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BINASUAN DANCE

LITERATURE

Binasuan, a dance originating in the Philippines, primarily involves three drinking glasses that a Binasuan dancer (usually a woman) gracefully balances--on her head and in the palms of both her hands--as she moves. Each glass is half-full with rice wine, and a Binasuan dancer's skill is determined by her ability not to drop a glass or spill any wine over the course of her performance. The tradition of Binasuan dance originates in the Pangasinan province of the Philippines. Pangasinan is located on the central western coast of the country, and is host to several national festivals where Binasuan dance is often featured.

HISTORY

Binasuan dance derived its name from a Pangasinan phrase that literally translates to mean "with the use of a drinking glass." Though it is not known exactly when Binasuan dance originated, dance has been an important part of Filipino culture for centuries, beginning as a way for people to express thanks to the gods, in festivals and traditional celebrations, for blessings and prosperity.y Features

Binasuan dancers are famous for their skill and grace, balancing three glasses of rice wine while turning, rolling and spinning to fastpaced music. Sometimes dancers introduce other elements, such as weights placed on their feet, to increase the dance's difficulty--and therefore the dancer's prestige.y Significance

Binasuan dance, though formerly a traditional art known only to Filipinos, is now internationally recognized and sought after, with dance troupes touring around the globe and tourists to the Philippines increasingly seeking out local performances.y Function

Binasuan dance is a colorful, lively art that is often performed at celebratory occasions in the Filipino culture, such as weddings and parties. Sometimes, dancers will compete over who can complete the most skillful moves, while balancing their glasses, for the entertainment of the audience.y Costume

In terms of costume, the dance calls for the Balintawak costume with the tapis and the pauelo.y Music

The music used in this dance is composed of two parts and then danced to the tune of Pitoy Oras.

y

Count

Count is important and in this dance one, two or three to a measure is used.y Formation

The dance starts with the dancer or the dancers enters the hall from one side of the room, stops at the center then faces the audience. The Binasuan dance will start that way, with the dancers coming at one side of the room and then moving to the center hall and then facing the audience. While they are moving towards the center of the hall, the music A is played for the first time. Dancing this local dance of the north requires some steps that should not be take out of the program otherwise the program will lose its identity.

STEPS

Dancers start with the right foot and she should take eight waltz steps forward to the center of the hall. The glasses should be held in front and the elbows should be close to the waist. The right hand should be moved next to the chest and down the hips alternately as the left hand moves down at the hip level ad goes up to the chest level in an alternating manner. The alternating movements of the two hands will go on for the next eight measures.

SEQUENCE

Music A will then play for the second time and this will be the times when the dancer will dance sideward right and left alternately and doing this for eight times. The right hand will be raised to the head level and the left hand will be held to the waist as the dancer continues to waltz sideward to the right. The dancer will chance position with every measure. Again the movements of the left and the right hand will alternate upward and downward as with previous step. Music B of the program will then play and this will be the time when the dancer will start on her right foot and she will take four waltz steps obliquely to the right. She then raises the right hand obliquely to head level with the left

hand down to the hip for four measures. Hands once again move upward and downward on alternating motions. These movements are just the first half of the dance and a few more steps are required in order to complete the program. The Binasuan dance of the north will simply utilize the abovementioned steps and repeat these steps on the second half of the dance. At times, some new steps are introduced like the placing of weights at either the right or the left foot of the dancer, all with the intention of dancing gracefully without dropping the glass.

MAGLALATIK

LITERATURE

The Maglalatik is an indigenous dance from the Philippines in which coconut shell halves that are secured onto the dancers' hands and on vests upon which are hung four or six more coconut shell halves. The dancers - all male - perform the dance by hitting one coconut shell with the other sometimes the ones on the hands, sometimes, the ones on the body, and sometimes the shells worn by another performer, all in time to a fast drumbeat. Like many native Filipino dances, it is intended to impress the viewer with the great skill of the dancer, and in some Filipino Martial Arts (FMA) circles, it has been noted that the manlalatik consists of a trapping and boxing method hidden in a dance. The name of the dance comes from the Filipino word "Latik", which means "fried coconut milk curd", a coconut product that is used in Filipino cooking, particularly in snacks.

This dance is also called as 'Magbabao' which can mean 'the one using the 'bao' and the 'bao' is the coconut shell. Throughout the dance, the viewers of the dance can expect that most of the dance moves that will be performed by the dancers will focus on the use of these 'baos' or the coconut shells and some of the noises or the music that will be used by the dance will be generated by these coconut shells. This dance actually tells a story- and it depicts the fight between the Moros and the Christians over the 'latik'. The 'latik' is the residue that is left after the coconut milk has been cooked and boiled. This dance is composed of a four-part performance and the first two performance of the dance is called as the 'Palipasan' and the 'Baligtaran'.

HISTORY

According to historians, this Philippine dance originated in Laguna and usually performed during the town fiesta of Bian. The dance is usually performed in a religious procession as the procession moves down the street. This dance called 'Maglalatik' is performed as an offering to their patron saintSan Isidro de Labrador.

STEPS First step will require dancers to make 6 to 8 counts of jogging to settle to their place Then four steps forward while pounding the chests. Four basic clap cycles while the dancers are in place Another four basic clap cycles in order for the dancers to get to two rows Another 8 quick clap cycles to the ripple effect Another 8 quick clap cycles that will allow the dancer to circle around the partner, and next up is the Circle Up. The dancers will make 8 counts+1 -4 count for the first clap Dancers will clap after the one 8 count and this should be done 8 times, then the finishing clap Dancers will make 8 high-low clap cycles in order to move into position. Another 8 cycles of 6 hit clapping The dancer will then make 16 counts for the tricks with another round of clapping in the background Dancer will make 4 basic to get to the two sides

Dancer will make 8 quick clap cycles for the battle Dancer will make 4 quick clap cycles in order to get to the end And right after the last clap, the dancers then make their pose.

SEQUENCE

In these first two performances, the dance will show the opposing squads in an intense battle. The last two parts of the dance are the 'Paseo' and the 'Sayaw Escaramusa'. These two dances basically show the reconciliation between the two groups and the dance steps of the dancers will show and suggest that the opposing groups are now in good terms. The two groups in this dance is the group of the Moros and the other group is the group of the Christians. All dancers that participate in this classic dance are male and they all harness and use the coconut shells. These shells are attached on many points of the body of the dancers- in the chests, the backs, the thighs and the hips. The dancers will also hold their triangular formed coconut shells in their hands and they used these shells to tap the coconut shells that are fitted on their bodies and they use these to generate the music that will accompany them when they are dancing. The Moros in this dance will wear the red trousers and the Christian group will wear the blue trousers. This dance will involve some simple movements and simple repetitions.

ITIK ITIK

LITERATURE

According to one story about the origins of the dance, there was this young woman named Kanang and she was considered as the best dancer and performer in the province of Surigao del Norte. And at one baptismal reception, the performer was asked to dance the Sibay- another important local dance and at the middle of her performance she began improvising on her steps. The steps imitated that of the movements of the 'itik'. The 'itik' is a duck and her movements during the said performance are like those that are being performed by the animal- choppy steps and there were splashes of water on its back while attracting its mate. And since the steps were new and unusual, the audience were fascinated and soon they began copying and aping the moves.

HISTORY

Based on records, the dance has its roots not only in Surigao del Norte but in the Visayas region as a whole as well. in the other version of the story about the roots of the dance, it was said that this dance has originated from the dance 'Sibay' which was then danced to the tune of the 'Dejad