ADV Media in China Censorship

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<ul><li><p>8/9/2019 ADV Media in China Censorship</p><p> 1/16</p><p>Media in ChinaTeacher Day Time Branch TA Class</p><p>Caz</p><p>Note: This lesson plan is not acceptable for most university classes in China. Use this lesson plan</p><p>with extreme caution as it could lead to getting you fired and/or deported.</p><p>Resources:(all the material is attached at the end of this lesson plan)</p><p> Media Censorship in China information &amp; Exercise Questions (4 pages)</p><p> Media Bias information (4 pages)</p><p> Articles for Media Bias exercise (10 pages)</p><p>Aim: Students will be able to brainstorm concepts of mediaStage:Presentation/</p><p>Practice</p><p>Time: 10</p><p>Method:</p><p> Free Talk with Ss to come up with ideas of what Media means</p><p> T assists Ss with the different streams of media:o Internet: broadcasting companies, blogs/ personal websites, podcasts,</p><p>advertising banners, email.o Television: news, TV documentaries (national geographic)o Cinema, Documentaries (The Inconvenient Truth)o Advertising: various media, content, buying and placement for</p><p>advertisingo Non Fiction books, educational textbookso Newspapers, Magazineso Research Journals: medical, psychology, media, etc.o Radio: news casts, talk back, current affairs,o</p><p> Speeches, DebatesComments</p><p>Aim: Students will be able to understand what media censorship isStage:PresentationTime: 5.</p><p>Method:</p><p> Discuss the definition of media censorshipo Definition: To examine media sources and prevent publication of</p><p>information thought to be</p><p>Comments</p><p>Aim: Students will be able to practice reading/ comprehensionStage:PracticeTime: 15.</p><p>Method:</p><p> Class is split into groups and use the Media Censorship in China article</p><p> Together as a group they are to read the article.Comments</p><p>Aim: Students will be able to answer questions about censorshipStage:ProductionTime: 20.</p><p>Method:</p><p> After Ss have read the article Ss are to complete the Questions on Censorship</p><p>sheet. Depending on the number of Groups/ Ss, select a spokesperson to answer a</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 ADV Media in China Censorship</p><p> 2/16</p><p>question each.</p><p> Time is based on allowing 10 minutes to answer questions, and 10 to speak/discuss answers with class.</p><p>Comments</p><p>Aim: Students will be able to comprehend the terms bias and media biasStage:Presentation</p><p>Time: 5.</p><p>Method:</p><p> Free Talk what these terms are; provide definitions, discuss. Definition: Bias</p><p>o a particular tendency or inclination, esp. one that prevents unprejudicedconsideration of a question; prejudice</p><p> Definition: Media Biaso Media bias is a term used to describe a real or perceived bias of</p><p>journalists and news producers within the mass media, in the selection ofwhich events will be reported and how they are covered.</p><p>o Who benefits from the bias in each media that is presented?</p><p>Comments65.</p><p>Aim: Students will be able to read/ review Media Bias articleStage:PracticeTime: 10</p><p>Method:</p><p> Ss read/ review Media Bias article in small groups.</p><p> T stops Ss intermittently to CCQ each subtopic. Ss are to illustratecomprehension by asking questions about topics, T is to elicit answers from Ssbefore offering suggests/ responses.</p><p>Comments</p><p>75.</p><p>Aim: Students will be able to evaluate news articlesStage:ProductionTime: 15.</p><p>Method:</p><p> T provides groups with one of the articles.</p><p> Ss work in groups to read/ evaluate their article and provide answers.</p><p> Ss elect a spokesperson who presents on behalf of group.</p><p> Class discusses/ asks questions of group.</p><p>Comments</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 ADV Media in China Censorship</p><p> 3/16</p><p>Media Censorship in China</p><p>The 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing have drawn international attention to censorship in China.Watchdog groups say the preexisting monitoring system piles on new restrictions, and the governmentcontinues to detain and harass journalists. But the countrys burgeoning economy allows greaterdiversity in Chinas media coverage, and experts say the growing Chinese demand for information istesting a regime that is trying to use media controls in its bid to maintain power.</p><p>What is the official media policy in China?</p><p>As China becomes a major player in the global economy, authorities in Beijing are trying to balancethe need for more information with their goal of controlling content as a means to maintain power.CFR Senior Fellow Elizabeth C. Economy says the Chinese government is in a state ofschizophrenia about media policy as it goes back and forth, testing the line, knowing they needpress freedomand the information it provides but worried about opening the door to the type offreedoms that could lead to the regimes downfall.</p><p>Although President Hu Jintao was expected to be more liberal than his predecessors, his administration</p><p>has pursued a media policy that involves increased regulations as well as the arrest and prosecution of journalists. But in spite of a crackdown under Hu, Chinas media is undergoing a process ofcommercialization, leading to growing competition, diversified content, and an increase ininvestigative reporting by Chinese news agencies.</p><p>According to a government report, there are more than two thousand newspapers, over eight thousandmagazines, and some 374 television stations in the country. China also has over 150 million Internetusers and, despite restrictions governing online content, both domestic and international stories thatcensors would prefer to control slip through government information firewalls. Only state agencies canown media in China, but there is creeping privatization as outlets subcontract administrative operationsto the private sector.</p><p>How free is Chinese media?</p><p>The watchdog group Reporters Without Borders ranked China 163 out of 168 countries in its 2007index of press freedom. Chinas constitution affords its citizens freedom of speech and press, but thedocument contains broad language that says Chinese citizens must defend the security, honor, andinterests of the motherland. Chinese law includes media regulations with vague language thatauthorities use to claim stories endanger the country by sharing state secrets.</p><p>Journalists face harassment and prison terms for violating these rules and revealing classified matter.The governments monitoring structure promotes an atmosphere of self-censorship; if publishedmaterials are deemed dangerous to state security after they appear in the media, the information can</p><p>then be considered classified and journalists can be prosecuted.</p><p>How does China exert media controls?</p><p>The Chinese government uses different means of intimidation to control the media and inducejournalists to censor themselves rather than risk punishment. Censorship tactics include:</p><p>Dismissals and demotions. One of the most common punishments, say watchdog groups, is to fire ordemote editors and journalists who publish articles objectionable to the CPD.</p><p>Libel. Government officials occasionally use accusations of libel as a way to intimidate media outletsand publishing houses. Cases range from a journalist charged with libel for writing pieces critical of</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 ADV Media in China Censorship</p><p> 4/16</p><p>Communist Party leaders on foreign websites to an author whose book about the extortion of farmersby local officials was banned after one of the officials sued him and his publishing house.</p><p>Fines. In August 2007, China passed the Emergency Response Law, which bans the spread ofunverified information regarding riots, disasters, and other emergencies. Originally, the law threatenedto fine media sources up to $12,500 for violations, but it was redrafted with more ambiguous languagebefore it was passed.</p><p>Closing news outlets. News organizations that cover issues the CPD considers classified face closure.In a 2005 report, the Peoples Daily said 338 publications were shut down the previous year forprinting internal information.</p><p>Imprisonment. China imprisoned twenty-nine journalists in 2007, making it the worlds biggest jailorof reporters for the ninth year running, according to CPJ. Almost two-thirds of the jailed reporters werearrested for materials published on the Internet. One incarcerated foreign correspondent, Ching Cheongof Singapores Straits Times, was arrested in 2005 while reporting about leaders within the ChineseCommunist Party. Cheong was sentenced to five years in prison, plus one years deprivation ofpolitical rights. His arrest had a chilling effect on press freedom in Hong Kong, where he was based.</p><p>How does China control the influence of foreign media?</p><p>China requires foreign correspondents to get permission before making reporting trips within thecountry and reporters often face harassment if they cover delicate issues.As part of its bid to host the 2008 Olympics, China promised to relax constraints and be open in everyaspect to the rest of the country and the whole world.</p><p>In January 2007, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao signed a decree that allows foreign journalists to reportwithout permits before and during the Beijing Games. The decree also allows foreign journalists tointerview any individual or organization as long as the interviewee consents. The new guidelines cameinto effect on January 1, 2007, and will last through October 27, 2008.</p><p>But critics accuse China of reneging on its Olympic promise. The Foreign Correspondents Club ofChina reports that 180 foreign correspondents were detained, harassed, or attacked in China in 2007despite the nominally relaxed regulations. In addition, China continues to filter foreign (and domestic)content on the Internetin many cases using technology provided by U.S. companies such as Yahoo!,Microsoft, and Google.</p><p>One of the largest foreign uproars came when Beijing introduced regulations in September 2006requiring foreign wire services to distribute news through Xinhua instead of selling economicinformation directly to clients. CFRs Economy says the restrictions had less to do with media controlthan with a bid by Xinhua to cut into wire services profits. The move was brazen, says Dietz,</p><p>because even as Beijing continues prosecuting journalists who cover controversial social issues, Chinaknows it cannot afford to tamper with the flow of economic data, and that is where it will receive themost external pressure. But despite the pressure that foreign groups place on China, experts say thatcriticism coming from outside China will have little effect on policy.</p><p>How do journalists get around media control measures?</p><p>Despite the systematic control of news in Chinathe U.S. State Department estimates China hasbetween thirty thousand and fifty thousand Internet monitorseditors and journalists find ways to getnews past the censors. Esarey says the primary space for freedom of speech in China is the blogosphere,where journalists use humor and political satire to criticize the Chinese government.</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 ADV Media in China Censorship</p><p> 5/16</p><p>In mainstream media, editors find ways to test the rules as readers in Chinas flourishing economydemand hard news, says Dietz, and journalists covering social issues their editors wont publish willpost stories online, where the news will be released into cyberspace even if the original post is removed.</p><p>Dietz predicts press freedom will expand to meet the needs and demands not just of the governmentbut of the society. Chinese media broke the news about official suppression of information about the2003 SARS outbreak in Beijing. Similarly, after toxic chemicals leaked into a river and contaminateddrinking water in the northeast city of Harbin in 2005, newspapers and websites criticized governmentresponse, demanded greater transparency, and posted photos of area residents stockpiling bottledwater.</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 ADV Media in China Censorship</p><p> 6/16</p><p>Questions on Censorship</p><p> Ask questions in your group make sure you discuss your answers fully.</p><p> Select a spokesperson for your group to provide the answer to the class.</p><p>1. Before reading this article, were you aware that China had a Censorship Policy? What are yourthoughts on this policy?</p><p>__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>2. Do you (or someone you know) have a personal website or blog? Have you ever had materialdeleted from the website?______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>3. Do you feel that you would like more freedom of information? What are some good &amp; badreasons for free speech?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>4. How do you think the world media views the Chinese censorships?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>5. How can China improve its international media relationships?</p><p>__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________</p></li><li><p>8/9/2019 ADV Media in China Censorship</p><p> 7/16</p><p>ARTICLE 1:</p><p>A Teacher on the Front Line as Faith and Science Clash</p><p>By AMY HARMONPublished: August 23, 2008Excerpt from Full Article:</p><p>STUDENTS Allie Farris, left, and Bryce Haas with their teacher David Campbell...</p></li></ul>


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