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1 Biodiversity Clearinghouse Mechanism workshop, 11-12 Nov 2010, EEA, Copenhagen EU Clearinghouse on Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation Andr Jol European Environment Agency (Head of group vulnerability and adaptation) Slide 2 2 Europes key past and projected impacts Main biogeographic regions of Europe (EEA member countries) Most vulnerable areas Southern Europe Mountain areas (Alps, etc) Coastal zones River floodplains Arctic region Slide 3 3 Commission White Paper Adapting to climate change White Paper adopted on 1/4/2009 Commission staff working documents accompanying the White Paper Impact Assessment and executive summary SEC(2009)387-388 Adapting to Climate Change: the Challenge for European Agriculture and Rural Areas SEC(2009)417 Human, Animal and Plant Health Impacts of Climate Change SEC(2009)416 Climate Change and Water, Coasts and Marine Issues SEC(2009) 386 Documents available on: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/adaptatio n/index_en.htmhttp://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/adaptatio n/index_en.htm Slide 4 4 Broad (complementary) adaptation approaches Grey infrastructure approaches Protective infrastructure and Contingency Plans/Measures In the light of uncertainties, cost and effectiveness becomes issues Green structural approaches Strengthen resilience against climate change impacts by improving natural water retention and strengthening biodiversity. Green infrastructure (e.g. floodplains, land use changes to improve soil water retention, establishment of ecosystem connectivity etc.) Advantage of complementary approach: improved potential for ecosystem services (fresh water, food, health), potential to improve cost-effectiveness, reduce costs for future generations and synergies with mitigation (ecosystem absorption of CO2) possible no regrets measures Soft non-structural approaches Awareness raising, Institutional framework, Economic instruments, etc. Slide 5 5 Need for taking action at EU level Large difference in progress among the Member States. Initiatives and growing demand at regional and local level Many climate change impacts AND adaptation measures have a cross-border dimension Climate impacts and adaptation will affect single market and common policies. Climate change vulnerabilities and adaptation trigger a new paradigm for solidarity EU spending programmes could complement the resources spent by the Member States for adaptation. Potential economies of scale for capacity building, research, information and data gathering, knowledge transfer, etc. Slide 6 EU ADAPTATION FRAMEWORK Phase 1: 2009-2012 Four PILLARS Working in Partnership with EU, national, regional and local authorities PILLAR IV Advance work internationally on Adaptation PILLAR III Employ a combination of policy instruments PILLAR II Mainstream climate Adaptation into key policy areas PILLAR I Strengthen the Knowledge/ Evidence Base Slide 7 7 Pillar I: Strengthening the Knowledge Base an essential step forward (1/2) Objectives: Climate change and socio-economic scenarios across Europe Better understand the territorial and sectoral distribution of vulnerability to climate change impacts European wide data repository and a platform for knowledge transfer on impacts and adaptation measures (Clearing House Mechanism) Build on on-going global, EU (FP6, FP7) and national research projects and studies Further analysis of climate change impacts for major sectors at scales relevant to adaptation measures Identification of the limits to resilience (human systems and ecosystems) Investigation of how to use the ecosystem approach for adaptation efforts Slide 8 8 Pillar I: Strengthening the Knowledge Base an essential step forward (2/2), DG ENV projects Design of guidelines for the elaboration of Regional Climate Change Adaptation Strategies http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/adaptation/index_e n.htm http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/adaptation/index_e n.htm Preliminary assessment of Climate Change vulnerability indicators at regional level (final report due in Nov 2009) Land Use modelling implementation (Final Report Feb 2010) Integrated Assessment Modelling of water-related scenarios and adaptation measures Start Nov 2009 (20 months). Classification and costing of adaptation measures Slide 9 9 Pillar II: mainstream adaptation into key EU policy areas Step by step approach - based on solid scientific and economic analysis What are the actual and potential impacts of climate change in the sector? What are the costs of action/inaction? How can adaptation objectives be embedded into current EU instruments? Which additional measures should be proposed for action at EU level? How do proposed measures impact upon and interact with policies at other levels and in other sectors? Key areas: Water, Coastal & Marine, Agriculture, Health, Transport, Energy etc. Develop guidelines and further Adaptation Strategies outlining the action required Slide 10 10 Status of development of national adaptation strategies Source: EEA, 2009; PEER, 2009 Adopted a NASPreparing a NASIVA assessments Finland (2005)Czech RepublicAustria France (2006)NorwayGreece Spain (2006)RomaniaIceland Netherlands (2007)EstoniaIreland Denmark (2008)LatviaLithuania United Kingdom (2008)PortugalSwitzerland Germany (2008)Romania Hungary (2008) Norway (2008) Sweden (2009) http://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/climate/national-adaptation-strategies Slide 11 11 Objectives of the EU Clearinghouse Facilitate the collection and dissemination of scientific information, data and case studies about climate change impacts and vulnerability, and adaptation policies and measures. Assist an effective uptake of this knowledge by EU, national, regional, local or sectoral decision makers. Provide a greater level of co-ordination sectoral policies and institutional levels Slide 12 12 Added value of the European Clearinghouse A portal of information and tools, with defined quality standards, seeking common approaches at EU level. Information mainly from research institutes and public agencies. Focus on harmonized & quality checked EU wide data at maximal resolution, useful for: neighbouring countries interregional areas (e.g. mountainous or coastal area) areas with scope for action at EU level: CAP, Water, Coastal, Marine, Natura 2000, TEN, Energy, Health, etc. Both an IT tool and a PARTNERSHIP Common guidelines about information quality, formats and sources encourage the systematic collection of reliable and up-to date information Complement but not supersede national initiatives. Could be a solution for countries that don't have the resources to develop such a platform Slide 13 Content of the Clearinghouse Climate change observations and scenarios GMES - Essential climate variables Link with GFCS + regional / national centers Land-use, water, socio-economic observations, statistics and scenarios Adaptation measures, actions Extended database of measures Typology Assessment of environmental, social, economic impacts Identifying no- regret measures Adaptation plans and strategies Information on existing adaptation strategies, key institutions and stekeholders Joint activities between MS and third countries (research, adaptation measures) Practical tools for the development of adaptation policy Impacts & Vulnerability Integration information on climate, land-use, water, ecosystems, socio-economic variables Exposure to impacts, sensitivity and adaptive capacity Detailed geographical and sectoral perspective Vulnerability indicators, policy- oriented Slide 14 Key partnerships and synergies DG ENV EEA DG JRC CC Indicators WISE CHM Biodiv REPORTNET IASG + WG Pillar 1 Contract Implementation phase 1 Data integration (Climate, Soils, Forest, Floods, Droughts) INSPIRE GEOSS DG REGIO INTERREG projects Other DGs Other institutions CIRCLE2 Calls x projects Knowledge portal DG RTD 7FP projects Knowledge portals Research programmes Other institutions Member States Other Projects and Platforms (see annex 1) DG ESTAT DG REGIO Other DGs Slide 15 15 Some key requirements Interoperability Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS) Interoperable Delivery of European eGovernment Services (IDABC) INSPIRE ISO, GEOSS ReportNet Analytical tools Generation of vulnerability assessments and indicators (EU or transnational level) Meta-analysis of vulnerability assessments. Database of adaptation measures Tools for the impact assessment of adaptation measures Multilinguism Multilingual technical glossary Detailed level of information could also be available in a variety of languages General information on CCIVA should be translated and give link to corresponding national platforms when available. Standard functionalities Quality control / quality assurance Slide 16 16 Natural disasters (2004) Overview on vulnerability and adaptation in member countries (2005) Climate change and water (2007) Costs of inaction to climate change (2007) Impacts of climate change (2004, update 2008) Water scarcity and droughts (2009) CC and water resources in the Alps, case studies (2009) Guidance on integrating CC in Water FWD river basin management plans (2009) 2010: updated climate change indicators; support to GMES on data user needs analysis; report on past natural and technological disasters; some vulnerability indicators and disaster risk mapping; annual EIONET workshop; expert meetings EEA contributions/reports Slide 17 17 Example of national plan/portal (UK) Slide 18 18 Examples of national plan/portal (DE) Slide 19 19 Next steps and roadmap Open call for tender November 2009, with Commission concept note as support document for tenderer Project steering group (ENV/JRC/EEA, key countries, sectoral platforms, key research partners) Impact and Adaptation Steering Group (Commission, countries) and Working Group Knowledge Basis to be set up early 2010 Phase 1 (available end 2011 at the latest) Covers key requirements First prototype available in Ja