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Project tiger

Project tiger Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation project initiated in India in 1972 to protect the Bengal Tigers. It was launched on 1 April, 1973 and has become one of the most successful wildlife conservation ventures. The project aims at tiger conservation in specially constituted tigerreserves representative of variousbio-geographical regions throughout India. It strives to maintain a viable tiger population in their natural environment.

Project tigers in India

Habitat for tigersMost Tigers live in Asia, specifically throughout Southeast Asia, China, Korea and Russia. Tigers like to live in swamps, grasslands, and rain forests. Usually where Tigers live there are trees, bushes, and clumps of tall grass. It shades the Tiger from the sun when it's extremely hot. Not only does this protect them from the sun, it also helps them to camouflage with their surroundings and surprise their prey. Unlike other cats, Tigers love the water and are very sensitive to heat. Tigers are very powerful swimmers. Most Tigers will soak in water usually after making a kill. Tigers are most likely found eating grass or other animals such as deer, buffalo, wild cattle and wild boars, also from time to time they will eat fish and crabs.

Nature and Habitat for Tigers Tigers were mostly found throughout much of eastern and southern Asia, but now there habitats have shrinked because of the human activities. These human activities are deforestation for agricultural use, hunting of tigers and polluting of the earth which is causing rapid ecosystem changes. Now the tigers are mostly found in India, Sumatra and Siberia. Siberian Tigers are the largest tigers in the world according to their weight and height.

Reasons why Tigers are killed For their skin which is very expensive. People kill them for their fun. For some expensive medicines. People kill tigers because tigers attack their livestock, such as cows and buffaloes, and this makes people want to get rid of tigers.

Case studies of some of the tiger reserves

Pench tiger reserveLong-term research in Pench was initiated by the study on the interactions between wild animal and their habitat in the Pench Sanctuary by Shukla (1990). This was followed by a tiger-prey estimation study by Karanth and Nichols (1998). Since 1995 the Wildlife Institute of India has initiated a series of studies beginning with a long-term radio-telemetry study on the gaur (Bos frontalis) (Sankar et al. 2000a), followed by the creation of a spatial mapping database for the Tiger Reserve (Sankar et al. 2000b). Short-term Masters studies at theWildlife Institute of India increased the knowledge on avifauna (Jayapal 1997), wild herbivores (Acharya 1997), and tiger food habitsand the diversity and distribution of the avifaunain Pench Tiger Reserve.

Jim Corbett national park

Magisterial power to officers.More vehicles: 4 wheelers for Range Officers and 2 Wheelers for Deputy Ranger/Forester.Wireless network to forest guard level.More support such as house, education for children, drinking water, medical care for staff.Increase in patrolling/anti-poaching activities.Special allowance for staff.Rewards for staff (like Governor's medal, President's Medal)8.Intelligence funds.Smooth flow of funds.Sensitization of Police/Administration/Judiciary etc.Filling up of vacancies

Namdapha tiger reserveThe forest personnel are provided with arms and ammunitions but have not been provided with legal powers to use these arms for the protection of the tiger project. It has been experienced over the years that at the time of necessity, management does not get any armed force from the local law and order maintenance authority since the deployment of force inside the tiger project comes last in their priority of work. If at all the force is deployed it shows no initiative or involvement in going inside the forest. Thus it is important that forest staff and officials should be legally empowered to use to fire-arms for discharge of wildlife protection duty.

Conclusion Therefore, by this we get to know that if we are going to kill the tigers our natural habitat is going to be demolished and we are not going to see them again so from now start saving the tigers.Thank you- P.P.T by vivek barnwal


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