Biography of Admiral Phipps Hornby

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Biography of Admiral Phipps Hornby


<ul><li><p>(farneU Jtttttferattg StbrargStlmca. Nero i?ork</p><p>BERNARD ALBERT SINNCOLLECTION</p><p>NAVAL HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHYTHE GIFT OF</p><p>BERNARD A. SINN, '971919 "</p></li><li><p>HOME USE RULESAll Books subject to recall</p><p>All borrowers must regis- ? ter in the library to borrow</p><p>.books for home use.</p><p>All books must be re-turned at end of collegeyear for inspection andrepairs.</p><p>Limited books must bereturned within the four\week limit and not renewed.</p><p>,</p><p>Students must return all..'. m books before leaving town.</p><p>Officers should arrange forthe return of books wantedduring their absence from</p><p> town.c</p><p>Volumes of periodicalsand of pamphlets are held</p><p> in the library as much aspossible. For special pur-</p><p>. poses they are given out fora limited time.</p><p>Borrowers should not usetheir library privileges forthe benefit of other persons.</p><p>Books of special valuei</p><p>and gift books, when thegiver wishes it, are notallowed to circulate.</p><p>Readers are asked to re- </p><p>port all cases of booksmarked or mutilated.</p><p>Do not deface books by marks and writing.</p><p>Cornell University LibraryDA 88.1.H81E29</p><p>Admira</p><p>3 1924 027 922 479 olin</p></li><li><p>The original of this book is inthe Cornell University Library.</p><p>There are no known copyright restrictions inthe United States on the use of the text.</p><p></p></li><li><p>SIK GEOFFREY PHIPPS HOENBY</p></li><li><p>"the bairn that is born on the sabbath-datis wise, and loving, and bonny, and gay."</p></li><li><p>V,'illu&gt;r *:Biit.ill.Ph.'.t</p></li><li><p>ADMIEAL OF THE FLEET</p><p>SIR GEOFFREY PHIPPS HORNBYGr. C. B.</p><p>&amp; Biograpljg</p><p>BY</p><p>MRS FRED. EGERTON</p><p>WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND SONSEDINBURGH AND LONDON</p><p>MDCCCXCVI</p></li><li><p>etiicateti</p><p>TO</p><p>MY FATHER'S OLD SHIPMATES</p><p>AND COMRADES.</p></li><li><p>CONTENTS.</p><p>CHAPTER I.</p><p>CHILDHOOD.PAGE</p><p>Parentage and birthEarly traitsSchool-days at "Winwickand PlymouthChoice of a profession . . .1</p><p>CHAPTER II.</p><p>H.M.S. PRINCESS CHARLOTTE, 1837-1840.</p><p>H.M.S. Princess CharlotteHow ships were fitted out in 1837An adventure at Malta Recollections by Sir ArthurFarquharDefeat of Ibrahim Pasha and the bombardmentof Acre, 1839 ....... 6</p><p>CHAPTER III.H.M.S. WINCHESTER, 1842-1844 H.M.S. CLEOPATRA, 1844-1847.</p><p>H.M.S. Winchester, 1842Letter to Admiral Sir Robert Stop-fordVoyage to the CapeA Boer insurrectionExpedi-tion to NatalReminiscences by Sir Anthony Hoskins</p><p>H.M.S. Cleopatra, 1844East African slaversReturn toEngland, 1847 . . . . . . .14</p></li><li><p>Vlll CONTENTS.</p><p>CHAPTER IV.</p><p>H.M.S. ASIA, 1847-1851.</p><p>Personal appearance and characterAppointment as flag-lieu-tenant to his father in the Pacific SquadronH.MS. Asia,1848Life at ValparaisoDeath of his eldest brother</p><p>Appointed commander of the flagshipDiscovery of goldin CaliforniaReturn to Littlegreen, 1851 . 25</p><p>CHAPTER V.</p><p>JOURNEY TO CEYLON, 1851 PORTSMOUTH, 1857.</p><p>Tour with Lord StanleyMaltaSuezCeylonIllness andreturn to EnglandPromotionMarriage, 1853Manage-ment of his father's estate Appointment to the NavalCollege........ 38</p><p>CHAPTER VI.</p><p>H.M.S. TRIBUNE, 1858-1860.</p><p>The command of H.M.S. Tribune in China, 1858Descriptiveletters from "Whampoa Nangasaki Esquimault TheFrazer riverThe San Juan difficultyNaval officers elec-tioneeringReturn to EnglandDeath of Lady Hornby . 48</p><p>CHAPTER VII.</p><p>H.M.S. NEPTUNE, 1861-1862.</p><p>Appointment to H.M.S. JVepttme, 1861Sir William Martin</p><p>The beginning of steam-tacticsCelebrations at Naples</p><p>Life at MaltaKing Victor Emmanuel visits the fleet</p><p>Residence at NaplesH.M.S. Black Prince . . 75</p></li><li><p>CONTENTS. IX</p><p>CHAPTER VIII.</p><p>H.M.S. EDGAR, 1863-1865.</p><p>H.M.S. Edgar, 1863A tour of the British IslesGreenock</p><p>LiverpoolVisit from Garibaldi at Portland CaptainCowper-Coles on armoured shipsMission to LisbonIn-vestiture of the King of Portugal with the Garter" UncleGeoff "Comparisons with the French fleet . . .99</p><p>CHAPTER IX.</p><p>H.M.S. BRISTOL, 1865-1868.</p><p>Appointed commodore of the "West African station, 1865</p><p>H.M.S. BristolOutbreak of fever at Sierra LeoneTheslave-tradeMissionary and trading difficultiesAscensionSt HelenaDeath of Admiral Hornby, 1867ImpairedhealthHome again . . . . . .117</p><p>CHAPTER X.</p><p>THE FLYING SQUADRON, JUNE 1869 TO NOVEMBER 1870.</p><p>Promotion to flag-rank with command of the Flying Squadron</p><p>Its compositionNotes for the use of captainsRioCapeTownMelbourne and SydneyHobart TownNotes onNew ZealandReception by the MikadoEnd of the cruise 139</p><p>CHAPTER XL</p><p>THE CHANNEL SQUADRON, SEPT. 1871 TO SEPT. 1874.</p><p>The loss of H.M.S. CaptainThe Committee on Naval Con-structionCommand of Channel Fleet, 1871General Sher-manKingstonSteam evolutionsSailing racesSport atVigoAbdication of King of SpainThe Shah's visit</p><p>Coronation festivities in SwedenTrial of H.M.S. Devasta-tionQuestion of naval uniform . . . .158</p></li><li><p>CONTENTS.</p><p>CHAPTER XIL</p><p>THE ADMIRALTY, 1875 AND 1876.</p><p>Holiday at LittlegreenSecond Sea-Lord</p><p>"Work at the Ad-miraltyCriticism of the Board . . . .186</p><p>CHAPTER XIII.</p><p>THE MEDITERRANEAN, 1877-1880.</p><p>The Mediterranean command, 1876The prospect in the EastH.M.S. AlexandraSteam evolutionsInsubordinationThe Russian advance on ConstantinopleSeries of lettersdescribing the situationPassage of the DardanellesCausesof the Russian failureInterview with the SultanPeacewith honourSir GeoffreyEstimate of the value of CyprusExplosion on H.M.S. ThundererThe Sultan's banquet</p><p>Expiry of command . . . . . .197</p><p>CHAPTER XIY.</p><p>THE GREENWICH ROYAL NAVAL COLLEGE, 1881 TO 1882.</p><p>Letter of approval from AdmiraltyAppointed President ofthe Royal Naval CollegeWork at GreenwichThe Egyp-tian campaign . . . . . . .329</p><p>CHAPTER XV.</p><p>PORTSMOUTH, 1882-1885.</p><p>Commander-in-Chief, 1882Work at PortsmouthCruise toChannel IslandsRumours of warManoeuvresFarewelldinner........ 338</p></li><li><p>CONTENTS. XI</p><p>CHAPTER XVI.</p><p>ADMIRAL OP THE FLEET.</p><p>Life at LordingtonG.C.B. and A.D.C.The Queen's JubileeAdmiral of the FleetIllnessGerman manoeuvres . 362</p><p>CHAPTER XVII.</p><p>CONCLUSION.</p><p>A serious accidentDeath of the Admiral's sister and wife</p><p>Public dutiesThe last Drawing-roomIllness and death . 386</p><p>Index ........ 401</p></li><li><p>PORTRAITS.</p><p>ADMIRAL HORNBY WHEN A MIDSHIPMAN. . Frontispiece</p><p>From a miniature painted at Naples.</p><p>ADMIRAL HORNBY WHEN CAPTAIN OF H.M.S.NEPTUNE Toface p. 90</p><p>From a photo taken at Naples.</p><p>ADMIRAL HORNBY Toface p. 362</p><p>From a photo taken at Lordington.</p></li><li><p>SIB GEOFFKEY PHIPPS HOENBY, G.C.B.</p><p>CHAPTER I.</p><p>CHILDHOOD.</p><p>PARENTAGE AND BIRTH EARLY TRAITS SCHOOL-DAYS AT WIN-WICK AND PLYMOUTH CHOICE OF A PROFESSION.</p><p>At the highest point of the low ridge whichdivides Cheshire from Lancashire, Winwick Churchcrowns the slope. It is a beautiful old thir-</p><p>teenth-century church, and used to boast of aunique east window, but this was restored awaysome fifty years ago. Winwick was one of thebest livings in Lord Derby's gift, and from 1781to 1855 was held by two Hornbys in succession.The elder of these two rectors was Geoffrey,</p><p>only son of Edmund Hornby, Esq. of Poulton andScale Hall, and Margaret, his wife, daughter ofJohn Winckley, Esq., of Preston. The Rev.Geoffrey Hornby married, April 27, 1772, LucyStanley, sister of Edward, twelfth Earl of Derby.</p><p>A</p></li><li><p>2 SIR GEOFFREY PHIPPS HORNBY.</p><p>The Rev. Geoffrey and his wife were parentsof thirteen children, of whom the second son,James John, succeeded his father in the living,</p><p>1812; and the fifth son, Phipps, so called afterhis godfather, Mr Thomas Peckham Phipps ofLittlegreen, Sussex, entered the navy.</p><p>Captain (afterwards Sir Phipps) Hornby, whohad served as a mate on board the Victory underNelson, commanded the 22-gun ship Volage at SirWilliam Hoste's action off Lissa, March 13, 1811,for which he was awarded the rare distinctionof a gold medal. A flag, belonging to a Frenchfrigate captured in the action, still hangs in Win-wick Church as a trophy of the victory.</p><p>Captain Hornby married, December 22, 1814,Maria Sophia, daughter of the Right Hon. GeneralJohn Burgoyne. The bride, after her father'sdeath, lived with Lord and Lady Derby, andwas married from her old home, " The Oaks,"in Surrey, a place which Lord Derby had boughtfrom General Burgoyne, and where he usuallyspent the early part of the winter. Of MrsHornby there seems to have been but one opinion," the wisest woman that ever lived." Her re-lation with her children was most beautiful, andmany who were not her children, but who werelonely and in trouble, were taken to her heartand "mothered."</p><p>After the war, when Captain Hornby was puton half-pay, the attraction of old associations and</p></li><li><p>CHILDHOOD. 3</p><p>the neighbourhood of his brother drew him toWinwick, where the young couple settled downin a little cottage near the church. It was here</p><p>that on Sunday morning, February 20, 1825, wasborn their second son and sixth child, GeoffreyThomas Phipps, as he was christened in WinwickChurch, March 22, of the same year.The earliest nursery tradition of the little Geof-</p><p>frey is of a sturdy, red-headed little boy, veryangry because he had been contradicted by hisnurse, and vociferating as loudly as he could, " Imust ! I will ! I shall !</p><p>"</p><p>Mrs Hornby kept a little memorandum-bookin which she noted down all the quaint sayingsand doings of her children. In most of the anec-dotes which concern her son Geoff signs may betraced of qualities which distinguished him inafter-life. The strong will, which helped him toovercome a naturally impetuous temper, and madehim such a leader and ruler of men, because he hadlearnt to control himself ; a touch of dandyism</p><p>;</p><p>an innate sense of chivalry and politeness ; ascrupulous honesty and dislike of any half-truths,and a simple faith and strong religious feeling,which made him always give duty and upright-ness the foremost place, and would never allowhim to truckle to expediency.The first seven years of his life were spent at</p><p>Winwick, with only an annual break of a fewmonths' visit to Knowsley. Lord Derby's great</p></li><li><p>4 SIR GEOFFREY PHIPPS HORNBY.</p><p>pleasure was to gather a large family party to-</p><p>gether in the summer months, and the visit toKnowsley was looked forward to by all the chil-dren as the holiday-time of the year. Every</p><p>room in the house, every spot in the park, seems</p><p>to have its own legend, its own particular " Doyou remember ?</p><p>"</p><p>In 1832 Captain Hornby was appointed Cap-tain Superintendent of the Naval Hospital andVictualling-Yard at Devonport. The whole partywent round to Plymouth by sea father andmother, seven children (the eldest son was then atRugby), governess, and servants ; and owing tostormy weather, the passage from Liverpool to</p><p>Plymouth took eleven days.Little Geoff had already been to school for a</p><p>year, as a day-boy,to the Grammar-School atWinwick, which just then had risen to great pros-perity as a preparatory school under the master-ship of the Rev. T. Hinde. At Plymouth theschool chosen for him was Mr Southwood's, becausethe mathematical teaching was said to be good.His ability showed itself not so much in any pre-cocious quickness, as in thoughtfulness, persever-</p><p>ance, and a keen desire for knowledge.One who knew Geoff at this time describes him</p><p>as a quick, active boy, neither particularly good-</p><p>looking nor the reverse, with a very red head, whichhis mother called "auburn," and a great passionfor animals, especially horses. His only other</p></li><li><p>CHILDHOOD. 5</p><p>passion was the navy : every evening his occupa-tion was to carve little boats out of small pieces</p><p>of wood, spreading his handkerchief very tidily on</p><p>the table to catch the chips, and then, having gothis sisters to hem the sails, he proceeded to righis small flotilla. Some of his uncles amusedthemselves by trying to persuade him to try forthe appointment of page to William IV. Amongmany of the glories of the position, which theyinvented for his benefit, they told him that hewould have a horse kept for him. For a whilethis rather attracted him ; but when they told himtruthfully that the end of a page's career was acommission in the Guards, he utterly declined to</p><p>countenance the idea, renouncing even the hope</p><p>of having a horse, because he would be a sailor.</p></li><li><p>CHAPTER II.</p><p>H.M.S. PRINCESS CHARLOTTE, 1837-1840.</p><p>H.M.S. PRINCESS CHARLOTTE HOW SHIPS WERE FITTED OUT IN1837 AN ADVENTURE AT MALTA RECOLLECTIONS BY SIRARTHUR FARQUHAR DEFEAT OF IBRAHIM PASHA AND THEBOMBARDMENT OF ACRE, 1839.</p><p>Geoffrey Thomas Phipps Hornby was enteredon board H.M.S. Princess Charlotte as a first-class</p><p>volunteer on March 8, 1837. She was then fittingout as the Mediterranean flagship, carrying theflag of Admiral Sir Robert Stopford, K.C.B. Oneof the advantages of being in a flagship was thatshe carried a schoolmaster, a privilege seldomgranted to any other class of ships in those days.Captain Phipps Hornby took his little son downto Portsmouth to enter him ; but as the flag-captain, afterwards Sir Arthur Fanshawe, did notwant the boys on board when he was fitting out,the lad was given leave to return to Plymouthtill May 20, when he left home to join his shipby a steamer which plied between Plymouth andPortsmouth every Monday morning.The Princess Charlotte was still at Portsmouth</p></li><li><p>H.M.S. PRINCESS CHARLOTTE. 7</p><p>at the time of the Queen's Accession, June 20, andthe first royal salute which Geoff Hornby everheard fired was in honour of that event. In after-life he was wont to say that he and her Majestyentered the public service in the same year. In</p><p>those days, fitting out a ship was a much longerbusiness than it is now. Instead of receiving herquite ready from the hands of the dockyard, thecaptain had usually to hoist in her masts and tosee to her rigging ; and how she was found de-pended very much on what means he had at hisdisposal. He had, moreover, to enter his ownmen. Placards would be posted up all over thetown where the ship was commissioning, "Wanted,so many hundred men of the right sort," &amp;c, &amp;c.If few ships had been commissioned lately, and ifthe captain or the station was popular, a ship's</p><p>company was very quickly got together. The daybefore she sailed the men were given a little payin advance, and there was a regular orgy on board.All the men's friends, male and female, came totake leave, and a great many who were not friendsbrought liquor on board. There was a great deal</p><p>of drunkenness, and some mothers, who were ill-advised enough to go that day to take leave of theirlittle midshipmen sons, went away with a horribleimpression of life on board ship. A day or two atsea, however, usually sufficed for things to settle</p><p>down in their usual routine till the end of thecommission.</p></li><li><p>8 SIR GEOFFREY PHIPPS HORNBY.</p><p>The Princess Charlotte, with Admiral Sir Robert,Lady Stopford, and her daughters on board, sailedfor the Mediterranean from Portsmouth on July</p><p>3, 1837.</p><p>During the winter 1837-1838 the fleet winteredas usual at Malta, and in those days the feelingbetween the English and Maltese ran very high.There was one exhibition of this during thewinter, which Geoff Hornby used always to de-scribe with great gusto. One night at the opera,in consequence of a large party which was goingon elsewhere, there were very few English in thehouse. A prima-donna, who was very popularwith the English, was singing, and for this reasonthe Maltese decided to hiss her. Directly she hadfinished her aria, and the English began to applaud,the Maltese began to hiss. A big Englishman whowas sitting next to a Maltese said, " If you do thatagain I shall turn you out." The M...</p></li></ul>