baroque art & rococo

52

Click here to load reader

Upload: ajarn-dale

Post on 11-May-2015

12.115 views

Category:

Entertainment & Humor


7 download

TRANSCRIPT

Page 1: Baroque Art & Rococo

Baroque Art & Rococo17th and early 18th Centuries in Europe

Page 2: Baroque Art & Rococo

The term Baroque once had a negative meaning.

The name is derived from Baroque pearls – pearls with unusual, odd shapes

Compared to Renaissance art, it was considered to be “over-dramatic” and the

architecture, “overly decorated”.

Page 3: Baroque Art & Rococo

Baroque Pearl

Page 4: Baroque Art & Rococo

Baroque style is Dramatic

Strong Contrast of Light and Dark

Dynamic Composition

Architecture is decorative / many details

Page 5: Baroque Art & Rococo

Roman Catholic Church supported Baroque art style in response to the Protestant Reformation (movement to

reform Catholic Church) – communication of religious themes with viewer's direct and emotional involvement

Aristocracy adopted Baroque style to impress visitors and to express triumphant power and control

Page 6: Baroque Art & Rococo

Baroque Style spread throughout Europe, including Italy, Holland, France, and Spain.

Page 7: Baroque Art & Rococo

Italian Baroque

Page 8: Baroque Art & Rococo

Annibale Carracci, Loves of the Gods, 1597 – 1601, Ceiling Fresco

Page 9: Baroque Art & Rococo

Annibale Carracci, Loves of the Gods

Commissioned by Cardinal Farnese to celebrate the wedding of his brother

Various Gods and Humans in love

“quadro riportato” – looks like framed easel paintings

Inspired by Italian Renaissance art (Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian)

Page 10: Baroque Art & Rococo
Page 11: Baroque Art & Rococo

Comparison

Baroque fresco Renaissance fresco

Page 12: Baroque Art & Rococo

Caravaggio, Conversion of St. Paul, 1601, Oil on Canvas

Page 13: Baroque Art & Rococo

Story of Pharisee Saul converting to Christianity

Appears to be an accident in the horse stable (everyday life)

Caravaggio used strong light and dark / shadowy style (greatly influenced European art)

Perspective and Chiaroscuro (light and shadow) used to bring the viewer closer to the event

Page 14: Baroque Art & Rococo

Caravaggio, Calling of St. Matthew, 1597 – 1601, Oil on Canvas

Page 15: Baroque Art & Rococo

Christ enters from the right to summon Levi (a Roman tax collector) to a “higher calling”

Bland street scene (“normal, everyday life”)

Caravaggio’s style of strong light and shadow

Light as a symbol of God

Page 16: Baroque Art & Rococo

Comparison

Page 17: Baroque Art & Rococo

Gianlorenzo Bernini, Baldacchino, 1624 – 1633, Gilded Bronze

Page 18: Baroque Art & Rococo

Bronze “canopy” over the tomb of St. Peter

Focal point of church

Made from Bronze of doors of the ancient Roman Pantheon (Pantheon was a temple for Pagan religion)

Commissioned by the Barberini Family

30 Meters Tall

St. Peter’s, Vatican (Rome)

Page 19: Baroque Art & Rococo

St. Peter's, Rome exterior – late Renaissance (Completed 1690) designed in part by Michelangelo

Largest interior of any Catholic Church in world – holds up to 60, 000 people

Page 20: Baroque Art & Rococo

Ancient Roman Pantheon, 125 – 28 CE

Page 21: Baroque Art & Rococo

Spanish Baroque

Page 22: Baroque Art & Rococo

Diego Valazquez, Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor), 1656, Oil on Canvas

Page 23: Baroque Art & Rococo

• Informal family portrait

• Theme “Mystery of the Visual World”

• Young Princess in middle “Infantata”

• Maids in waiting helping her

• Her favorite dwarfs and her dog

• Valasquez is working on large canvas (portrait of King Philip IV and Queen Mariana (reflections in mirror)

• Man framed in doorway

Page 24: Baroque Art & Rococo

Diego Valazquez, Surrender of Breda, 1634 – 1635, Oil on Canvas

Page 25: Baroque Art & Rococo

Made for King Philip IV

Spanish Victory over Dutch in 1625

Spanish troops on right (organized - victory)

Dutch troops on left (disorganized – defeat)

Spanish General patting the back of Dutch General

Page 26: Baroque Art & Rococo

Francisco de Zurbaran, Saint Serpion, 1628, Oil on Canvas

Page 27: Baroque Art & Rococo

St. Serpion (Martyr) – tied to a tree and tortured (devotion to religion)

St. Serpion - monk born in England - “commoner” (normal person)

De Zurbaran inspired by Caravaggio’s light and shadow

Figure fills the foreground (close to viewer)

Page 28: Baroque Art & Rococo

Dutch Baroque

Page 29: Baroque Art & Rococo

Rembrandt van Rijn Self-Portrait in a Cap, Etching, 1630

Page 30: Baroque Art & Rococo

• Created when he was a student

• Exercise in lighting, expression

• Rembrandt created at least 70

self-portraits during his lifetime

(oil paintings and etchings)Rembrandt van Rijn Self-Portrait in a Cap, Etching, 1630

Page 31: Baroque Art & Rococo

Rembrandt Self-Portraits

Page 32: Baroque Art & Rococo

Comparison

Page 33: Baroque Art & Rococo

Rembrandt van Rijn, Return of the Prodigal Son, 1665, Oil on Canvas

Page 34: Baroque Art & Rococo

Stillness / inward contemplation (less dramatic than Italian Baroque paintings)

Humility and humanity of Christ

Father and Son relationship (father forgiving Christ)

Light mixed with shadow

Light focused on father and son

Page 35: Baroque Art & Rococo

Jan VermeerThe Art of PaintingOil on Canvas1662 – 1668

Page 36: Baroque Art & Rococo

Jan VermeerThe Art of PaintingOil on Canvas1662 – 1668

• Vermeer painted less than 40 paintings in his lifetime (eight of them considered masterpieces)

• Vermeer known for his domestic interior scenes

• Vermeer worked slowly - highly detailed

• Realistic perspective

• Dramatic use of lighting from behind curtain

Page 37: Baroque Art & Rococo

Anthony van Dyck, Charles I

Dismounted,1635, Oil on Canvas

Page 38: Baroque Art & Rococo

Van Dyck – portrait artist (full body portraits)

Elegant portrait of King of England

King as a nobleman riding a horse in park

King higher up – looking down

Landscape in background

Page 39: Baroque Art & Rococo

French Baroque

Page 40: Baroque Art & Rococo

Hyancinthe Rigaud, Louis XIV, 1701, Oil

on Canvas

Page 41: Baroque Art & Rococo

King Louis XIV

Grandiose

Absolute Monarchy

Wore high heels to make him taller (5’4”)

Page 42: Baroque Art & Rococo

Jules Hardouin-Mansart and Charles Le Brun, Hall of Mirrors (Palace of Versailles), 1680, interior architecture

Page 43: Baroque Art & Rococo

Hall of Mirrors in King Louis XIV’s Palace of Versailles

Mirror – Baroque source of illusion

100’s of rooms in palace

Rich decoration / details

Page 44: Baroque Art & Rococo

Palace of Versailles, Paris

Page 45: Baroque Art & Rococo

Rococo Art

Page 46: Baroque Art & Rococo

Rococo

• 18th Century Style began in France

• In Reaction to Baroque Style

• Associated with King Louis XV

• Characterized by soft pastel colors

• Architecture is light and airy

• Asymmetrical Design

• Playful and Witty Style

Page 47: Baroque Art & Rococo

Interior of Hôtel de Soubise Paris

Page 48: Baroque Art & Rococo
Page 49: Baroque Art & Rococo

Hôtel de Soubise interior designed by Germain Boffrand, Paris, 1735 - 1740

• Palace built in 1375 for Prince and Princess de Soubise - now a museum

• Interiors renovated in Rococo style in 1735 – 1740

• Light and airy oval-shaped rooms

• Light and airy feeling,

asymmetrical, decorative curves, creamy pastel colors with gold

Page 50: Baroque Art & Rococo

Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The Swing,

oil on canvas, 1767

Page 51: Baroque Art & Rococo
Page 52: Baroque Art & Rococo

Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The Swing, oil on canvas, 1767

• Typical Rococo Style

• Departure from Serious Baroque Subject Matter

• Pastel Colors

• Visual Movement / Diagonal Composition

• Garden Scene with Cupid Statues

• Witty Subject / Erotic