all about poetry…. how poets work: poets look closer poets play with sound poets make comparisons
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How Poets Work:
Poets LOOK closer
Poets play with SOUND
Poets make COMPARISONS
It is difficult to give poetry a definition. A poem is an emotional experience.
It is a thought or feeling, transmitted by the imagination into images and
expressed in a beautiful and usually patterned language.
WATCH POETRY IN ACTION
Rhyme is the likeness of sound at the end of words.
We piled, with care our nightly stack Of wood against the chimney-backThe oaken log, green, huge, and thick,And on its top the stout back-stick.
- “The Hearth Fire” by John Greenleaf Whittier
We piled, with care our nightly stack (A)
Of wood against the chimney-back (A) The oaken log, green, huge, and thick, (B)
And on its top the stout back-stick. (B)
- “The Hearth Fire” by John Greenleaf Whittier
When reading a poem, use a different letter to keep track of each rhyme sound. That is the poem’s rhyme scheme.
Rhythm/ Meter Rhythm is a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Also called meter. A rhythm can
make a poem sound serious or silly.
Sisters Heart to Heart – by Joanna Duchs From the time that we were little,
I knew you’d always beNot just a loving sisterBut a caring friend to me.
A shoulder I could cry on,A helping hand in times of need,A cheerleader to lift me up,My angel in both word and deed.
We told each other secrets;We giggled and we cried.We shared our joys and sorrows--We were always side by side.
We have a very special bond;I knew it from the start.You’ll have my love forever--We’re sisters, heart to heart.
Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants. “Tune” and “June” are rhymes; “tune” and “food” are assonant.
Example: mad hatter
And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the sideOf my darling, my darling, my life and my bride.
--Edgar Allan Poe, "Annabel Lee"
RepetitionRepetition is the recurring use of a sound, a word, a phrase or
a line. It is used to appeal to our emotions and to emphasize important ideas.
Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening – Robert Frost Whose woods these are I think I know.
His house is in the village though;He will not see me stopping here
To watch his woods fill up with snow.My little horse must think it queerTo stop without a farmhouse near
Between the woods and frozen lakeThe darkest evening of the year.
He gives his harness bells a shakeTo ask if there is some mistake.
The only other sound's the sweepOf easy wind and downy flake.
The woods are lovely, dark and deep.But I have promises to keep,
And miles to go before I sleep,And miles to go before I sleep.
Mood is the overall emotion created by a work of literature. Look at these two different moods:
1) Winter Garden
Stark naked flower stalksStand shivering in the wind.The cheerless sun hides its black lightBehind bleak, angry clouds,While trees vainly tryTo catch their escaping leaves.Carpets of grass turn brown,Blending morosely with the dreary day.Winter seems the death of life forever.
2) Spring Garden
Stunningly dressed flower stalksStand shimmering in the breeze.The cheerful sun hides playfullyBehind white, fluffy, cotton-ball clouds,While trees whisper secretsTo their rustling leaves.Carpets of grass greenly glowBlending joyfully with the day.Spring brings life to death.
Lines, Stanzas and Verse
A Line of Poetry a single line of words in a poem
A Stanza in Poetry a group of lines of poetry (2 or more) arranged
according to a fixed plan
Verse in Poetry a poem, or piece of poetry; part of a song following
the introduction and preceding the chorus
Couplet: a two line stanza Triplet: a three line stanza (sometimes Tercet)
Quatrain: a four line stanza
Cinquain: a five line stanza
Quatrains are four line poems. The lines usually rhyme in two patterns. Lines one and two and three and four (AABB) or lines one and three and two and four (ABAB).
Anteater“A genuine anteater,”The pet man told my dad.Turned out, it was an aunt eater,And now my uncle’s mad!
Gumeye BallThere’s an eyeball in the gumball machine, Right there between the red and the green, Lookin’ at me as if to say, “You don’t need anymore gum today.”
- Shel Silverstein
What would their rhyme scheme be?
Mix an onion milkshake,
Take a hearty drink,
You’ll wind up with a headache
Quicker than you think!
Question: What is the rhyme scheme?
The limerick takes its name from Limerick, Ireland. It is humorous and full of nonsense. It is a five line poem that consists of a triplet & a couplet. They often contain hyperbole, onomatopoeia, idioms and other figurative devices.
The 1st, 2nd & 5th lines rhyme, with 3 beats per line The 3rd & 4th lines rhyme, with two beats per line. The last line is usually the punch line (the heart of the joke)
There once was a student at school (A)Who would not conform to the rule (A)He used all his time (B)To write funny rhyme (B)And limericks he used as his tool. (A)
A unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound
How many syllables?
This is a form of Japanese poetry. A haiku has only three lines (triplet), with five, seven and five syllables. A haiku usually describes a season of the year or some aspect of nature.
Cold as a snowball
Chilled colder than the white snow
A lonely goodbye.
Some snowflakes descend
To blanket a barren branch
Others kiss the earth.
Free verse is just what it says it is - poetry that is written without proper rules about form, rhyme, rhythm, meter, etc. In free verse the writer makes his/her own rules. The writer decides how the poem should look, feel, and sound.
Notice: i is not capitalized and there aren’t “normal” sentences….It’s free verse.
once a snowflake fellon my brow and i lovedit so much and i kissedit and it was happy and called its cousinsand brothers and a webof snow engulfed me theni reached to love them alland i squeezed them and they becamea spring rain and i stood perfectlystill and was a flower - By Nikki Giovanni
More Free Verse…
I dreamed the clouds were dragons.
Billows of fluff, not fire
Came toward me.
I needed not my sword.
A long, serious poem that tells the story of a heroic or legendary figure. Two of the most famous epic poems are the Iliad and the Odyssey by Homer, which tell about the Trojan War and the adventures of Odysseus on his voyage home after the war
Onomatopoeia in Poems…
SOUND OF NATURE by Marie Josephine Smith
Ticking, tocking.Head is rocking.Tippy toeing. Quietly.Snap, crack.Crushing branch.Helter, skelter.Run for shelter.Pitter, patter.Rain starts to fall.Gathering momentum.Becomes a roar.Thunder booms.
An acrostic poem is one in which certain letters, often the first letter of every line, form a name or a theme.
Apples are yummy.Pretty and juicy.Please pick only when ripe.Licking jelly apples are fun.Eat them day and night.
This is a shape poem. Ideally, it should describe the shape it is, and rhyme, but as you can see, this one doesn't. But this will give you the idea:
Here is a little poem ... well, maybe it's not so little, but it certainly is a poem ... although, come to think of it,
this doesn't really rhyme, so maybe it's nota poem either; but anyway, here it is,and as you can see, it is of course
funnel shaped, and before toolong, quickly comes to the point, and right at
about this placedown here
More Shape Poems
"Idea: Old Mazda Lamp, 50-100-150 W" By John Hollander
shaping, measuring, balancingboxes, rooms, clocks, halos
encircling, circumnavigating, enclosinground, continuous
Line 5: three words(action verbs) that relate to line 7 Line 6: two words(adjectives) that describe line 7 Line 7: one word( subject/noun that is contrasting to line 1)
Line 1: one word(subject/noun that is contrasting to line 7) Line 2: two words(adjectives) that describe line 1 Line 3: three words(action verbs) that relate to line 1 Line 4: four words (nouns)first 2 words relate to line 1last 2 words relate to line 7