Autism Tips for Teachers

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    June 14, 2010ED443

    By:

    Patricia MendiolaJessica AtoigueKeiko GarciaGeri EclaveaLeticia Cruz

    Autism for Teachers

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    Strategies to help students with challengesStrategies to help students with challenges

    1. Provide a predictable & safeenvironment

    2. Prepare student for changes inschedule

    3. Break assignments down into smallunits

    4. Give redirection as needed5. Identify specific times of day for

    questions

    6. Have firm expectations

    7. Expose students to new activitybeforehand

    8. Avoid surprises/teach flexibility9. Minimize transitions

    10. Limit # of questions that can beasked each day

    11. Allow student to do research onpreferred topic

    12. Use earphones to muffle sound

    13. Offer consistent daily routine

    14. Provide environmental supports such as

    room dividers15. Use curriculum that addresses

    individual student needs

    16. Visually show beginning & end of anassignment

    17. Teach calendar skills18. Provide opportunity to share info about

    preferred topic

    19. Limit adult conversations in classroom

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    Tips for Instructiony Organized physical structure

    y Attend to possible sensory stimulants

    y As routine as possible

    y Inform about changes ahead of time

    y Visual, Visual, Visual

    y Checklist/written schedule

    y Watch out for large groups & noises

    y

    Get attention firsty Short, concise instruction

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    Tips for Instructiony Provide a predictable and safe environment

    y Offer consistent daily routine

    y Prepare for changes; teach flexibility

    y Provide picture or written schedules

    y Teach calendar skills and choice boards

    y Allow extra processing time

    y Intersperse preferred & non-preferred activitiesy

    Provide frequent teacher feedback

    GoodJob!

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    Tips for Instruction

    y Break assignments down into small units

    y Use timed work sessions

    y

    Visually show beginning and endy Work systems

    y File folder activities

    y Highlighter tape

    y Magnetic letters, words, & numbers

    y Use curriculum that addresses individual student needs

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    Resources

    yFouse, Beth, Ph.D & Wheeler, Maria, M.Ed.,A Treasure Chest of BehavioralStrategies for Individuals with Autism, Future Horizons, Inc, Arlington, TX,1997.

    y Hodgdon, Linda A. M.Ed., CCC-SLP, Visual Strategies for ImprovingCommunication,Volume 1: Practical Supports for School and Home, QuirkRoberts Publishing, Troy, MI, 1999.

    yJanzen, Janice E., M.S., Understanding the Nature of Autism: A PracticalGuide. Therapy Skill Builders, The Psychological Corporation, SanAntonio, TX, 1996.

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    Resources (cont)

    yJanzen, Janice E., M.S., Understanding the Nature of Autism: A PracticalGuide. Therapy Skill Builders, The Psychological Corporation, SanAntonio, TX, 1996.

    y Mayer-Johnson Co., Boardmaker (software), Solana, CA, 1999.y Quill, Kathleen Ann, Ed.D., Teaching Children with Autism: Strategies

    to Enhance Communication and Socialization, Delmar Publishers, NewYork, NY, 1995

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