 understanding aperture – shutter speed - iso

Download  Understanding Aperture – Shutter Speed - ISO

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Shooting in Manual Mode

Shooting in Manual ModeUnderstanding Aperture Shutter Speed - ISOExposure Triangle

Aperture

f stopsF stops = The measurement of the aperture setting in a camera lensDepth of Field - The area in an image from front to back that is in focus

We will discuss how to do this in a future lesson or watch how at Adorama.comf/2 has a larger openingf/16 has a smaller openingSet it to a low aperture if you want a blurred background, or a high aperture if you want everything to be in focus.

Aperture

The exposure meter allows you to keep your exposure triangle balanced.How to change Aperture Values or f stopsWHEN CAMERA IS SET TO ATurn the dial in back of the camera until you reach your desired f stopNotice when you change the f stop, that the camera will automatically change the shutter speed for you.Pay close attention to the meter when it is at 0 thats when the exposure is perfect!Portraits & Stills

Turn Dial hereShutter

Shutter Speed Chart

Shutter speed is how fast the camera records the picture.

How to change the Shutter SpeedWHEN CAMERA IS SET TO STurn the dial in back of the camera until you reach your desired shutter speed.Notice when you change the f stop, that the camera will automatically change the shutter speed for you.If your aperture number starts flashing, that means that the shutter speed you selected is too high to or too low to correctly expose the picture.

Moving Objects

Turn Dial hereISOISO is the 3rd component to the Exposure Triangle and it measures the sensitivity of the image sensor.If you have your Aperture and Shutter Speed the way you want and you still have too little or too much light, try resetting your ISOThe lower the number the less sensitive your camera is to light and the finer the grain. Higher ISO settings are generally used in darker situations to get faster shutter speeds but they can be grainier.

How to change your ISO settingsClick the Menu button Use the round dial with the up & down arrows plus the OK button to maneuver around & make selectionsMake sure the Camera icon is selectedScroll down to ISO SensitivitySelect ISO setting for desired lighting

NIKON CAMERA SETTINGS100 2004006008001600Very Bright lightOutside settingsIndoor settingsVery low lightShooting in Complete Manual ModeShooting in Manual Mode (M on dial) allows the photographer complete control over all settings.Things to consider:Pictures tend to come out blurrier, even if you are shooting a still object or person, so use a tripod.Lighting is extremely important so pay close attention to the meter when adjusting all 3 exposure settings.It is really difficult to capture motion in Manual Mode so keep things steady!How to change the Aperture in Manual ModeHold down the button with the +/- signs on itAt the same time turn the dial with your thumb until you reach your desired f stop

Dial+/- button

How to change the Shutter Speed in Manual ModeClick the button with the ____ signs on it, then release itThen turn the dial with your thumb until you reach your desired shutter speed

Dial

ButtonChanging the ISO in Manual ModeYou still change the ISO the same as with the other settingsJust remember to try different ISO settings to get different results.NIKON CAMERA SETTINGS100 2004006008001600Very Bright lightOutside settingsIndoor settingsVery low light

Questions to ask yourself before you shootLight Is the subject well lit? Lighting is everything!Grain Do I want a grainy shot or one without noise? Check the ISO settings.Tripod Do I need a tripod? Even the slightest movement will cause the picture to be out of focus.Moving Subject Is my subject moving or stationary? So should I be in A or S mode?Settings Have I checked all settings and is the meter balanced?Plan of Action Have a well thought out plan of what, who and where you will be shooting before you begin shooting.