4. Judaism And Christianity

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  • 1. Judaism and ChristianityCornerstones of Western Development and Thought

2. Comparing Hinduism and Buddhism

  • In small groups of 3-4 discuss the following questions and prepare answers to share with the class.
  • Is Buddhism a distinct religion, or is it just a form of the knowledge yoga.If it is a form of Hinduism, explain what characteristics it shares, if it is not, explain what differences make it a unique religion.
  • Cycles are a major part of both of these religions.How are their cycles similar? How are they different?
  • Identify AT LEAST 5 common themes that you see developing in these religions that you believe will be present in the other religions we investigate.

3. Judaism

  • Judaism is a very pervasive influence in Western thought and development.
  • So how is it that this people has left a profound mark on Western society if there were other more impressive possibilities such as the Egyptians or Phoenicians?

4. Judaisms Breakthrough

  • Special because of the depth of their pursuit for meaning
  • Changed the idea of what a god was and what his/her characteristics should be
    • Moral
    • Caring
  • Humans are both dust and divinity

5. Judaisms Breakthrough

  • No longer focused on the IS but the WHAT SHOULD BE
    • Not willing to accept a mix of good and evil as unavoidable
    • Not willing to accept nature as is
    • Leads to the desire to change the world for the better and to act communally
      • This contrasts with the desire to maintain the status quo present in religions focused on placating the gods
  • Laid the groundwork for social protest

6. Finding Meaning

  • Morality
    • Necessary for society to function
    • those wise restraints that make men free
    • 613 commandments that regulate human behavior in the Hebrew Bible
      • Most important and influential of these on the world today being the Ten Commandments

7. Finding Meaning

  • Justice
    • The future of any people depends in large part on the justice of its social order
    • Individuals are responsible for the social structures of their societies as well as for their direct personal dealings

8. Finding Meaning

  • Suffering
    • Trials and hardship necessary because of the need for Israel to accept the teachings and live accordingly
    • Some defeats necessary to teach valuable lessons

9. Finding Meaning

  • Messianism
    • Hope for a better future
    • National Restitution
    • World upgrade

10. Jewish Holidays

  • Jewish day begins and ends at sunset
  • Holidays are celebrated one more day than the bible says

11. Rosh Hashanah

  • First of the Year
  • 1 stand 2 ndday of Tishri
  • Not like the American Holiday
  • Most of the day is spent in Synagogue for an extended liturgy
  • Customs
    • Apples dipped in Honey
    • Emptying pockets into a stream

12. Days of Awe- Days of Repentance

  • Serious introspection and a time to reflect
  • Opportunity to change what God has written in the books about you through prayer, good works, and repentance
  • Reconciliation with people you have wronged

13. Yom Kippur Day of Atonement

  • Most important holiday
  • 10 thday of Tishri
  • Covers sins against God
  • Strict 25 hour fast

14. Christianity

  • Based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth
    • Believed to be the Messiah fulfilling the prophecies of Judaism
    • Born to Mary through immaculate conception
    • Grows up in the house of Joseph who was a carpenter
    • Is a descendant of David

15. Christianity

  • Believe that salvation comes through faith that Jesus is the Son of God sent to atone for all sins
    • Incorporates the old testament and Judaism into the religion
    • New Testament explains the teachings of Christ

16. Christianity- Seven Sacraments

  • Baptism
  • Participate in the Eucharist
    • Transubstantiation
  • Reconciliation
  • Confirmation
  • Marriage
  • Holy Orders
  • Anointing of the Sick

17. Christianity Tenants of Faith

  • Holy Trinity
    • Father, Son, and Holy Ghost
  • Sharing the Word with others
  • Awaiting the second coming of Christ

18. Christianity- Traditions

  • Catholicism
    • Led by the Pope in Rome
    • Allows for celebration of saints and praying through saints
    • Focus on the Virgin Mary
  • Greek Orthodox
    • Has different traditions unique to their church
    • Formed after the Great Schism
    • Allows Icons to be used as conduits of prayer

19. Christianity- Traditions

  • Russian Orthodox
    • Unique traditions
    • Iconography
  • Protestantism
    • Started with Martin Luther and his 95 these
    • Does not believe in transubstantiation or follow the Pope
    • Emphasizes a personal relationship with God as the key to true faith and salvation

20. Christianity- Fundamentalism vs Liberalism

  • Fundamentalism
    • Believe the Bible is to be read literally
    • The work of God written through people
  • Liberalism
    • Bible is to be read as metaphor with the meaning contemplated and discovered
    • Does not believe the Bible is the exact word of God but was instead written by humans with Divine inspiration guiding them

21. Themes in Religion

  • In groups of 3 or 4 discuss the following questions and prepare a response to discuss with the class
  • What are some reoccurring themes or ideas that exist in the first four major religions we have discussed?
  • What are the major differences between the religions of the East and the Religions of the West?

22. Religion

  • Is there a fundamental question that all religions seek to answer?If so what is this question.If not, how do the fundamental questions differ between religions?
  • What does this say about humanity in general?

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