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- 1. By: Jackie WhiteDanvers High School
2. Key Question: What is an empire? Learning Objectives: Students will understand the meaning of the word empire by creating their own definitions. 3. What does super mean? What does power mean? What is a super power? 4. Military supremacy, economic power, global influence,technological and scientific prowess, and world widealliances. How does a country become a superpower? 5. Read 2 different articles on empire Colossus The Price of Americas Empire by Niall Ferguson (2004) & Paul Schroeder article Is the U.S. an Empire.(hard copies) 6. Create your own definition of empire using the 4 square model: definition, examples, used in a sentence, & visualization. 7. Definition:Examples:Empire- a transactional political formation by which a state exerts power over Roman, Ottoman, British, French, American, etc.another subordinated society, territory, and peoples.Political control exercised by one organized political unit over another unitseparate from and alien to it. But need not mean direct rule exercised byformal occupation by one unit within a community of units not under asingle authority. Imperial power rules over subordinates. Imperialism bydefinition, empire is the negation of political freedom, liberation, and self-determination.Used in a sentence:Visual:The United States began creating an empire when it annexed Hawaii at theturn of the 20th century. 8. Working Definition: a transnational political formation by which a state exerts power overanother subordinated society, territory and peoples. 9. FORMAL: INFORMAL:Directly ruling foreignExercising power withoutterritorydirect rule over nominallyImperial state declaresindependent statessovereignty over territory (e.g. financial aid, military(aka colonial) invasion or temporary military occupation, gunboat diplomacy, covert operations, etc.) 10. Do you think that the United States engaged in imperialist actions? If so, can you think of any examples? Click on Time Rime timeline and have identify 3 instances when the U.S. appeared to engage in imperialistic actions. Was the United States an empire in the 20th century? 11. Key Questions: What are the arguments in favor of and against American expansion? Learning Objectives: Students will understand the major arguments in favor of and against imperialism and be able to explain their personal opinion. Activity: Click the Imperialist Reasoning Guide link on the next page and check the response that corresponds with your beliefs. 12. Move around the room to indicate your level ofagreement with each of the statements. As a group discuss the reasons for your beliefs. Select a group spokesperson to share the groupsreasoning with the rest of the class. Each group shares their beliefs and discusses themerits and drawbacks of each position. 13. Key Questions: What factors motivate American expansion? Learning Objectives: Students will understand the various factors that motivateAmerican expansion and be able to identify them in a Pears SoapAdvertisement. Main Idea: Beginning in 1867 and continuing through the century, globalcompetition, economic, military, & political factors caused theUnited States to expand. Why It Matters Now: During this time period, the United States acquired Hawaii andAlaska, both of which became states in 1959. 14. What do you notice about thispicture?Everyone can see the pictureso everyone can noticesomething.Once a student noticessomething the class will stickwith it until there is nothingelse to notice. 15. When should the U.S. intervene in the affairs of another country? 16. George Washington wasappointed president for 2terms in 1789. At the end of his presidency,George Washington passed 2very important documentswhich shaped the beginning ofU.S. foreign policy. 17. The issue being consideredwas US involvement in theFrench Revolution. States that the US will beneutral to any foreignconflict and not havepermanent alliances. The Proclamation ofNeutrality in 1793 providedthe basis for United Statesforeign policy until WorldWar 1 and World War 2. 18. Washington warned thenation to steer clear of anypermanent alliance withEurope because he believedEuropean and Americaninterest were different. Stressed trade and warnedagainst "entanglingalliances." This policy of isolationismlasted until the BoxerRebellion. 19. During the EarlyRepublic Americapracticed a policy ofisolationism. A policy to remainneutral in worldconflicts and not formpermanent allianceswith other countries. 20. 19th century doctrine in which the U.S. believed it had the God given rightto expand into the whole North American continent 21. The closing of thefrontier in 1890marked the end towestward expansion inthe U.S. Manifest destinyencouraged the US toexpand to spreadAmerican culture,Christian religion, anddemocratic governmentabroad 22. Policy in which stronger nations seek to extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker nations. 23. 1. Political: GlobalCompetition 2. Military: Desire formilitary strength 3. Economic: Thirst fornew markets 4. Cultural: Belief incultural superiority ofAnglo Saxon race 24. European nationscompeted for territory inAfrica & Asia, especiallyChina,. Japan beganmodernizing Japan joined otherEuropean nations incompeting for China. 25. Alfred T Mahan urgedthe U.S. to build up itsnavy power to competewith other powerfulnations Transformed the U.S.into the 3rd largestnaval power in theworld.Great White Fleet 26. 19th century advances intechnology enabledfarmers and factories toproduce far more goodsthan Americans couldconsume. The U.S. needed rawmaterials for the factoriesand new markets for U.S.goods. 27. U.S. had aresponsibility tospread Christianity,and civilization touplift inferior people Used to justifyimperialism 28. Ticket to leave index card: What were some American motives for expansion illustrated in the Pears Soap advertisement? 29. Beginning in 1867 and continuing through the century,global competition caused the United States toexpand. During this time period, the United States acquiredHawaii and Alaska, both of which became states in1959. 30. To understand the medias potential to sway publicopinion and even to dictate events To understand the main reasons why the United Statesdeclared war on Spain 31. William Seward asupporter of Americanexpansion arranged tobuy Alaska from Russiafor $7.2 million, or .02cents per acre. They called it SewardsIce box It was rich in timber,minerals, & oil 32. No one lived on theisland the event did notattract much attention http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&client=safari&rls=en&biw=942&bih=625&q=midway%20islands&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl 33. In the 1820s American missionaries founded Christian schoolsand churches on the island. A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an areato carry on ministries of the Word of God The missionaries children and grandchildren grew up to besugar planters on the island. 34. QuickTime and adecompressorare neede d to see this picture. 35. In 1875, U.S. agreed to import Hawaiian sugar duty (tax) free. McKinley Tariff of 1890 eliminated the duty (tax) free status of Hawaiian sugar causing American planters to face competition in U.S. market American planters wanted to US to annex Hawaii so they would not have to pay the duty 36. Since the 1790s U.S. merchantships stopped in Hawaii ontheir way to China and EastIndia 1887 U.S. military leaderspressured Hawaii to build anaval base at Pearl Harborwhich became a refuelingstation for American ships 37. Hawaii had a monarchyform of government ledby King Kalakaua American businessleaders forced the king toamend Hawaiisconstitution to givevoting rights only towealthy landowners He died in 1891 and hissister came to power. 38. Queen Liliuokalanisucceeded her brother. Promoted a Hawaii forHawaiians agenda Proposed movingproperty owningqualifications for votingwhich would allow formore Hawaiians to vote 39. QuickTime an d a decompressorare need ed to see this picture. Quic kTime and a decom pres sorare needed to s ee this picture. Wealthy American plantation owners did not want the property owning qualifications removed so they organized a revolution and with the help of the U.S. Marines they overthrew the queen and set up a government led by American Sanford Dole 40. President GroverCleveland directed thatthe queen be restored toher throne He refused to considerQuickTime and adecompressorannexation of theare neede d to se e this picture.Republic of Hawaiiunless the majority ofthe Hawaiians voted infavor of it 41. William McKinley succeededCleveland as president He favored annexation On august 12, 1898 Congressproclaimed Hawaii a U.S. territoryalthough the Hawaiians never hada chance to voteQuickTime and a In 1959 Hawaii became the 50thdecompressorare neede d to se e this picture.state in the U.S. 42. U.S. sugar planters call for the U.S. to annex (takeover) Hawaii so they dont have to pay the duty/tax. U.S. sugar planters on the island sold most of theircrop to U.S. U.S. imported Hawaiian sugar duty (tax) free. McKinley Tariff (1890) removed the duty free statusof Hawaiian sugar 43. U.S. Marines overthrewQueen Liluokalani President WilliamMcKinley favoredannexing HawaiiQuickTime a nd aTIFF (Uncompressed) deco mpressor 1898 Congress are need ed to see this picture.proclaimed Hawaii anAmerican territory 1959 Hawaii became the50th state 44. http://ahiv.alexanderstreet.com/View/777561 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/hawaii/program.html 45. Read the excerpt fromMichners sweeping sagaabout the poiwerstruggle between thenative Hawaiians andthe American sugarplanters. Was the US justified intaking over Hawaii, whyor why not?