adding accessibility to multimedia instruction -text version

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Robert Monge Instruction Western Oregon University E-mail [email protected] Website: www.wou.edu/~monger Adding Accessibility to Multimedia Instruction

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A basic guide for adding accessibility to handouts, video presenations, and audio recordings using assitive technology readable text, alternative text and captioning.

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Page 1: Adding Accessibility to multimedia instruction -text version

Robert Monge InstructionWestern Oregon University

E-mail [email protected]

Website: www.wou.edu/~monger

Adding Accessibility to Multimedia Instruction

Page 2: Adding Accessibility to multimedia instruction -text version

This presentation will cover

Handouts Video Audio

Adding Accessibility to:

Page 3: Adding Accessibility to multimedia instruction -text version

Handouts – Best Practices

+

+

=

=

Accessible

Accessible

Adding assistive technology readable text handouts to video and audio presentations will make them accessible to more students

+Assistive Technology Readable Text = Accessible

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Handouts—Best Practices

= Easy way to post content online

Assistive Technology Readable Text

+

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Handouts—Best Practices

The following handout will cover the following: • The Structure of a Handout • Using Heading Tags • Selecting a Font and Using Text • Using Color • Using Alternate Text for Images• Saving as a PDF • Adapted from the Following Sources

Handouts should begin with a list of the sections or topics the handout will cover

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Handouts—Best PracticesUsing Heading Tags Your handout should be structured using a hierarchy. Title for page and handout titles Heading 1 for major sections Normal for content Heading 2 and Heading 3 for subsections

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Handouts—Best Practices

Word provides an easy way to set up a document by using the Styles feature in the top tool bar. When you use Word Styles, the heading structure will remain intact if you save as a web page or convert to a PDF document

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Handouts—Best Practices

This sentence is written in Calibri This sentence is written in Ariel This sentence is written in Tahoma This sentence is written in Veranda

It is important to use readable fonts. Different computers will have different font options, but here are a few common readable fonts: Arial, Tahoma, Veranda, Calibri

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Handouts—Best Practices

Real Text vs. Text within Graphics:

This is an example of real text

You should use real text instead of text within graphics.

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Handouts—Best PracticesIf use color, don’t rely on color to convey the meaning alone. Example: Color vs. Black and White While color helps identify the lines: Yellow line, Red Line, Blue Line, etc… the colors can’t convey meaning alone.

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Handouts—Best PracticesAdd Alternative Text to images

The descriptive text should:

Contain the same content and function as presented in the image

Be written as succinctly as appropriate

Not be redundant

Not include words and phrases such as “image of” or “graphic of”

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Handouts—Best PracticesAlternative Text options are available when formating images images

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Videos—Best PracticesCaptioning Terms

Closed Captioning is when the captioning is recorded on a different track from the audio and visual tracks. It can be toggled on and off as needed.

Open Captioning is when the captioning is recorded on the same track as the audio and visual tracks. It cannot be turned off.

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Videos—Best Practices

Goals of Captioning

Captioning should provide synchronized, equal, and accessible content. Captions should be accurate, consistent, clear, and readable.

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Videos—Best Practices

Start with a Script

It is easier to caption education videos if you start with a script. It will save you time in the captioning process and will make it easier to create a handout or post a transcript.

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Videos—Best Practices

A readable sans serif font should be used. Common sans serif fonts are: Arial, Tahoma, and Veranda

This is Veranda – A sans serif font

This is Times New Roman – A serif font

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Videos—Best PracticesCaption Placement

Most captions are placed at the bottom of the screen provided they don’t interfere with existing graphs, charts, or other elements.

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Videos—Best PracticesMusic

Music should be captioned in brackets with music icons. If there are lyrics, capture the lyrics word-for-word and introduce artist and song if possible.

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Videos—Best PracticesSound Effects

Sound effects should be captioned if it is needed to understand and/or enjoy the video. Put description of sound effects in brackets and include onomatopoeia if possible.

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Videos—Best PracticesTranscripts and Handouts – Provide a transcript for all videos. You may post uncaptioned and captioned videos to give students choices.

Example: Virtual Library Tour

Virtual Library Tour --PDF Handout

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Audio Presentations—Best Practices

Provide transcripts for all audio recordings including lectures and podcasts.

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Alternative Text Basics http://webaim.org/techniques/alttext/#basics

Fonts http://webaim.org/techniques/fonts/

Designing for Screen Reader Compatibility http://webaim.org/techniques/screenreader/#headings Best Practices in Making a Word 2007 Document Accessible http://www.csulb.edu/lats/itss/design/accessword07.html

Adapted from the Following Sources

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Trimet Rail System Map http://trimet.org/maps/railsystem.html

Artificial Intelligence: Can Smart Machines Replace Humans? CQ Researcher Volume 21 Issue 16 2011.

Power Point Accessibility http://webaim.org/techniques/powerpoint/ Captioning Key—Described and Captioned Media Program http://www.dcmp.org/captioningkey/index.html

Adapted from the Following Sources

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Web Captioning Overview http://webaim.org/techniques/captions/

Grammar Girl – Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writinghttp://grammar.quickanddirtytips.com/

Adapted from the Following Sources

Page 25: Adding Accessibility to multimedia instruction -text version

Robert Monge Instruction Western Oregon University

E-mail [email protected]

Website: www.wou.edu/~monger

Please feel free to contact me if you have questions.