    occurring species.

    in mainland portugal, there are roughly 70 species

    whose distribution is restricted to the region of the

    Mediterranean basin (e.g. greater Flamingo, Egyptian

    Vulture, Bonellis Eagle, Black-winged Kite, Collared prat-

    incole, Black-bellied Sandgrouse, red-necked nightjar,

    great Spotted Cuckoo, red-rumped Swallow, Black

    Wheatear, Blue rock thrush, rufous-tailed rock thrush,

    orphean Warbler, Spanish Sparrow). the coastal strip

    is the preferred place of migration for thousands

    of birds from dozens of different species. Hundreds

    of thousands of sea and coastal birds (gannets, shear-

    waters, sandpipers, plovers and terns), birds of prey

    (eagles and harriers), small birds (swallows, pipits,

    warblers, thrushes and shrikes) cross over our territory

    twice a year, flying between their breeding grounds

    in Europe and their winter stays in africa.

    in the archipelagos of the azores and Madeira, there

    are important colonies of seabirds, such as the Corys

    Shearwater, Bulwers petrel and roseate tern. there are

    also some endemic species on the islands, such as the

    Madeiran Storm petrel, Madeiran laurel pigeon, Ma-

    deiran Firecrest or the azores Bullfinch. one should also

    stress the importance of the azores as a place where

    bird species may appear occasionally, flying in from the

    american continent.

    Birdwatching in portugal is also made easier by the

    relatively small size of the country itself, the quality

    of its road network, its mild climate and its high level

    of public safety. Being included in the strategic tour-

    ist product of nature tourism, birdwatching is best

    complemented with other important regional features,

    such as fine gastronomy, excellent wines and a rich

    cultural heritage. S

  • Permits/Licencesif you wish to visit a protected area (national park, natural park or nature reserve) with an organised group, you must contact the instituto da Conservao da natureza e da Biodiversidade (www.icnb.pt) in advance, so that they can issue you with a special permit for this purpose.if you wish to visit a private property, you must contact the owner in advance.

    How do I hire a local guide?if you wish to hire a local guide, you should look for the list of tourism companies licensed to provide this service at the tourist information offices or on the turismo de portugal website (www.turismodeportugal.pt).

    Information about accommodation, restaurants and other places to visitYou should look for this information at the tourist information offices or on the websites of the regional tourism Boards (see pages 64 and 100 of this guide)

    Equipment neededpractical, discreet clothing

    Suitable footwear for the countryside and mountains

    Binoculars

    pocket guide for identifying birds

    notebook or sketch book

    patience and enthusiasm in sufficient quantities

    Useful Information

    1 respect local traditions and lifestyles.

    2 respect private property, close all gates.

    3 Do not make any noise and do not disturb the peace of local sites.

    4 Keep at a distance from the birds and watch them through binoculars.

    5 Do not pick plants, capture animals or take geological samples. only take photographs.

    6 respect the signposting of protected areas.

    7 Footpaths must always be used only by small groups.

    8 Do not light fires.

    9 Each person is responsible for the rubbish that they produce; they should take it away with them and dispose of it in appropriate places.

    10 Contact the authorities whenever you notice some irregularity.

    Essential rules of conduct for birdwatchers

    06 -

    07

  • Portugal

    i n Portugal, there are 93 Impor-tant Bird Areas, where roughly 360 dif ferent species can be regular ly

    observed, with their magnificent plumage

    and spectacular living habits. Many

    of these species have a very restricted

    distribution in Europe and the World,

    which makes them particularly attractive

    for foreign visitors. S

    mainland

  • e m Portugal existem 93 reas Importantes para as Aves, onde podem ser observadas regularmente

    cerca de 360 espcies diferentes, pos-

    suidoras de magnificas plumagens

    e espectaculares hbitos de vida. Muitas

    destas espcies tm uma distribuio

    muito restrita na Europa e no Mundo,

    pelo que se tornam atractivos para os vi-

    sitantes estrangeiros. S

    Portugal

    * not included in itinerary

    01. Peneda-gers * P.10

    02. Montesinho P.12

    03. douro internacional P.14

    ITINERARY A P.16

    04. ria de Aveiro P.18

    05. Mondego Estuary P.20

    06. Paul de Arzila P.22

    07. Serra da Estrela * P.24

    ITINERARY B P.26

    08. Tejo internacional P.28

    09. Berlengas and Peniche * P.30

    10. Tagus Estuary P.32

    11. caia and campo Maior P.34

    12. Vila Fernando and Veiros P.36

    ITINERARY C P.38

    13. cabeo P.40

    14. Sado Estuary P.42

    15. Lagoa de Santo Andr P.44

    16. Mouro, Moura and Barrancos* P.46

    17. cuba and Lagoa dos Patos P.48

    18. castro Verde P.50

    ITINERARY D P.52

    19. Sagres Peninsula P.54

    20. Lagoa dos Salgados P.56

    21. ria Formosa P.58

    22. castro Marim P.60

    ITINERARY E P.62

    Places of interest

    07

    08

    11

    01

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    04

    05

    06

    09

    14

    1516

    17

    1921

    20 22

    18

    13

    10

    12

    N

    50 km

  • -11

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    10

    descriptionMountainous areas of Serra da peneda, Serra do Soajo, Serra amarela and Serra do gers, mountain scrubland and pastureland, rocky outcrops and scarps, peat bogs, lakes, rivers and streams, oak and pine forests, riv-erside woodland and marshland.

    SpeciesShort-toed Eagle, European Honey Buzzard, Montagus Harrier, Hen Harrier, peregrine Fal-con, Scops owl, Common Skylark, Eurasian Crag Martin, Water pipit, tawny pipit, White-throated Dipper, rufous-tailed rock thrush, Dartford Warbler, Common Whitethroat, Firecrest, red-backed Shrike, red-billed Chough, Common raven, Eurasian Bullfinch, Yellowhammer and rock Bunting.

    Birdwatching sitesplanalto de Castro laboreiro, Senhora da peneda, Soajo, lindoso, gers, portela do Homem, Mata da albergaria, Coveles, pites da Jnias and tourm.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, mammals, reptiles and amphibians, butterflies, archaeology, ethnography.

    other areas nearbyMinho Estuary 4155n 0847Wlagoa de Bertiandos 4146n 838W

    4152n 0808WCoordinates(central point)

    Area National Park52.883 haSPA* 62.922 haIBA** 62.922 ha

    01.

    interpretationcentres

    Vidoeiro Environmental Education centretel. +351 253 390 110

    Porta em Lamasde Mourotel. +351 251 465 010

    Porta no Meziotel. +351 258 510 100

    Porta no Lindosotel. +351 258 578 141

    Porta em campodo gerstel. +351 253 351 888

    Porta em Montalegretel. +351 276 510 203

    Peneda-GersThe National Park

    Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush SMonticola saxatilis

    Vic

    tor M

    aia

    NoT INCluDED IN ITINERARY

    *Spa Special protection area **iBa important Bird area

  • -13

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    12

    descriptionSerra de Montesinho and Serra da Coroa, mountain scrubland and pastureland, rocky outcrops and scarps, pyrenean oak forests, chestnut groves, riverside woodland, marsh-land and cultivated fields.

    Speciesgolden Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, Montagus Harrier, Hen Harrier, White Stork, Stock Dove, Scops owl, nightjar, Common Skylark, Eurasian Crag Martin, Water pipit, tawny pipit, Blue rock thrush, Black-eared Wheat-ear, Dartford Warbler, Subalpine Warbler, Bonellis Warbler, red-backed Shrike, Com-mon raven, Common Crossbill, rock Bunt-ing, ortolan Bunting.

    Birdwatching sitesplanalto da Moimenta, Frana, Montesinho, lama grande, rio Sabor, rio de onor, Deilo, guadramil, rio Mas and Quintanilha.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, mammals, reptiles and amphibians, butterflies, archaeology, ethnography.

    other areas nearbySerra da nogueira 4143n 0652W

    4151n 0652WCoordinates(central point)

    Area Natural Park 52.883haSPA 108.089haIBA 106.205ha

    02.

    interpretationcentres

    Bragana information centretel. +351 273 300 400

    Porta de Vinhaistel. +351 273 771 416

    MontesinhoLand of wolves and eagles

    Montagus Harrier SCircus pygargus

    Fas

    ca

    ITINERARY A

  • -15

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    14

    descriptionDouro and gueda rivers and tributaries, Mediterranean scrubland, rocky outcrops, river scarps, holm-oak forests, riverside woodland, marshland and cultivated fields.

    SpeciesEgyptian Vulture, Eurasian griffon Vulture, golden Eagle, Bonellis Eagle, Short-toed Ea-gle, red Kite, Eurasian Hobby, peregrine Falcon, Black Stork, White Stork, Scops owl, Eurasian Eagle owl, nightjar, European Bee-eater, al-pine Swift, thekla lark, Eurasian Crag Martin, red-rumped Swallow, Blue rock thrush, Black Wheatear, Black-eared Wheatear, Spectacled Warbler, orphean Warbler, Southern grey Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, Eurasian golden ori-ole, Hawfinch, Cirl Bunting.

    Birdwatching sitesparadela, Vale dguia, Miranda do Douro, Crcio, Barragem do picote, Barragem da Bemposta, lagoaa, Freixo de Espada Cinta, penedo Duro, Figueira de Castelo rodrigo and Barragem de Santa Maria de aguiar.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, butterflies, archaeology, ethnography.

    other areas nearbyrio Sabor 4131n 0639Walto Ca 4053n 0704W

    4105n 0645WCoordinates(central point)

    Area Natural Park 85.146 haSPA 50.744 haIBA 50.744 ha

    03.

    interpretationcentres

    headquarters of the douro internacional natural ParkMogadourotel. +351 279 340 030

    Faia Brava nature reserve Figueira de Castelo Rodrigotel. +351 271 311 202

    Douro InternacionalThe great portuguese gorge

    Stone Curlew SBurhinus oedicnemus

    Fas

    ca

    ITINERARY A

  • -17

    1616 - 1

    7

    Serra de Montesinho01. Frana

    02. rio Sabor

    03. Montesinho

    04. Serra Serrada

    05. Lama grande

    Planalto da Lombada06. rio de onor

    07. guadramil

    08. Quintanilha

    09. rio Mas

    Trip to the Douro10. Vimioso

    11. rio Angueira

    12. Miranda do douro

    Miranda do Douro13. Paradela

    14. Vale da guia

    15. crcio

    Bemposta16. Braciosa

    17. Picote

    18. Bempostaday 1

    day 2

    day 3

    day 4

    day 5

    notesVisit the community village of rio de onor in Bragana, take a cruise on the river at Miranda do Douro, and visit the Foz Ca archaeological park.

    J F M A M J J A S o N D

    ITINERARY A

    Places to be visited 2 3 (see map of Mainland portugal) number of days 5

    distance 200 km

    The remote marvels of the

    Rio Sa

    bor

    Ip4

    N102

    N-631A-52

    N103

    E82

    SpAIN

    poRTuGAl

    N

    10 km

    BRAGANA

    MIRANDA Do DouRo

    VAlpAoS

    CHAVES

    05 04

    03

    0201

    0607

    09

    08

    10

    1113

    12

    14

    15

    16

    17

    18

    north-east

  • -19

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    18

    04. descriptionCoast from Mira to ovar, beaches, salt marshes, cane thickets, saltpans, fish cul-tures, tidal mud f lats , canals , r iverside woodland, marshland and cultivated fields.

    SpeciesCommon Scoter, Marsh Harrier, purple Heron, little Bittern, little Egret, White Stork, Black-winged Stilt, grey plover, Eurasian golden plover, northern lapwing, Kentish plover, Common redshank, greenshank, Dunlin, Black-tailed godwit, Common Kingfisher, Yel-low Wagtail, great reed Warbler, Savis War-blers, Common reed Bunting, Cirl Bunting.

    Birdwatching sitesCosta nova, saltpans of aveiro, lagoon and dunes of So Jacinto, lagoons of the Baixo Vouga river, Salreu, Vilarinho, Muran-zel, torreira and Murtosa.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, dragonflies, archaeology, ethnography.

    other areas nearbyBarrinha de Esmoriz 4058n, 0838W

    4042n 0840WCoordinates(central point)

    Area Nature Reserve 681haSPA 52.720haIBA 51.378ha

    interpretationcentres

    information office, S. Jacintotel. +351 234 331 282

    Environmental interpretation centre BioRia, Estarreja, Salreutel. +351 234 840 600

    Ria de AveiroLagoons and saltpans by the sea

    Marsh Harrier SCircus aeruginosus

    Fas

    ca

    ITINERARY B

  • -21

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    20

    descriptionEstuary of the river Mondego, salt marsh-es, cane thickets, saltpans, fish cultures, tidal mud flats, canals, riverside woodland and rice fields.

    SpeciesMarsh Harrier, greater Flamingo, little Egret, White Stork, Black-winged Stilt, pied avocet, grey plover, Kentish plover, Com-mon redshank, greenshank, Dunlin, Com-mon Kingfisher, Yellow Wagtail, great reed Warbler, Southern grey Shrike, Common reed Bunting.

    Birdwatching sitesilha da Murraceira and rio pranto.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, ethnography.

    4008 n, 850 WCoordinates(central point)

    Area IBA 1.518ha

    interpretationcentres

    Ecomuseu do Sal (Salt Museum) of Figueira da Foz Ilha da Murraceiratel. +351 233 403 300

    05.Mondego EstuaryAn island in the river

    Dunlin SCalidris alpina

    Fas

    ca

    ITINERARY B

  • -23

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    22

    descriptionCane thickets, willow wood, canals, riverside woodland and rice fields.

    SpeciesMarsh Harrier, purple Heron, little Bittern, little Egret, White Stork, purple Swamp-hen, Black-winged Stilt, Common Kingfisher, Common nightingale, great reed Warbler, Savis Warbler, Southern grey Shrike, Com-mon reed Bunting.

    Birdwatching sitesarzila, lameira de Baixo, Casal das amoreiras.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, dragonflies.

    other areas nearbypaul da Madriz 4007n 0838WQuinta do taipal 4011n 0841W

    interpretationcentres

    Arzilatel. +351 239 980 500

    06. 4042n 0840WCoordinates(central point)Area Nature Reserve 681 haSPA 482 haIBA 482 ha

    Paul de ArzilaThe green and gold of the cane thickets

    Purple Heron SArdea purpurea

    Fas

    ca

    ITINERARY B

  • -25

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    24

    descriptionMountain massif of Serra da Estrela, wa-tercourses at high altitude, cliffs and crags, meadowland and mountain scrubland, peat bogs, deciduous forests (pyrenean oak and chestnut) and Scots pine forests, riverside woodland, sclerophyllous scrubland, marsh-land and agricultural land.

    SpeciesShort-toed Eagle, European Honey Buzzard, Montagus Harrier, Black Stork, Scops owl, alpine Swift, Common Skylark, Eurasian Crag Martin, Water pipit, tawny pipit, White-throated Dipper, Scops owl rock thrush, Blue rock thrush, Bluethroat, Dartford War-bler, Subalpine Warbler, Bonellis Warbler, Firecrest, Common raven, rock Bunting and ortolan Bunting.

    Birdwatching sitestorre and planalto da torre, Cntaro Magro, rio Zzere, nave de Santo antnio, Manteigas.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, butterflies, reptiles and amphibians, geology, archaeology, ethnography.

    other areas nearbySerra da Malcata 4015n 0702W

    4025n 0733WCoordinates(central point)

    Area Natural Park101.060 haIBA 99.870 ha

    07.

    interpretationcentres

    Torre interpretation centreSeiatel. +351 275 314 727

    ciSE Serra da Estrela interpretation centreSeiatel. +351 238 320 300

    Serra da EstrelaThe high mountains

    NoT INCluDED IN ITINERARYSP

    EA |

    D. L

    eit

    o

    Glacial Valley of the River Zzere S Serra da Estrela natural park

  • -27

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    2626 - 2

    7

    Dunes of So Jacinto01. Pateira de So Jacinto

    02. Murtosa

    03. Bocage de Salreu

    04. Bocage de Sarrazola

    Aveiro05. Saltpans of Aveiro

    06. Lagoa da Vela

    Mondego Estuary07. ilha da Murraceira

    Fens of the River Mondego08. Quinta do Taipal

    09. Paul de Arzila

    day 1

    day 2

    day 3

    day 4

    notestake a boat trip on the ria de aveiro, visit the roman ruins of Conimbriga in Condeixa-a-nova.

    J F M A M J J A S o N D

    ITINERARY B

    Places to be visited 4 5 6 (see map of Mainland portugal)

    number of days 4

    distance 150 km

    Lagoons and Estuaries

    Rio Mon

    dego

    Rio

    Do

    Rio gueda

    Rio Vouga

    A14

    A17

    IC1

    A1

    Ip3

    A25AVEIRo

    FIGuEIRADA Foz

    CoIMBRA

    CANTANHEDE

    ToNDElA

    ATlANTICoCEAN

    poRTuGAl

    N

    10 km01

    02 03

    04

    05

    06

    07

    08 09

    of the centre region

  • -29

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    28

    descriptioninternational Valley of the river tagus and its tributaries, rocky outcrops and scarps, sclerophyllous scrubland, holm-oak groves and forests , r iverside woodland, dams and reservoirs, cultivated fields, pastureland and fallow land.

    SpeciesEurasian griffon Vulture, Eurasian Black Vul-ture, Egyptian Vulture, golden Eagle, Bonel-lis Eagle, Booted Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, Montagus Harrier, Eurasian Hobby, Black Stork, White Stork, great Spotted Cuckoo, red-necked nightjar, Eurasian Eagle owl, European Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, al-pine Swift, thekla lark, Eurasian Crag Mar-tin, red-rumped Swallow, Blue rock thrush, Subalpine Warbler, orphean Warbler, azure-winged Magpie, Common raven, Starling, Eurasian golden oriole, Southern grey Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, rock Sparrow, Spanish Sparrow, rock Bunting.

    Birdwatching sitesSalvaterra do Extremo, Segura, rosmaninhal, rio Erges, rio ponsul.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, geology, archaeology.

    other areas nearbypenha garcia 4001n 0657Wportas do rdo 3942n 0744W

    3943n 0715WCoordinates(central point)

    Area Natural Park23.441 haSPA 25.761 haIBA 25.764 ha

    08.

    interpretationcentres

    Environmental interpretation centre in castelo Brancotel. +351 272 348 140

    Great eagles and vulturesTejo Internacional

    Eurasian Black Vulture SAegypius monachus

    Fas

    ca

    ITINERARY C

  • -31

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    30

    descriptionarchipelago of the Berlengas islands and the peniche Coast, coastal Mediterranean scrubland, coastal scarps and crags, islets, tidal mud flats and brackish water.

    Speciesred-throated Diver, Corys Shearwater, Manx Shearwater, Mediterranean Shear-water, European Storm petrel, European Shag, gannet, peregrine Falcon, turnstone, Yellow-legged gull, Common tern, great Skua, arctic Skua, razorbill, Common guillemot, pallid Swift.

    Birdwatching sitesBerlengas islands, Cabo Carvoeiro, maritime area between peniche and the Berlengas islands.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, geology, scuba diving.

    other areas nearbylagoa de bidos 3924n 912W

    3927n 0931WCoordinates(central point)

    Area Nature Reserve9.560 haSPA 96 haIBA 9.560 ha

    09.Berlengas and PenicheThe island of the guillemots

    NoT INCluDED IN ITINERARYSP

    EA |

    D. L

    eit

    o

    Carreiro dos caes SBerlengas nature reserve

  • -33

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    32

    descriptionSalt marshes, cane thickets, tidal mud flats, saltpans, tagus and Sorraia rivers, fens, willow woods, cork-oak groves, maritime pine forests, meadowland, pastureland, rice fields and other cultivated fields.

    Specieslittle Egret, purple Heron, Spoonbill, glossy ibis, White Stork, greater Flamingo, grey-lag goose, Eurasian Wigeon, Common teal, Black-winged Kite, Marsh Harrier, Hen Harrier, Booted Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, osprey, Mer-lin, little Bustard, Black-winged Stilt, pied avo-cet, Collared pratincole, grey plover, Eurasian golden plover, northern lapwing, Kentish plover, Dunlin, little Stint, Bar-tailed godwit, Eurasian Curlew, Common redshank, green-shank, European nightjar, pallid Swift, Euro-pean Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, Common Kingfisher, Common Skylark, Yellow Wagtail, Bluethroat, great reed Warbler, Southern grey Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, rock Sparrow.

    Birdwatching sitesMoucho do lombo, Moucho das garas, lezria de Vila Franca, Catapereiro, Vala-real, pancas, Vale de Frades, ribeira-das-Enguias, Hortas, alcochete, saltpans of Samouco, paul da Barroca dalva.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, dragonflies, ethnography.

    other areas nearbySalinas de alverca 3852n 0902Wilha do Escaroupim 39 4n 845Wpaul do Boquilobo 3922n 0832W

    3849n 0856WCoordinates(central point)

    Area Nature Reserve14.192 haSPA 45.071 haIBA 45.071 ha

    10.

    interpretationcentres

    Alcochetetel. +351 212 348 021

    Tagus EstuaryThousands of birds in the river and meadowland

    ITINERARY C

    Pied Avocet SRecurvirostra avosetta

    Fas

    ca

  • -35

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    34

    descriptionHolm-oak groves, willow woods, rivers and streams, lake, olive groves, cultivated fields, pastureland and fallow land.

    Specieslittle Egret, Spoonbill, White Stork, Com-mon teal, red-crested pochard, Common pochard, Black-winged Kite, Montagus Har-rier, Hen Harrier, Booted Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, osprey, Merlin, Common Crane, great Bustard, little Bustard, Stone Curlew, Black-winged Stilt, Collared pratincole, Eurasian golden plover, northern lapwing, gull-billed tern, European Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, Common Kingfisher, Calandra lark, red-rumped Swallow, Common nightingale, Southern grey Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, azure-winged Magpie.

    Birdwatching sitesouguela, rio Xvora, torre, retiro, Barragem do Caia, Santa Eullia and rio Caia.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, dragonflies, ethnography.

    other areas nearbySo Mamede natural park3923n 722WSo Vicente 3857n 710W

    3859n 0700WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 9.575 haIBA 18.560 ha

    11.The land of cranesCaia and Campo Maior

    ITINERARY CSP

    EA |

    D. L

    eit

    o

    Caia River SiBa albufeira do Caia

  • -37

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    36

    descriptionHolm-oak groves, olive groves, streams, weirs, cultivated fields, pastureland and fallow land.

    SpeciesWhite Stork, Black-winged Kite, Montagus Harrier, Hen Harrier, Booted Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, lesser Kestrel, Merlin, great Bustard, little Bustard, Stone Curlew, Black-winged Stilt, Collared pratincole, Eurasian golden plover, northern lapwing, European Bee-eat-er, Eurasian Hoopoe, European roller, Calan-dra lark, thekla lark, red-rumped Swallow, Common nightingale, Southern grey Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, azure-winged Magpie.

    Birdwatching sitesVila Fernando, Monte do alcobaa, Monte do texugo, Quinta do leo.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians.

    other areas nearbyMonforte 3904n 0730Walter do Cho 3910n 0740W

    Vila Fernando3855n 0723W

    Vieiros3858n 0729WCoordinates (central point)

    Area SPA 7220 haIBA 7487 ha

    12.The plains of Alto AlentejoVila Fernando and Veiros

    ITINERARY C

    Little Bustard STetrax tetrax

    Fas

    ca

  • -39

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    3838 - 3

    9

    Tagus Estuary01. hortas

    02. Pancas

    03. rice fields of giganta

    04. Ponta da Erva

    Going up the Tagus05. Paul do Boquilobo

    06. Portas do rdo

    Tejo Internacional07. rio Pnsul

    08. Malpica do Tejo

    09. rosmaninhal

    10. Alares

    Erges Internacional11. Segura

    12. Salvaterra do Extremo

    13. Marvo castle

    14. Border at Marvo

    Campo Maior15. ouguela16. Albufeira do caia17. caia river

    Plains of Elvas18. Torre da Bolsa

    19. So Vicente

    20. Vila Fernando

    day 1

    day 2

    day 3

    day 4

    day 5

    day 6

    ITINERARY C Places to be visited 08 10 11 12 (see map of Mainland portugal)

    number of days 6

    distance 300 km

    notesVisit the Historic Villages of Beira Baixa and the Megalithic Monuments of alto alentejo.

    J F M A M J J A S o N D

    Rio TejoRi

    o O

    cres

    a

    N

    20 km

    SpAIN

    poRTAlEGRE

    CASTEloBRANCo

    BADAJoz

    VoRA

    SANTARM

    lISBoA

    A1

    A8

    A2

    A6

    A23

    A13

    A12

    01

    02

    03

    05

    06

    07

    08

    9

    11

    12

    10

    13

    14

    15

    1617

    2004

    poRTuGAlATlANTIC

    oCEAN

    19

    18

    From the Floodplainto the border

  • -41

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    40

    descriptionCork-tree groves, maritime pine forests, wil-low woods, rivers and streams, lake, cultivat-ed fields, pastureland and fallow land.

    Speciesgreat Crested grebe, little Egret, White Stork, gadwall, Common teal, Common pochard, Black-winged Kite, Montagus Har-rier, European Honey Buzzard, Booted Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, Eurasian Hobby, Black-winged Stilt, European Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, Common Kingfisher, lesser Spot-ted Woodpecker, Woodlark, red-rumped Swallow, Common nightingale, Common redstart, Melodious Warbler, Woodchat Shrike, azure-winged Magpie, Eurasian nut-hatch, Eurasian golden oriole, rock Sparrow, Cirl Bunting.

    Birdwatching sitesCabeo, aldeia Velha, Foros do Mocho, Bar-ragem de Montargil, Barragem do Maranho.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, dragonflies.

    other areas nearbyarraiolos 3847n 0800W

    3906n 0801WCoordinates(central point)

    Area IBA 48.606 ha

    13.Groves of cork-trees and birdsCabeo

    ITINERARY D

    Black-winged Kite SElanus caeruleus

    Fas

    ca

  • -43

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    42

    descriptionDunes, beaches, salt marshes, cane thickets, tidal mud flats, saltpans, river Sado and ribeira da Marateca, fens, willow woods, cork-oak groves, maritime pine and stone pine forests, pastureland, rice fields and other cultivated fields.

    SpeciesBlack-necked grebe, little Bittern, little Egret, Spoonbill, glossy ibis, White Stork, greater Flamingo, Eurasian Wigeon, Common teal, northern Shoveler, red-breasted Merganser, Black-winged Kite, Marsh Harrier, Booted Ea-gle, Short-toed Eagle, osprey, peregrine Fal-con, purple Swamp-hen, Black-winged Stilt, pied avocet, grey plover, northern lapwing, Kentish plover, Dunlin, little Stint, Black-tailed godwit, Bar-tailed godwit, Eurasian Curlew, Common redshank, greenshank, Black-leg-ged little tern, pallid Swift, European Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, Common Kingfisher, lesser Spotted Woodpecker, Woodlark, Yellow Wagtail, Bluethroat, Common nightingale, great reed Warbler, Southern grey Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, azure-winged Magpie, rock Sparrow, Cirl Bunting.

    Birdwatching sitesSaltpans of Mitrena, praias do Sado, Mouris-cas, gmbia, Herdade do Zambujal, fish cul-ture of arrbida, Herdade do pinheiro, Monte novo do palma, Saltpans of Batalha, aude da Murta, Carrasqueira, Comporta, tria, Cal-deira de tria.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, dolphins, reptiles and amphibians, dragonflies, archaeology, ethnography.

    14. 3827n 0843WCoordinates(central point)Area Nature Reserve23.971 haSPA 25.231 haIBA 25.129 ha

    interpretationcentres

    Mourisca Tide MillFaralho, Setbaltel. +351 265 541 157

    The estuary of the dolphinsSado Estuary

    other areas nearbyCabo Espichel 3825n 0911Wlagoa pequena 3831n 0809W

    ITINERARY D

    Carrasqueira fishing harbour SSado Estuary nature reserve

    SPEA

    | D

    . Lei

    to

  • -45

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    44

    descriptionDunes, beaches, cane thickets, willow woods and flood plains, maritime pine and stone pine forests, pastureland and agricultural land.

    Specieslittle Bittern, little Egret, purple Heron, Spoonbill, glossy ibis, White Stork, Com-mon teal, northern Shoveler, red-crested pochard, Common pochard, Black-winged Kite, Marsh Harrier, Booted Eagle, purple Swamp-hen, Black-winged Stilt, northern lapwing, Kentish plover, Dunlin, little Stint, Black-tailed godwit, Common redshank, greenshank, Black-legged little tern, pallid Swift, European Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, Common Kingfisher, Yellow Wagtail, Com-mon grasshopper Warbler, great reed War-bler, Southern grey Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, azure-winged Magpie, Cirl Bunting.

    Birdwatching sitespraia de Santo andr, Cerradinha, Moinho novo, wastewater treatment plant, Monte Velho, poos, praia do Monte Velho.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, dragonflies.

    15. 0850.47n 08476.94WCoordinates(central point)Area Nature Reserve5.370 haSPA 2.572 haIBA 2.672 ha

    interpretationcentres

    Monte do PaioBresco, Santo Andrtel. +351 269 749 001

    The lagoon of the cootsLagoa de Santo Andr

    ITINERARY D

    Glossy Ibis SPlegadis falcinellus

    Fas

    ca

  • -47

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    46

    descriptionrivers and streams, alqueva lake, rocky out-crops and scarps, sclerophyllous scrubland, holm-oak groves and forests, riverside wood-land, olive groves, cultivated fields, pasture-land and fallow land.

    SpeciesEurasian griffon Vulture, Eurasian Black Vul-ture, Booted Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, Black-winged Kite, red Kite, Montagus Harrier, Black Stork, White Stork, Common Crane, great Bustard, little Bustard, Stone Curlew, Eurasian golden plover, northern lapwing, Black-bellied Sandgrouse, great Spotted Cuckoo, European Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoo-poe, Common Kingfisher, Woodlark, thekla lark, Calandra lark, Eurasian Crag Martin, red-rumped Swallow, Blue rock thrush, ru-fous Bush robin, Subalpine Warbler, orphean Warbler, Melodious Warbler, azure-winged Magpie, Southern grey Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, rock Sparrow, Spanish Sparrow.

    Birdwatching sitesMouro, Ferrarias, So leonardo, granja, am-areleja, Barrancos, noudar Castle, Contenda, Santo aleixo, Safara, lameires, Sobral da adia, Serra da adia, Herdade dos Machados, Santo amador, pvoa de So Miguel.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, geology, archaeology.

    other areas nearbyreguengos 3820n 729W

    16. 3808n 0710WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 84.935 haIBA 89.654 ha

    interpretationcentres

    garducho Biological Station cEAi iberian Birds Study centre, herdade dos guizos Mourotel. +351 266 746 102

    Lynxes, eagles and black pigs

    Mouro, Moura and Barrancos

    NoT INCluDED IN ITINERARY

    Azure-wingged Magpie SCyanopica cyanus

    Fas

    ca

  • -49

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    48

    descriptionlake and rice fields, olive groves, cultivated fields, pastureland and fallow land.

    Specieslittle Egret, Spoonbill, White Stork, greylag goose, Eurasian Wigeon, Common teal, northern Shoveler, Common pochard, Black-winged Kite, Montagus Harrier, Hen Harrier, Booted Eagle, lesser Kestrel, Merlin, great Bustard, little Bustard, Stone Curlew, Black-winged Stilt, Collared pratincole, Eurasian golden plover, northern lapwing, ruff, Euro-pean Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, Common Kingfisher, Calandra lark, red-rumped Swal-low, Southern grey Shrike.

    Birdwatching sitesMonte dos patos, lagoa dos patos, lagoa do peneireiro, plains of Cuba, So Matias, Monte da aparia, torre do pinto.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, dragonflies.

    other areas nearbyplains of vora 3826n756W

    17. cuba3902n 0712WLagoa dos Patos3809n 0804WCoordinates (central point)

    Area SPA 4.081 haIBA 5.049 haWaterfowl on the dry plains

    Cuba and Lagoa dos Patos

    ITINERARY D

    Collared Pratincole SGlareola pratincola

    Fas

    ca

  • -51

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    50

    descriptionHolm-oak groves, scrubland of rock-roses, rocky outcrops, streams, weirs, riparian gal-leries, cultivated fields, pastureland and fal-low land.

    SpeciesWhite Stork, Eurasian griffon Vulture, Eura-sian Black Vulture, Bonellis Eagle, Spanish imperial Eagle, red Kite, Montagus Harrier, Hen Harrier, Booted Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, lesser Kestrel, Merlin, Common Crane, great Bustard, little Bustard, Stone Curlew, Black-winged Stilt, Collared pratincole, Eurasian golden plover, northern lapwing, Black-bel-lied Sandgrouse, great Spotted Cuckoo, Eu-ropean Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, Europe-an roller, Common Kingfisher, Calandra lark, thekla lark, red-rumped Swallow, Common nightingale, rufous Bush robin, Black-eared Wheatear, Melodious Warbler, Southern grey Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, azure-winged Magpie, Common raven, Spanish Sparrow.

    Birdwatching sitesEntradas, Monte do Vale gonalinho, Bar-ragem do Monte gavio, Carregueiro, Casvel, Barragem da aparia, ribeira do Cobres, So Marcos da atabueira, Senhora de aracelis, Monte de Belver, Monte do guer-reiro, rolo, piarras.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, dragonflies, archaeology, ethnography.

    other areas nearbyguadiana Valley natural park 3742n 0739W

    18. 3745n 0800WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 84.913 haIBA 83.579 ha

    interpretationcentres

    Vale gonalinho Environmental Education centreLPn Liga para a Proteco da natureza (League for the Protection of nature)Castro Verdetel. +351 286 328 309

    The great plain of the great bustardsCastro Verde

    Great Bustard SOtis tarda

    Fas

    ca

    ITINERARY D

  • -53

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    5252 -

    53

    Sado Estuary01. Saltpans of gambia

    02. caldeira de Tria

    03. comporta

    04. carrasqueira

    Heading South05. Lagoa de Santo Andr

    06. Poos

    07. Lagoa dos Patos

    Campo Branco08. carregueiro

    09. Vale gonalinho

    10. So Pedro das cabeas

    Mrtola11. So Marcos da Ataboeira

    12. guerreiro

    13. Serra de Alaria ruiva

    14. Pulo do Lobo

    day 1

    day 2

    day 3

    day 4

    notestake a boat trip from Setbal to see the dolphins, visit the roman ruins of Cetbriga in tria and visit the Mu-seu das luzernas (oil-lamp Museum) in Castro Verde.

    J F M A M J J A S o N D

    ITINERARY D

    Places to be visited 14 15 18 (see map of Mainland portugal)

    number of days 5

    distance 200 km

    Going up the Sado Riverto Campo Branco

    Rio

    Gua

    dian

    a

    Rio Sado

    Rio Mira

    N

    10 km

    A6

    A2

    Ip2

    VoRA

    BEJA

    AlCCER Do SAl

    SANTIAGoDo CACM

    poRTuGAl

    ATlANTICoCEAN

    CASTRoVERDE

    01

    0203 04

    05 0706

    0809

    1011

    12 13

    14

  • -55

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    54

    descriptionCoastal cliffs , beaches, Mediterranean coastal scrubland, cultivated fields, perma-nent pastureland and fallow land, streams, coastal lagoons and underground lagoons, small pockets of maritime pine woodland.

    SpeciesCorys Shearwater, Mediterranean Shearwa-ter, Wilsons Storm petrel, northern gannet, European Shag, Cattle Heron, Black Stork, Eurasian griffon Vulture, Egyptian Vulture, Short-toed Eagle, Booted Eagle, Bonellis Eagle, Black Kite, red Kite, Marsh Harrier, Hen Harrier, Common Buzzard, European Honey Buzzard, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Eurasian Hobby, peregrine Falcon, little Bustard, Stone Curlew, Eurasian Dotterel, Eurasian golden plover, northern lapwing, great Skua, Mediterranean gull, Sandwich tern, Eurasian Hoopoe, European Bee-eater, tawny pipit, northern Wheatear, Blue rock thrush, Spectacled Warbler, Dartford War-bler, European pied Flycatcher, Spotted Fly-catcher, red-billed Chough.

    Birdwatching sitesponta de Sagres, Cabo de So Vicente, Cabranosa, Vale Santo, pinhal de Vale Santo, torre de aspa, lagoa do Martinhal, paul de Budens.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, dolphins and whales, reptiles and am-phibians, dragonflies, archaeology.

    19. 3702n 0858WCoordinates(central point)Area Natural Park 60.624 haSPA 74.562 haIBA 74.562 haWatching the migrations

    Sagres Peninsula

    ITINERARY ESP

    EA |

    D. L

    eit

    o

    Sagres Cliffs SSouth-West alentejo and Costa Vicentina natural park

    other areas nearbySouth-West alentejo and Costa Vicentina natural park 3722n 0850Wponta da piedade 3705n 0842W

  • -57

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    56

    descriptionCoastal lagoon, dunes, cultivated fields and permanent pastureland.

    Specieslittle Bittern, purple Heron, little Egret, Spoonbill, glossy ibis, greater Flamingo, White Stork, gadwall, northern Shoveler, Common pochard, red-crested pochard, purple Swamp-hen, Stone Curlew, Collared pratincole, Kentish plover, northern lap-wing, Common redshank, Black-tailed god-wit, ruff, Sandwich tern, Caspian tern, Black tern, European Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, Yellow Wagtail, Southern grey Shrike, azure-winged Magpie.

    Birdwatching siteslagoa, praia dos Salgados, praia grande, mouth of ribeira de alcantarilha.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, dragonflies.

    other areas nearbyria do alvor 3707n 0836WMonchique 3718n 0835W

    20.3706n 0820WCoordinates(central point)

    Area IBA 149 haA birdwatchers paradise

    Lagoa dos Salgados

    ITINERARY E

    European Bee-eater SMerops apiaster

    Fas

    ca

  • -59

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    58

    21. 3701n 0749WCoordinates(central point)Area Natural Park 17.664 haSPA 23.295 haIBA 23.296 ha

    interpretationcentres

    Marim Environmental Education centreOlhotel. +351 286 328 309

    descriptionBeaches, dunes, salt marshes, canals, tidal mud flats, saltpans, fish cultures, lagoons, coastal pine groves, pastureland and culti-vated fields.

    Specieslittle Bittern, little Egret, Spoonbill, White Stork, greater Flamingo, Eurasian Wigeon, Common teal, northern Shoveler, Common pochard, red-crested pochard, Marsh Harrier, Booted Eagle, osprey, peregrine Falcon, purple Swamp-hen, Stone Curlew, Collared pratin-cole, Black-winged Stilt, pied avocet, Eurasian oystercatcher, grey plover, northern lapwing, Kentish plover, Dunlin, little Stint, red Knot, Black-tailed godwit, Bar-tailed godwit, Whim-brel, Common redshank, greenshank, au-douins gull, Black-legged little tern, Caspian tern, pallid Swift, European Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, Common Kingfisher, Yellow Wagtail, Bluethroat, azure-winged Magpie.

    Birdwatching sitesQuinta do lago, ludo, praia de Faro, Monte-negro, Faro and Salgados do Fialho, Fuzeta, Quinta de Marim, Saltpans of tavira and Santa luzia, arraial Ferreira neto, Cacela a Velha.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, dragonflies, archaeology, ethnography.

    other areas nearbyCanial de Vilamoura 3705n 0808W

    Lagoons rich in salt, fish and birdsRia Formosa

    ITINERARY E

    Purple Swamp-hen SPorphyrio porphyrio

    Fas

    ca

  • -61

    birdwatching in Portugalmainland Portugal

    60

    descriptionDunes, salt marshes, canals, tidal mud flats, saltpans, fish cultures, lagoons, coastal pine woods, pastureland and cultivated fields.

    Specieslittle Egret, Spoonbill, White Stork, greater Flamingo, northern Shoveler, Common pochard, red-crested pochard, Marsh Harrier, peregrine Falcon, purple Swamp-hen, Stone Curlew, Collared pratincole, Black-winged Stilt, pied avocet, grey plover, Eurasian gold-en plover, northern lapwing, Kentish plover, Dunlin, little Stint, Black-tailed godwit, Bar-tailed godwit, Whimbrel, Common redshank, greenshank, audouins gull, Black-legged lit-tle tern, Caspian tern, pallid Swift, European Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, Common King-fisher, lesser Short-toed lark, Yellow Wagtail, Bluethroat, Woodchat Shrike.

    Birdwatching sitesSapal de Venta Moinhos, posto da rocha, Saltpans of Castro Marim, Saltpans of Cerro do Bufo, Esteiro da Carrasqueira, national Woodland.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, reptiles and amphibians, dragonflies, ethnography.

    other areas nearbySapal da Moita 3715n 0726W

    22. 3712n 0726WCoordinates(central point)Area Nature Reserve2.089 haSPA 2.147 haIBA 2.147 ha

    interpretationcenter

    castro Marim and Vila real de Santo Antnio nature reserve interpretation centreCastro Marimtel. +351 281 510 680

    The paradise of the flamingosCastro Marim

    ITINERARY E

    Greater Flamingos SPhoenicopterus roseus

    Fas

    ca

  • 62 - 6

    3

    Castro Marim01. Salt Marsh of Venta Moinhos

    02. Serro do Bufo

    03. Tavira

    The Heart of the Ria Formosa04. Quinta de Marim

    05. Praia de Faro

    06. Quinta do Lago

    Heading West07. Lagoa dos Salgados

    08. ria do Alvor

    09. Monchique

    Sagres Peninsula10. Paul de Budens

    11. Lagoa do Marinhal

    12. cabo de So Vicente

    13. Pinhal de Vale Santo

    14. Vale Santo

    15. Torre de Aspa

    day 1

    day 2

    day 3

    day 4 and 5

    Places to be visited 19 20 21 (see map of Mainland portugal)

    number of days 5

    distance 160 km

    notestake a boat trip in Sagres to see the birds and dolphins.

    J F M A M J J A S o N D

    ITINERARY E

    AlgarveRio Guadiana

    Rio MirapoRTuGAl

    ATlANTICoCEAN

    Sp

    AIN

    Rio Sado

    N

    10 km

    A2

    IC4A22lAGoS

    FARo

    AlBuFEIRA

    S. BRSDE AlpoRTEl

    CASTRoVERDE

    0102

    03

    0406

    05

    0708

    09

    1314

    15

    121011

    the best of the

  • Tourist informationMainland Portugal

    PORTOwww.portoenorte.pt

    CENTREwww.visitcentro.com

    LISBONwww.visitLisbon.com

    ALENTEJOwww.visitalentejo.pt

    ALGARVEwww.visitalgarve.pt

  • 23. So Miguel P.68

    24. Santa Maria * P.70

    25. graciosa * P.72

    26. Terceira P.74

    27. Faial * P.76

    28. So Jorge * P.78

    29. Pico * P.80

    30. Flores P.82

    31. corvo P.84

    ITINERARY A P.86

    32. Ponta de So Loureno P.88

    33. Lugar de Baixo P.90

    34. Laurissilva Forest P.92

    35. Ponta do Pargo P.94

    36. Porto Santo P.96

    ITINERARY A P.98

    * not included in itinerary

    Azores Madeira

    Places of Interest

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -69

    68

    descriptionlagoons (temporary and permanent) , pas-tureland, peat bog, forest (natural/exotic vegetation/mixed woods), cultivated fields, coastal areas (cliffs, beaches, ports, marinas).

    SpeciesCorys Shearwater, Common Moorhen, Com-mon Quail, Spoonbill, garganey, northern Shoveler, northern pintail, gadwall, Blue-winged teal, Common Buzzard, Eurasian oystercatcher, Semipalmated plover, Com-mon tern, roseate tern, Wood pigeon, Common Blackbird, Blackcap, White Wagtail, goldcrest, Common Starling, Common Chaf-finch, azores Bullfinch.

    Birdwatching sitesSerra da tronqueira, planalto dos gramin-hais, lagoa de So Brs, praia da ribeira grande, lagoa do Fogo, port area of ponta Delgada (port, marina, wastewater treat-ment plant), Batalha golf Course, Beaches of livramento/ppulo, Caloura, port area of Vila Franca do Campo (marina and port), achada das Furnas (rain ponds and puddles in the region), lagoa dos Espraiados, lagoa das Furnas, Sete Cidades (lagoa azul, lagoa Verde and Caldeira do alferes), Mosteiros.

    other attractions in the arealaurissilva Forest, peat bogs, whales and dol-phins, diving.

    3744n 2540WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 1 area, 6.073 haIBA 5 areas, with a total of 6.664 ha

    interpretationcentres

    Azores Bullfinch Environmental centre, run by SPEA Portuguese Society for the Study of BirdsCancela do Cinzeiro Forest Park, Vila de Nordestetel. +351 918 536 123

    So MiguelThe largest island in the archipelago

    ITINERARY A

    Azores Bullfinch SPyrrhula murica

    Pedr

    o M

    onte

    iro

    23.

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL AzorES

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -71

    70

    descriptionpastureland, forest (exotic vegetation), cultivated fields, coastal areas (cliffs, beaches, ports, islets).

    SpeciesCorys Shearwater, little Shearwater, Bul-wers petrel , Common Moorhen, Com-mon Quail, Cattle Egret, Blue-winged teal, tufted Duck, Common Buzzard, Eurasian oystercatcher, Common tern, roseate tern, Short-eared owl, Wood pigeon, Common Blackbird, Blackcap, grey Wagtail, goldcrest, Common Starling, Common Chaffinch.

    Birdwatching sitesairport, ribeira de So Francisco, ginjal, pe-dreira de arrebento, Cova do areo, anjos, Baa da praia, port area of Vila do porto, il-hu da Vila.

    other attractions in the areaDiving, whales and dolphins, beaches.

    3657n 2509WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 1 area, 8haIBA 3 areas, with a total of 346haWonderful birdwatching memories

    Santa Maria

    Roseate Tern SSterna dougallii

    PLG

    eral

    des

    NoT INCluDED IN ITINERARY

    24.

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL AzorES

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -73

    72

    descriptionpastureland, forest (exotic vegetation), cultivated fields, coastal areas (cliffs, beaches, islets).

    SpeciesCorys Shearwater, little Shearwater, Bulw-ers petrel, Madeiran Storm petrel, Monteiros Storm petrel, Common Quail, Common Buz-zard, Common tern, roseate tern, Wood pigeon, Common Blackbird, Blackcap, grey Wagtail, goldcrest, Common Starling, Com-mon Chaffinch.

    Birdwatching sitesSanta Cruz, Beach (So Mateus), ponta da Barca, ilhu da praia, ilhu de Baixo.

    other attractions in the areaDiving, whales and dolphins.

    3903n 2758WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 2 areas, with a total of 85 haIBA 4 areas, with a total of 219 ha

    Graciosa

    NoT INCluDED IN ITINERARY

    Monteiros Storm Petrel SOceanodroma monteiroi

    PLG

    eral

    des

    25.

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL AzorES

    One of the most interesting places for watching seabirds

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -75

    74

    descriptionlagoons, (intensive and semi-natural) pas-tureland, peat bogs, forest (natural/exotic/mixed vegetation), coastal areas (cliffs, ports, marinas, islets).

    SpeciesCorys Shearwater, great Blue Heron, great Egret, Common Quail, american Wigeon, green-winged teal, Blue-winged teal, Com-mon Buzzard, Semipalmated plover, Killdeer, american golden plover, White-rumped Sandpiper, pectoral Sandpiper, Semipalmat-ed Sandpiper, Spotted Sandpiper, lesser Yel-lowlegs, ring-billed gull, Common tern, ro-seate tern, Wood pigeon, Belted Kingfisher, azorean Chaffinch.

    Birdwatching sitespaul da praia, Cabo da praia, Marina/port of praia da Vitria, Fishing port of praia da Vitria, paul do Belo Jardim, ponta das Contendas, ilhu da Mina, lagoa do ginjal, lagoa do Junco, reservoir of Cabrito, lagoa do negro.

    other attractions in the arealagoons, peat bogs, diving, whales and dol-phins, native flora, caves, angra do Herosmo World Heritage (unESCo).

    3839n 2712WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 2 areas, with a total of 119 haIBA 3 areas, with a total of 169 ha

    TerceiraWatching shore birds of north american origin

    ITINERARY A

    Pectoral Sandpiper SCalidris melanotos

    Turis

    mo

    de P

    ortu

    gal |

    Ger

    bran

    d

    26.

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL AzorES

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -77

    76

    descriptionpastureland (intensive and semi-natural), forest (natural/exotic/mixed vegetation), cul-tivated fields, coastal areas (cliffs, beaches, islets).

    SpeciesCorys Shearwater, little Shearwater, Blue-winged teal, Common Quail , Common Buzzard, Semipalmated plover, pectoral Sandpiper, Semipalmated Sandpiper, Spot-ted Sandpiper, lesser Yellowlegs, Common tern, roseate tern, Wood pigeon, Common Blackbird, Blackcap, grey Wagtail, goldcrest, Common Starling, Common Chaffinch.

    Birdwatching sitesCaldeira, Volcano of Capelinhos, porto pim, porto da Horta, pedro Miguel (lagoons).

    other attractions in the areageology (Volcano of Capelinhos, Caldeira), diving, whales and dolphins.

    3831n 2838WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 2 areas, with a total of 1.210 haIBA 5 areas, with a total of 1.677 haThe volcano of Capelinhos

    Faial

    NoT INCluDED IN ITINERARYPL

    Ger

    alde

    s

    Corys Shearwater SCalonectris diomedea

    27.

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL AzorES

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -79

    78

    descriptionlagoons, (intensive and semi-natural) pas-tureland, peat bogs, forest (natural/exotic/mixed vegetation), coastal areas (cliffs, ports, islets).

    SpeciesCorys Shearwater, little Shearwater, Bulw-ers petrel, Common Quail, Blue-winged teal, Semipalmated plover, Common tern, rose-ate tern, Wood pigeon, Common Blackbird, Blackcap, grey Wagtail, goldcrest, Common Starling, Common Chaffinch.

    Birdwatching sitesilhu do topo, ponta dos rosais , Faj dos Cubres, porto de Velas.

    other attractions in the areapeat bogs, diving, whales and dolphins, native flora, fajs (flat land at the bottom of sea cliffs).

    3836n 2801WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 1 area, 230 haIBA 3 areas, with a total of 1.264 ha

    So Jorge

    NoT INCluDED IN ITINERARY

    So Jorge Island Stopo islander

    Joaq

    uim

    Teo

    dsi

    o

    28.

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL AzorES

    The island of the fajs

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -81

    80

    descriptionlagoons, (intensive and semi-natural) pastu-reland, peat bogs, forest (natural/exotic/mi-xed vegetation), coastal areas (cliffs, ports, islets), subalpine areas.

    SpeciesCorys Shearwater, little Shearwater, Bulwers petrel, Common Quail, Blue-winged teal, Com-mon Buzzard, Semipalmated plover, Semipal-mated Sandpiper, Spotted Sandpiper, Com-mon tern, roseate tern, Wood pigeon, Belted Kingfisher, Common Blackbird, Blackcap, grey Wagtail, goldcrest, Common Starling, Com-mon Chaffinch, Canary.

    Birdwatching siteslagoa do Capito, lagoa do Caiado, lagoa rasa, lagoa do Juncal, lagoa rosada, la-goa do peixinho, porto da Madalena, porto de So roque, ilhu de Santo antnio, porto das lajes, ponta da ilha, ponta dos ourios.

    other attractions in the arealagoons, peat bogs, diving, whales and dolphins, native flora, pico Mountain, Cen-tral plateau, landscape of the pico island Vineyard Culture World Heritage.

    3832n 2831WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 3 area, with a total of 315 haIBA 6 areas, with a total of 6.429 haThe mountain

    Pico

    Pico Mountain S

    Joaq

    uim

    Teo

    dsi

    o

    NoT INCluDED IN ITINERARYiSLAndS oF PorTugAL AzorES

    29.

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -83

    82

    descriptionlagoons, (intensive and semi-natural) pas-tureland, peat bogs, forest (natural/exotic/mixed vegetation), coastal areas (cliffs, bea-ches, ports, islets).

    SpeciesCorys Shearwater, Manx Shearwater, little Shearwater, Bulwers petrel, Common Mo-orhen, Common Quail, Black Duck, green-win-ged teal, Blue-winged teal, ring-necked Duck, tufted Duck, Semipalmated plover, pectoral Sandpiper, Spotted Sandpiper, lesser Yellow-legs, Common tern, roseate tern, Wood pige-on, Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Common Blackbird, Blackcap, White Wagtail, goldcrest, Common Starling, Common Chaffinch, Canary, red--eyed Vireo, Yellow Warbler, Black-throated green Warbler, ovenbird.

    Birdwatching sitesSanta Cruz, lajes, lagoa da lomba; Faj do lopo, ribeira grande, ponta Delgada, lagoa Seca, lagoa Funda, lagoa rasa, lagoa Bran-ca, ribeiro do Moinho, ponta do albernaz, la-goa dos patos, Miradouro de Craveiro lopes, lagoinha, Quebrada nova, lajedo, Fajzinha, aldeia da Quada, Quebrada da Muda, Faj grande, bird observatory at lagoa Branca and the footpath pr-3-Flo lagoas /poa do Bacalhau.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, diving, observing whales and dol-phins.

    3927n 3107WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 4 areas, with a total of 937 haIBA 4 areas, with a total of 937 haThe island of the lagoons

    Flores

    Observatory SLagoa Branca, Flores

    Ger

    bran

    d A

    M M

    ichi

    else

    n

    ITINERARY A

    30.

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL AzorES

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -85

    84

    descriptionpastureland (intensive and semi-natural), coastal areas (cliffs, islets).

    SpeciesCorys Shearwater, little Shearwater, Com-mon Quail, american Wigeon, green-winged teal, Blue-winged teal, Black Duck, ring-necked Duck, tufted Duck, Scaup, Semipal-mated plover, Killdeer, Buff-breasted Sand-piper, White-rumped Sandpiper, pectoral Sandpiper, Semipalmated Sandpiper, lesser Yellowlegs, Common tern, roseate tern, Wood pigeon, Common nighthawk, Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Common Blackbird, Blackcap, grey Wagtail, Common Starling, Common Chaffinch, red-eyed Vireo, Yellow Warbler, Black-throated green Warbler, ovenbird.

    Birdwatching sitesribeira entre as Cancelas , ribeira do Cantinho, ribeira da amoreira, Fojo, ribeira do poo de gua, ribeira da ponte, ribeira do Cerrado das Vacas, ponta do Marco, Vila nova do Corvo, Caldeiro.

    other attractions in the areaDiving, observing whales and dolphins.

    3940n 3106WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 1 area, 374 haIBA 1 area, 374 ha

    CorvoThe best place in europe for watching american birds

    ITINERARY A

    Cliffs S

    PLG

    eral

    des

    31.

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  • Observao de aves em PortugalPOrtugal cOntinental

    -87

    86

    Places to be visited 1 4 8 9 (see map of the islands of portugal)

    number of days 7

    islands So Miguel, terceira, Flores, Corvo

    J F M A M J J A S o N D

    ITINERARY A

    So Miguel01. nordeste (visit to the

    Azores Bullfinch Environ-mental Centre (Centro Ambiental do Priolo CAP), then taking the Tronqueira road to the viewing point)

    02. Lagoa das Furnas (walk around the lake)

    03. Praia do Monte Verde (Ribeira Grande)

    04. Sete cidades (visit to the Lagoa Azul and Lagoa Verde, and Caldeira do Alferes)

    05. Mosteiros

    06. Porto de Ponta delgada (walk from the old port to the waste-water treatment plant)

    Terceira07. Paul da Praia

    08. Marina/beach of Praia da Vitria

    09. Fishing port of Praia da Vitria

    10. Quarry of cabo da Praia

    11. Fenland at foot of Serra do cume (visit to the Lagoa do Ginjal/Junco and ponds in the vicinity)

    12. reservoir of cabrito

    Flores13. Santa cruz

    14. Lajes

    15. Lagoa da Lomba

    16. Ponta delgada

    17. Lagoa Seca

    18. Lagoa Funda

    19. Lagoa rasa

    20. Lagoa Branca

    21. Lagoa dos Patos

    22. Ponta do Albernaz

    23. Faj grande

    Corvo24. caldeiro

    25. ribeira entre as cancelas

    26. ribeira do cantinho

    27. ribeira da Amoreira

    28. ribeira do cerrado das Vacas

    29. ribeira do Poo de gua

    30. ribeira da Ponte

    31. Fojo

    notestake a boat trip to observe whales and dolphins.Visit the volcanic caves of algar and natal (terceira).

    15 September to 15 March

    Migratory BirdsThe route of the

    N

    N

    5 km

    10 km

    ATlANTICoCEAN

    ER 1-2

    STA. CRuz DAS FloRES

    TErcEirA

    So MiguEL

    FLorES

    ANGRA Do HERoISMo

    corVo

    VIlA Do CoRVo

    22

    20

    16

    1821

    2313

    19

    15

    14

    0504

    06

    03

    02

    0112 11

    0708

    10

    17

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -89

    88

    description

    arid peninsula with rocky cliffs and nearby islets.

    Speciesplain Swift, atlantic Canary, European gold-finch, Berthelots pipit, Common Kestrel, Common Buzzard, Common linnet, rock Sparrow, Common tern, Yellow-legged gull, Corys Shearwater, Manx Shearwater, little Shearwater, Bulwers petrel.

    Birdwatching sitesWalk to the observatory (roughly three hours round trip).

    other attractions in the areageology, f lora , do lphins and whales , land shells and reptiles.

    other areas nearbyFoz da ribeira de Machico 3243n 1645W

    32. 3244n 1641WCoordinates(central point)Area area included in the Madeira natural parkIBA 321 ha

    interpretationcentres

    casa do Sardinha Birdwatching and reception centreParque Florestal da Ponta de So Loureno, Machicotel. +351 291 214 360

    Ponta de So LourenoThe easternmost point of Madeira island

    ITINERARY A

    Berthelots Pipit S Anthus berthelotii

    Turis

    mo

    de P

    ortu

    gal

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL MAdEirA

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -91

    90

    descriptionSaltwater pond and cane thicket.

    SpeciesCommon Sandpiper, northern Shoveler, Dunlin, Black-winged Stilt, Black-headed gull, Black-tailed godwit, grey Wagtail, Common tern, Common redshank, Common ringed plover, Eurasian Coot, Common Moorhen, grey Heron, little Egret, turnstone.

    Birdwatching sitesaround the lagoon.

    other attractions in the areaarchitectural heritage and observing whales and dolphins.

    other areas nearbypaul da Serra 3245n 1705W

    3240n 1705WCoordinates(central point)

    Area 3500 m2

    interpretationcentres

    Lugar de Baixo Ecotourism centrePonta do Soltel. +351 291 972 850

    The only tidal lagoon in the archipelagoLugar de Baixo

    Lugar de Baixo Sinterpretation Centre

    Ana

    Isa

    bel F

    agun

    des

    ITINERARY A

    33.

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL MAdEirA

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -93

    92

    descriptionnative Madeira forest, characterised by the presence of different species of lauraceae, rocky areas, streams and cultivated fields.

    SpeciesEurasian Sparrowhawk, Common Buzzard, Madeira laurel pigeon, European robin, Com-mon Kestrel, Common Chaffinch, grey Wag-tail, Madeira Firecrest, Common Blackbird, plain Swift, Blackcap, Eurasian Woodcock.

    Birdwatching sitesFaj da nogueira , Ba lces , Fo lhadal , rabaal, Fanal, Cho da ribeira and various viewing points all around the island.

    other attractions in the areaFlora, butterflies, geology, ethnography.

    interpretationcentres

    ribeiro Frio Environmental Education centreParque Florestal do Ribeiro Frio So Roque do Faialtel. +351 291 575 034

    3244n 1654WCoordinates(central point)

    Area SPA 15.242 haIBA 15.242 haThe wonder of nature

    Laurissilva Forest

    Madeira Laurel Pigeon S Columba

    Car

    los

    Cab

    ral

    ITINERARY A

    34.

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL MAdEirA

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -95

    94

    descriptionHigh rocky cliffs, with several fajs, cultivat-ed fields, pine and eucalyptus woods.

    SpeciesEurasian Sparrowhawk, red-legged partridge, Common Quail, Berthelots pipit, plain Swift, Common Buzzard, Common linnet, Madeiran Storm petrel, rock Sparrow, atlantic Canary, Blackcap, Spectacled Warbler, Bulwers petrel, Corys Shearwater, Manx Shearwater, little Shearwater, gaivina.

    Birdwatching siteslighthouse, o Fio tea rooms, ponta do pargo Civic Centre and naturally-formed swimming-pools of porto Moniz.

    other attractions in the areageology, flora, whales and dolphins, butterflies.

    other areas nearbypaul da Serra 3245n 1705Wachadas da Cruz 3251n 1712W

    3248n 1715W3251n 1710WCoordinates(central points)

    Area IBA 1.161 ha

    Ponta do Pargo and Porto Moniz

    ITINERARY A

    Atlantic Canary SSerinus-canaria

    A

    ndy

    Hay

    , rsp

    b-im

    ages

    .com

    35.

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL MAdEirA

  • Observao de aves em Portugal

    -97

    96

    descriptionarid landscape rich in undergrowth, with some ponds and streams.

    SpeciesBerthelots pipit, Common ringed plover, Eurasian Coot, Common Moorhen, Yellow-legged gull, rock Sparrow, Spanish Sparrow, Spectacled Warbler, Eurasian Hoopoe, plain Swift, Whimbrel, Canary, Common tern, roseate tern, Sanderling, grey Heron, little Egret, turnstone, Kentish plover.

    Birdwatching sitesStio do tanque, praia da Calheta, pico Castelo, ribeiro Salgado and porto Santo golf Course.

    other attractions in the areageology, flora, dolphins and whales, ethno-graphy.

    3248n 1715WCoordinates(central point)

    Area IBA 929 ha

    Porto Santo

    ITINERARY A

    Porto Santo S

    Ana

    isab

    el F

    agun

    des

    interpretationcentres

    Ecoteca do Porto Santotel. +351 291 982 069

    36.

    iSLAndS oF PorTugAL MAdEirA

  • -99

    98

    number of days 6

    Further informationon any of these days, you can take a boat trip (in the morning or after-noon) to observe the seabirds along the southern coast of Madeira. this service is provided by various maritime/tourist companies based in Funchal, Machico or Calheta. the best time of the year for taking such a trip is be-tween May and September.

    J F M A M J J A S o N D

    ITINERARY A

    Between March and July, there is also a possibility (when accom-panied by authorised guides) of paying a night-time visit to the nest-ing grounds of the Madeiran Storm petrel, where you can hear their dis t inc t ive ca l ls as they return to their nests.

    From March to october

    N

    5 km

    ATlANTICoCEAN

    MADEIRA

    poRToSANTo

    IlHASDESERTAS

    FuNCHAl

    09

    10 11

    08

    06 07

    0302 01

    05

    04

    12

    13

    The best of the 98 - 9

    9

    day 1

    day 2

    day 3

    day 4

    day 5

    day 6

    STArT

    8:00diSTAncE By cAr

    54 Km

    STArT

    9:00diSTAncE By cAr

    36 Km

    STArT

    8:00ddiSTAncE By cAr

    78 Km

    STArT

    8:00diSTAncE By cAr

    120 Km

    Endemic Species01. Miradouro dos Balces

    (short walk between Ribeiro Frio and Balces 3 Km)

    02. Faj da nogueira

    03. Pico do Areeiro

    Easternmost Point 04. Ponta de So Loureno

    (8 Km, round trip)

    05. ribeira de Machico

    From the top down to the sea06. risco (rabaal)

    07. Paul da Serra

    08. Lagoa do Lugar de Baixo

    Westernmost Point 09. Ponta do Pargo

    10. Achadas da cruz

    11. Porto Moniz

    Porto Santo12. Porto Santo

    Ilhas Desertas 13. ilhas desertas nature reserve

    (observation of seabirds, whales and dolphins during the boat trip)

    Trip from Funchal to Porto Santo at 8:00, on a Ferry-Boat

    Boat trip to Ilhas Desertas takes roughly 3h.

    Services provided by various maritime/tourist companies.

  • Tourist InformationIslands of Portugal

    AZORESwww.visitazores.travel

    MADEIRAwww.madeiraislands.travel

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    Notes

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  • Notes